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El Grito de Dolores By TaylorLatimer

El Grito de Dolores

Taylor Latimer

on 28 January 2015

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Transcript of El Grito de Dolores By TaylorLatimer

El Grito de Dolores
El Grito de Dolores
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (parish priest of the town of Dolores, Guanajuato) led a revolt against the Spanish due to injustices in the Spanish colonial system.
September 16th, 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, rang the church bell to gather the townspeople.
He called for the people of Mexico to rise up against the Spanish Crown, thus initiating Mexico's War of Independence.
However, the country did not achieve independence until 1821.
Traditions and Rituals
September 16th, 1810
Translates to: “The Cry of Dolores”
Mexican Independence Day
Marks beginning of the Mexican War of Independence
Also known as: “El Grito de la Independencia (“Cry of Independence”)
September 15th - 16th
Local politicians perform re-enactments of Grito de Dolores usually in the public squares of most cities, towns, and villages.
The largest Independence Day celebration takes place in Mexico City's Zocalo.
On the 15th, at 11 pm the President of the Republic goes out onto the central balcony of the National Palace, rings the bell (the same bell Hidalgo rang in 1810, brought to Mexico City in 1886) and cries to the people gathered in the square below, who enthusiastically respond "¡Viva Mexico!"
Traditions and Rituals
September 16th is similar to July Fourth in the US.
In Mexico City a huge square is decorated with flags, flowers and lights of the Mexican Flag: red, white, and green.
The flag is made up of green (to symbolize independence), white (to symbolize religion), and red (to symbolize union).
People sell confetti, whistles, horns, paper-machete helmets, and toys in the colors of red, white and green.
Traditional Attire
Many people walk around dressed in typical Mexican dress: men as Charros.
Women dress as China Poblanas, or wear indigenous dresses.
Those who don't own a typical outfit, at least dress find something to wear in the colors of the flag.
Parades (ex: military parades)
Mariachi Festivals
Grand feasts
Traditional Dishes
Pozole rojo or “red” pozole:
Made with pork shoulder or shanks, red chiles, and lots of hominy corn
Garnishes: shredded cabbage, thinly sliced radishes, chopped avocados, cilantro, onions, and wedges of lime.
Chiles en Nogada:
A poblano chile stuffed with ground beef, fruit, herbs, and spices then covered in a creamy walnut sauce.
The final garnish is pomegranate seeds.
The three colors of the Mexican flag are represented here, green for the chiles, the walnut sauce is white, and the pomegranate seeds are red.
Tamalitos are similar to tamales.
Stone-ground maize is mixed with lard.
This mixture is then filled with ground beef, and wrapped in achirra leaves.
The tamalitos are then tied, and steamed in a pot.
Mexican National Anthem: Himno Nacional Mexicano
The "Mexican National Anthem", also known as "Mexicans, at the cry of war", is the national anthem of the United Mexican States.
The anthem first started being used in 1854, although it was not officially adopted until 1943.
Traditions and Rituals
Full transcript