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Transcript of Semantics
María Belén Baños
The Nature of meaning
Semantics: The Analysis of Meaning
The study of meaning in human language.
Semantic relations involving sentences
Write in your own words.
When the truth of one sentence guarantees the truth of another sentence.
What is meaning?
What is meaning?
Syntax structure is relative to meaning in a variety of ways.
The meaning of a sentence is determined by the meaning of its component parts and the manner in which they are arranged in syntactic structure.
There are four aspects to consider
The representation of structural ambiguity
The assignments of thematic roles
The interpretation of pronouns
The Caused-Motion construction: It consists of a structural pattern
The Ditransitive Construction
Some sentences are structurally ambiguous in that their components words can be combined in more than one way.
Syntax and sentence Interpretation
Semantic relations among word
: When two sentences can not be true
They are used to express the grammatical contrast that are expressed as affixes and non lexical categories.
MORE THAN ONE -s
NEGATION in-, un-
DEFINITIVE, SPECIFIC that
INDEFINITE, NONSPECIFIC a
O'Grady, W. D. (2008). Contemporary linguistic analysis: An introduction. Toronto: Pearson Longman.