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Utopian and Dystopian Societies
Transcript of Utopian and Dystopian Societies
Dystopia: a society characterized by human misery, as squalor, oppression, disease, and overcrowding. UTOPIAN COMMUNITIES came to reflect social perfectibility rather than religious purity. ROBERT OWEN, for example, believed in economic and political equality. Those principles, plus the absence of a particular religious creed, were the 1825 founding principles of his NEW HARMONY, INDIANA, cooperative that lasted for only two years before economic failure. CHARLES FOURIER, a French reformer and philosopher, set out the goal of social harmony through voluntary "phalanxes" that would be free of government interference and ultimately arise, unite and become a universal perfect society. JOHN HUMPHREY NOYES designed ONEIDA COMMUNITY in upstate New York. Oneidans experimented with group marriage, communal child rearing, group discipline, and attempts to improve the genetic composition of their offspring.
Self-reliance, optimism, individualism and a disregard for external authority and tradition characterized one of the most famous of all the American communal experiments. BROOK FARM, near Roxbury, Massachusetts, was founded to promote human culture and brotherly cooperation. Utopian Communities in History of America The founders of Brook Farm tried to create a society of equality for its members. Could this happen? Could this happen? Could this happen?