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Semantics

Joyce Tenelema / María Belén Baños
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on 25 January 2015

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Transcript of Semantics

The Conceptual
System
María Belén Baños

Joyce Tenelema
The Nature of meaning
Semantics: The Analysis of Meaning
Grammatical Concepts
Semantics
The study of meaning in human language.
The Analysis
of Meaning
Semantic relations involving sentences
Paraphrase:
Write in your own words.
Entailment:
When the truth of one sentence guarantees the truth of another sentence.
What is meaning?
What is meaning?
Fuzzy Concepts
METAPHOR
Syntax structure is relative to meaning in a variety of ways.
The meaning of a sentence is determined by the meaning of its component parts and the manner in which they are arranged in syntactic structure.

There are four aspects to consider

Constructional meaning
The representation of structural ambiguity
The assignments of thematic roles
The interpretation of pronouns
Constructional Meaning
Examples:

The Caused-Motion construction: It consists of a structural pattern

The Ditransitive Construction
Thematic Roles
Structural ambiguity
Some sentences are structurally ambiguous in that their components words can be combined in more than one way.
Syntax and sentence Interpretation
Jonathon Doe
Activites:
Likes:
January 9th

Semantic relations among word
Contradiction
: When two sentences can not be true
.
They are used to express the grammatical contrast that are expressed as affixes and non lexical categories.
CONCEPT

AFFIX
PAST -ed
MORE THAN ONE -s
AGAIN re-
NEGATION in-, un-
CONCEPT
Nonlexical category
OBBLIGATION must
POSSIBILITY may
DEFINITIVE, SPECIFIC that
INDEFINITE, NONSPECIFIC a
DISJUNCTION or
NEGATION not
CONJUCTION and
References

quiz
O'Grady, W. D. (2008). Contemporary linguistic analysis: An introduction. Toronto: Pearson Longman.
Full transcript