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Metis Rights- Timeline Assignment
Transcript of Metis Rights- Timeline Assignment
& Demi Metis
Timeline Canada's government issued script to the Metis. The script was, in Metis history, a document that can be exchanged for land and that was offered to the Metis at the time the Numbered Treaties were negotiated.
In the view of Canada's Government, the Metis did not have the same rights as First Nations and did not require reserves.
In the Metis point of view they have the right to land as an Aboriginal people. The North West Resistance's goal was to protect the Metis land which is now Saskatchewan. As the railway and settlers moved into western Canada. Canadian's had and still have different interpretations of this event in Canadian history. According to the Metis it was a way to assert their rights. Like the Red River Resistance. The leader of the Red River Resistance was named "Louis Riel". This ended in a military conflict between the Metis and Canada's Government. 1875-1879 1885 1869-1870 The Metis-led Red River Resistance resulted in the Manitoba Act. The act established Manitoba as a bilingual province, giving them education rights for catholics and protestants along with Metis land rights. This act specified the Metis would receive over 500 000 hectares of land. 1896- 1910 Metis settlers established farms at St. Paul des Metis- near what is today St. Paul Alberta on land provided by the Catholic Church. The Metis did not have title to this land and had to leave what they had. 1938 L'Association des Metis de l'Alberta et des Territoires du Nord-Ouest lobbied Alberta's government the set aside land for the Metis. Alberta's government passed the Metis population Betterment Act in 1938. This established 12 temporary Metis settlements. This was the first time that the government provided the Metis with land. 1940- 1960 The temporary settlements did not give the Metis control of the land. When the settlements proved unsuitable for farming, hunting or fishing the settlements are closed and the land went back to the government of Alberta. 1982 The Metis lobbied for recognition of Metis rights in Canada's constituition. When the consituition was patriated it included Section 35. This recognizes the Metis as one of the Canada's Aboriginal peoples with rights. 1990 Alberta's government enacted legislation under which the Metis received the Metis settlements as a permanent land base with the right to manage their own affairs. The legislation included:
Constituition of Alberta Amendment Act.
Metis Settlements Accord Implemention Act.
Metis Settlements Act
Metis SettlementsLand Protection Act 2003 The Supreme Court ruled at the Metis have the right to hunt and fish as one of Canada's Aboriginal peoples under the Constituition. These rights recognized the unique relationship to the land of the Metis based in history and their inherent rights as an Aboriginal peoples. 2004 In two separate negotiations, the Metis Settlements Council and the Metis Nation of Alberta struck agreements with Alberta's government recognizing Metis hunting and finish rights. The agreements ensured that the Metis could hunt and fish for foods, and that they did not need licences. The alberta government put rules in place that restricted these rights without agreement from the Metis organizations. Albertans have different views and perspectives about Metis harvesting rights. Some endorse the rights and see them as part of the Metis heritage as an Aboriginal people. 2006 In april, the Metis in Manitoba launched a court case seeking compensation for land promised, but not delivered, in the Manitoba Act. Positive Negative Neutral Super Negative Positive Negative Super Positive Super Positive Super Positive Positive and Negative Neutral This event was positive to the Metis because of the "Manitoba Act". The "Manitoba Act" gave the Metis over 500000 hectares of land including the farms that the Metis had established on the red river This event is negative to the Metis because although the Metis recieved scrips, it did not give the Metis the same land rights as the First Nations did. This event was neutral because each different group had a different perspective and did not have an effect on the Metis This event was super negative because the Metis worked very hard to create the farm land that they had but they then had to move and didnt get to keep anything that they worked for This event was positive because the Metis were able to get 12 land settlements which was the first time that a government gave Metis land This event was negative because if the Metis`land was not suitable for resources, their land was taken away and given back to the government. This event was super positive because the Metis was finally recognized as one of Canada`s Aboriginal people and were given rights. This event was super positive because the Metis`settlements became permanent land bases and the Metis had the right to manage their own land This event was super positive because the Meetis recieved the right to hunt and fish as one of Canada`s Aboringinal peoples This event was both positive and negative because the Metis could hunt and fish without a licence but eventually this right was taken away without the concent of the Metis. This event was neutral because the Metis went to compensate for land that was promised in the Manitoba Act but did not say wether or not they got the land