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Civil War Digital Portfolio

Students will review key players, causes, primary source documents, and events surrounding the Civil War.

Megan Letkeman

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Civil War Digital Portfolio

By: Megan Letkeman The American Civil War Harriet Beecher Stowe Charles Sumner John Brown Stephen Douglas Abraham Lincoln Jefferson Davis Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee William Tecumseh Sherman Key Players Harriet Beecher Stowe Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin
This story humanizes slavery by portraying the lives of enslaved individuals and families.
Describes the physical, emotional, and sexual abuse that enslaved people were forced to endure.
Showed people the evils of slavery
Electrified the abolitionist cause and contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War. So you're the little lady who wrote the book that started this Great War! Charles Sumner A republican senator from Massachusetts who was attacked by Representative Preston Brooks of South Carolina because Sumner had criticized Brooks' uncle in one of his speeches.
Sumner's long absence from Senate after the attacks served as a symbol for the tension between the North and South.
Sumner later returned to the Senate, where he authored the nation's first civil rights legislation. "The age of chivalry has gone, the age of humanity has come." - Charles Sumner John Brown On October 16, 1859, he led a group of 21 men (5 black, 16 white) on a raid of the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. (Within 36 hours most had been killed or captured.)
was strictly anti-slavery
Was hanged for treason in 1859.
Caused many Northerners to speak favorably of the militant abolitionist. Frederick Douglass Though a white gentleman, [Brown] is in sympathy a black man, and as deeply interested in our cause, as though his own soul had been pierced with the iron of slavery. Henry David Thoreau He did not recognize unjust human laws, but resisted them as he was bid...
No man in America has ever stood up so persistently and effectively for the dignity of human nature. Stephen Douglas He debated with Lincoln over which states should be part of the Union
Lincoln beat Douglas in the run for president
He wanted to control slavery in the south
He attempted to brand Lincoln as a dangerous radical who was advocating racial equality.
All states were part of the Union Abraham Lincoln 16th president of the USA
President during the civil war, fought to emancipate slaves
Issued the Emancipation Proclamation which began the process of freedom for America's slaves
He made the decision to fight to keep the nation from splitting apart. Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.
He was a benevolent aristocrat who treated his slaves well (so they didn't want their freedom)
Was a Colonel in the Mexican War and had military credibility but could not handle the economy
Attempted to centralize power by invading Union states Ulysses S. Grant 18th President of the USA
After helping win many battles, he was promoted to General-in-Chief by Lincoln in 1864
He accepted the surrender of Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army
After Lincoln's death, he helped hold the country together
As president he was very corrupt I can't spare this man...he fights. Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee I'm depressed at the defeat of a foe who fought so valiantly. *surprised* Robert E. Lee Career military officer best known for having commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War.
Extremely honorable - even the North respected his demeanor
He turned down offers for general because he wanted to stay loyal to Virginia
Signed the armistice with General Grant at the end of the Civil War "I cannot trust a man to control others who cannot control himself." - Robert E. Lee William Tecumseh Sherman General in the Union army
Went on a rampage that virtually cut the South in 2, disabling the flow of supplies to the Confederate army.
Hated in the South and loved in the North
Thought that any unsuppressed Indians were hostile Timeline of Events Compromise of 1850 The Kansas Nebraska Act Bleeding Kansas The Dred Scott Decision Lincoln-Douglas Debates Harper's Ferry Lincoln's Election Fort Sumter Bull Run Antietam Emancipation Proclamation Gettysburg and Gettysburg Address Andersonville Prison Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse Assassination of Abraham Lincoln A package of 5 bills which defused a 4 year confrontation between slave and free states.
Dealt with the status of territories acquired by the Mexican-American War
Avoided civil war and reduced sectional conflict for 4 years September 1850 1854 Created the states of Kansas and Nebraska
Originally created to open up new farming land, but became problematic when residents were voting whether or not to allow slavery
Repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820
Controversy over slavery led to a civil war in Kansas 1854-1861 Debate over whether Kansas would be a slave or free state led to bloody civil war
Was a proxy war between Northerners and Southerners over slavery
Set into motion by the Kansas Nebraska Act that implemented the concept of popular sovereignty 1857 Decision by the US Supreme Court that people of African descent brought into the US and held as slaves were not protected by the Constitution and were no citizens of the US.
Inspired by Dred Scott, a slave who unsuccessfully sued for his freedom 1858 A series of 7 debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas
Each trying to win control of the Illinois legislature
Main issue discussed was slavery
Lincoln lost for Senator of Illinois, but later became president due to his grown popularity October 16, 1859 November 6, 1860 Lincoln won without carrying a single Southern state
The nation was very divided and many Southern leaders were threatening secession
After this crucial election, the nation was thrown into turmoil Near Charleston, South Carolina
The bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter due to a battle
Following the secession of 7 southern states, South Carolina demanded that US army abandon its facilities in Charleston Harbor.
This was the start of the American Civil War. 1861 July 21, 1861 fought in Prince William Country, Virginia very bloody battle won by the Confederates, caused everyone to realize that the war was going to last a lot longer than they had thought first land battle of the American Civil War September 17, 1862 first major battle of the civil war fought on Union soil
bloodiest single day battle in American history (23,000 casualties on both sides)
Although outnumbered 2-1, Lee entered his whole force, while the Union only entered 75% of what was available to them, causing the battle to end in stalemate Executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln that proclaimed the freedom of slaves in 10 states that were still in rebellion
did not compensate owners
did not itself outlaw slavery
did not make the ex-slaves citizens
not a law passed by Congress January 1, 1863 Gettysburg: a town of southern Pennsylvania
Gettysburg Address:
a speech given by Abraham Lincoln
he reiterated the principles of human equality as stated in the Declaration of Independence
memorialized the sacrifice of the soldiers November 19, 1863 Confederate prisoner-of-war camp
many prisoners died of starvation, malnutrition, diarrhea, disease, abuse, and blunt weapon execution by the guards 1864-1865 April 9, 1865 Robert E. Lee was surrounded
He showed up to accept terms from Ulysses S. Grant, and they were
men are allowed to keep their private horses, side arms, and personal baggage
Grant offered Lee 25,000 rations
The Confederacy was greatly outnumbered and they surrendered to the Union April 15, 1865 Occurred 5 days after the surrender of the Confederacy
killed by John Wilkes Booth in an attempt to revive the Confederate cause
Booth and his conspirators hoped to sever the continuity of the US government
shot while watching "Our American Cousin" with his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln The South WAR Compromise of 1850
fugitive slave laws (Kansas was north of the Missouri Compromise line
Dred Scott decision Trigger When Lincoln was elected president, the 11 southern states seceded because they had been lead to believe he was an abolitionist. Really, Lincoln was opposed to slavery in new territories, but in the Lincoln-Douglas debates Douglas had made it seem like Lincoln was an abolitionist. Many angry Southern soldiers fired on Fort Sumter. So began the bloody Civil War. Letter from a Soldier During the War Camp near Lanjer, Ark.
May 10th 1863.

My Dear Amanda,
It has been a long time since I had an opportunity of writing to you, and I gladly avail myself of the present opportunity. I am not certain that I will have a chance of sending this but I will write a few lines any how and try and get it off to let you know that I am among the living.

We have been on a raid into Ms. but I have not time to give you the particulars of our trip. I will write in a few days if I can get a chance to send it and write you a long one. I just came off of picket and found the boys all writing to send by a man that has been discharged who is going to start home this morning. I was quite sick three or four days while in Mo. but have entirely recovered. We captured a good many prisoners while in Mo. and killed a good many. We went up as high as Jackson 8 or 10 miles above Cape Girardeau. We fought them nearly all day at the Cape on Sunday two weeks ago today. The yanks boasted that we would never get back to Ark but they were badly mistaken, for we are back again and have sustained but very light loss, we never lost a man out of our company and only one or two out of the regt. I wish I had time to give you a full description of our trip. It would be very interesting to you I know; but you will have to put up with this little scrawl for the present. I am in hopes that I will get a whole package of letters from you in a few days. I never wanted to see you half as bad in all my life as I do now. I would give anything in the world to see you and the children. I have no idea when I will have that pleasure. We can't get any news here - do not know what is going on in the outside world. The boys will all write as soon as they get a chance to send them off.

We will remain in this vicinity, I expect for some time to recruit our horses. Our horses are sadly worsted. We found plenty to eat and to feed our horses on in Mo but hardly even had time to feed or eat as we traveled almost insesantly night and day. We could get any amount of bacon of the very best kind at 10 cts and every thing else in proportion.

I must close for fear I do not get to send my letter off. Write offten I will get them some time. I will write every chance, do not be uneasy when you do not get letters, for when we are scouting around as we have been it is impossible to write or to send them off if we did write. Give my love to the old Lady and all the friends. My love and a thousand kisses to my own sweet Amanda and our little boys. How my heart yearns for thou that are so near and dear to me. Goodbye my own sweet wife, for the present. Direct to Little Rock as ---.

As ever your devoted and loving Husband, J.C. Morris. Written by J.C. Morris of the 21st Texas Cavalry to his wife, Amanda John Brown led a team of 21 men (5 black, 16 white) on a raid of Harper's Ferry
He planned to seize the weapons inside the armory to arm the local slaves
It was initially successful, but word went around and by the morning of October 18 they were surrounded by US Marines and US Army Political Causes Economic Causes The North wanted wage labor but the south had always relied on slave labor. Social Causes There were major differences in lifestyles between the North and the South.
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