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The Life Span -Human Development for Helping Professionals

Broderick and Blewitt-Chapter 1

Sandra Mistretta

on 15 April 2013

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Transcript of The Life Span -Human Development for Helping Professionals

Life Span Development DEFINITION OF LIFE SPAN DEVELOPMENT: the study of human behavior change from conception to death Concepts of Developmental Stages Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory Emphasizing Continuity: The concept of Incremental Change Embracing Complexity:Multidimensional or System Views Applying Theory to Practice Chapter 1 Organizing Themes in Development American Counseling Association code of ethics states that "it's members are dedicated to the enhancement of human development throughout the lifespan" (Broderick and Blewitt, 2010) REFLECTION AND ACTION What is Reflective Practice? Historical Perspective on Contemporary Developmental Theories Freud's Personality Theory Erickson's Psychosocial Stages of Development Behaviorist Tradition:
Bandura Social Learning Theories classical and operant conditioning
REINFORCEMENT Modeling causal components interacting
in complex ways... Bronfenbrenner's Bioecological Theory proximal process How do you respond to a client? Stage Theorist (Erickson)
Incremental Theorist (social learning)
Multidimensional approach (proximal and distal) Six Core Issues for Developmental Theorists

Nature and Nurture
Critical periods and Plasticity
Continuity and Discontinuity
Universality and Specificity
Qualitative and Quantitative Change
Activity and Passivity
NATURE (genes)
NURTURE (environment) Critical Periods (time dependent learning)
Plasticity (older learners and brain adaptability)
Continuity and Discontinuity
Is change slow and gradual or are there rapid transformations occurring between each stage?
Do character traits emerge early in life and will they persist despite environment?
Are early events permanent even if they are short-lived?
Universality and Specificity Qualitive and Quantitive Change ACTIVITY AND PASSIVITY

Are we shaped by external forces over which we have very little control or are we truly "masters of our own fate?" Thank You :) PROBLEM: the uneasy alliance between clinicians and scientific researchers SOLUTION: REFLECTIVE PRACTICE Bridging the gap between science and practice A careful consideration of ones beliefs and forms of knowledge as a precursor of practice (p.2). Scientific theories of human development began to emerge in Europe and America in the 19th century (p.3) Gradual development of Cognitive and Personality Structures in children is observed by: John Locke
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Charles Darwin Erickson Freud Piaget Learning Theories Broderick & Blewitt, 2010 (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010 Erickson Piaget Freud Freud's Psychosexual Stages of Development Generalizations Information Process Theories Human cognitive functions are like the workings of a computer processor aka: transactional
epigenetic distal process reciprocal interactions between an"active evolving biopsychological human organism and the persons objects and symbols in its immediate external environment" (Bronfenbrenner & Morris, 1998). Factors outside the immediate external environment, including internal forces (genes) and
external forces (features of the education system or of the broader culture), which modify the proximal processes in Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model and other multidimensional theories. Bronfenbrenner's Bioecological Theory ethnic groups
racial groups
socioeconomic status
age graded changes
history-graded changes
nonnormative changes
family life
sociocultural theories What are the common developmental progressions that are universal? What are specific to a culture? What truly defines change? mechanistic view organismic theories self organizing Constructivism Social constructivism All the slides after this are ones I was unable to discard, so please ignore them! Applied Developmental Science An emerging field that is applying and synthesizing "the findings of developmental psychology to the solution of real world problems" (BrodericK & Blewitt, 2010). Developmental Psychopathology largely guided by multidimensional or systems theories of development protective factors mediating variables principles of multifinality principles of equifinality prevention science relatively new field CONCLUSION: "The field of counseling and human development have long been linked" (Broderick and Blewitt, 2010.
Reflective Practice can aid us in problem solving... CONTINUITY & DISCONTINUITY
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