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Utopian and Dystopian Societies

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Kara Beal

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of Utopian and Dystopian Societies

Utopia and Dystopia Explained Sir Thomas More More coined the word "utopia" – a name he gave to the ideal and imaginary island nation, the political system of which he described in Utopia, published in 1516. In Utopia, with communal ownership of land, private property does not exist, men and women are educated alike, and there is almost complete religious toleration. Some take the novel's principal message to be the social need for order and discipline rather than liberty. The country of Utopia tolerates different religious practices and other liberties such as choice of ones work . George Orwell - 1984 "The blackmoustachio'd face gazed down from every commanding corner. There was one on the house-front immediately opposite. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption said, while the dark eyes looked deep into Winston's own. Down at streetlevel another poster, torn at one corner, flapped fitfully in the wind, alternately covering and uncovering the single word INGSOC. In the far distance a helicopter skimmed down between the roofs, hovered for an instant like a bluebottle, and darted away again with a curving flight. It was the police patrol, snooping into people's windows. The patrols did not matter, however. Only the Thought Police mattered." In Lord of the Flies William Golding conducts a sociological thought experiment. He takes a group of young boys and places them on a deserted island and asks what will the result be, a utopia or a dystopia? His answer is the latter. His reason is man himself. Once free of the temptations created by adults and society the boys are able to live happily ever after in a peaceful utopia. It became a dystopia because the kids started to fight amongst each other and where violence starts, sad events take place ending this utopia they had found. Utopia & Dystopia Shown in Movies Could this happen? Utopia: an ideal place or state; any visionary system of political or social perfection.

Dystopia: a society characterized by human misery, as squalor, oppression, disease, and overcrowding. UTOPIAN COMMUNITIES came to reflect social perfectibility rather than religious purity. ROBERT OWEN, for example, believed in economic and political equality. Those principles, plus the absence of a particular religious creed, were the 1825 founding principles of his NEW HARMONY, INDIANA, cooperative that lasted for only two years before economic failure. CHARLES FOURIER, a French reformer and philosopher, set out the goal of social harmony through voluntary "phalanxes" that would be free of government interference and ultimately arise, unite and become a universal perfect society. JOHN HUMPHREY NOYES designed ONEIDA COMMUNITY in upstate New York. Oneidans experimented with group marriage, communal child rearing, group discipline, and attempts to improve the genetic composition of their offspring.
Self-reliance, optimism, individualism and a disregard for external authority and tradition characterized one of the most famous of all the American communal experiments. BROOK FARM, near Roxbury, Massachusetts, was founded to promote human culture and brotherly cooperation. Utopian Communities in History of America The founders of Brook Farm tried to create a society of equality for its members. Could this happen? Could this happen? Could this happen?
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