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Transcript of Communism
Wrote communist theory guidebook, "Communist Manifesto."
"Communist Manifesto" explains the goals of communism, and theorizes socialism and communism according to Marx. Communism is a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to a community as a whole or to the state. -Every person who works and contributes to the economy, receives benefits such as health care. -No social class system, only working class. -Every person in
population is treated
equally. -Every citizen can obtain and maintain a job, so there is a zero percentage of unemployment -Personal items are subject to be private property, so people can't have their own furniture or any personal items, it is provided by the state, and they control it. -Government decides when and where citizens are working (usually fields or factories). -Communism will solemnly
turn into a form of dictatorship if sought to be by a leader of the government. -If controlled by the wrong individual or community, too much power will be seized
and it will be difficult for the population to gain back their few rights without acts of violence, a civil war or rebellion. -To not have a "government" rather than a group of common people who have the best interests for the country. -Communism is able to establish a sense of control and concurrence. -To abolish all rights of inheritance. -To put control over all property directly into the "government". Communism aims to overthrow upperclass supremacy and give lower class more political power. States that society is splitting up capitalist/business men from the workers/peasants, gaining the upper class more control and centralized power. Key Points of "Communist Manifesto" Communism will remove exploitation of workers and ally with them because they have similar beliefs. Lenin the leader/founder of the Russian communist party, The Bolshevik party. He organized the October Revolution in 1917 which then led to the overthrow of the Provisional government, and established the first communist state. Russian Revolution -A series of revolutions that took place in Russia between March 8, 1917-November 8, 1917. -Led by communist party, the Bolsheviks. First leader of Soviet Union Devout follower of Marxism, and believed Communism would spread all over the world once a Communist revolution took place. -Bolsheviks removed Russia from World War I and brought the transformation of the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
-Replacing Russia’s traditional monarchy with the world’s first Communist state in 1917. -Vladimir Lenin ruled the new government from 1917-1920. -The Russian monarchy became weaker due to the newly and ineffective tsar (king/ruler) Nicholas II and the rise of Vladimir Lenin and the Bolshevik Party. Friedrich Engels Father of Marxist theory, alongside Karl Marx. In 1848 he co-authored "Communist Manifesto" with Karl Marx. October Revolution The Soviet Union was confronted with serious economic problems, a dissatisfied "middle class" and disappointment with the communist political system among the members of the political elite, which caused the economic system to collapse in 1990. The End of Communism in Russia THE END Average citizens of Russia