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Body Temperature

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by

Jan Marie Smith

on 10 July 2014

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Transcript of Body Temperature

RADIATION: diffusion or dissemination of heat by electromagnetic waves

CONVECTION: dissemination of heat by motion between areas of unequal density

EVAPORATION: conversion of a liquid to a vapor

CONDUCTION: transfer of heat to another object during direct contact

MECHANISM OF HEAT TRANSFER

Shivering
Low body temperature
Slow body movements
Mild confusion
Pale appearance
Slowed pulse and respiration rate
<34 degrees Celsius results in death

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DECLINED BODY TEMPERATURE


SITES AND DIFFERENCES IN BODY TEMPERATURE

EQUIPMENTS:
Glass, digital or electronic thermometer

IMPLEMENTATION BEFORE TAKING BODY TEMPERATURE
1. Check nursing care plan
2.Wash hands
3. Identify patient
4. Pull blinds
5.Ensure the thermometer is working properly
6. Put on gloves
7. Select the appropriate base line on previous assessment
8. Determine if patient has consumed hot or cold beverage or
food or has been smoking


ASSESSING BODY TEMPERATURE

REGULATORY MECHANISM OF HEAT LOSS AND HEAT GAINED



REFERENCES
Potter, P. A., & Perry, A. G. (2009). Fundamentals of nursing (7th ed.). St. Louis, Mo.: Mosby Elsevier.

Thermometer - procedure, blood, tube, adults, time, infection, operation, types, risk, children, Definition, Purpose, Demographics, Description, Diagnosis/Preparation, Aftercare, Risks. (n.d.). Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://www.surgeryencyclopedia.com/St- Wr/Thermometer.html
"ALTERED BODY TEMP HYPOTHERMIA Nursing Dignosis and Intervention | Nursing Care Plan." Nursing Care Plan. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://cncplan.blogspot.com/2011/10/altered-body-temp-hypothermia-nursing.html>.
"Variations of Body Temperature." Ambulance Technician Study. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ambulancetechnicianstudy.co.uk/temp.html#.USqS-_JDIgA>.
"What is Homeostatic mechanism for regulation of body temperature." The Q&A wiki. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_Homeostatic_mechanism_for_regulation_of_body_temperature>.










Monitor temperature as frequently as appropriate

Monitor blood pressure, pulse, and respiratory as appropriate

Monitor for seizure activities

Administer antipyretic medication as appropriate administer IV fluids as appropriate

Report to Head nurse or doctor if negative changes occur
NURSING INTERVENTIONS/ REPORTING/ RECORDING:

To promote wellness (Teaching and Discharge Considerations):

• Review potential problem and individual risk factors with client

• Instruct in measures to protect from identified risk factors

• Review ways to prevent accidental alterations, such as induced hypothermia as a result of over cooling

NURSING INTERVENTIONS/ REPORTING/ RECORDING CON’T:

prevent occurrence of temperature alteration by:

Monitoring and maintaining comfortable ambient environment by provide heating or cooling measures.

Monitor core body temperature. (Tympanic temperature may be preferred, as it is the most accurate noninvasive method)

Restore and maintain core temperature within client’s normal range.


NURSING INTERVENTIONS/ REPORTING/ RECORDING CON’T:

Identify causative/risk factors present:

Determine if present illness or condition results from exposure to environmental factors, surgery, infection, trauma.
• Monitor laboratory values (tests indication of infection, drug screens).


•Note client’s age (premature neonate, young child, or aging individual), as it can directly impact ability to maintain or regulate body temperature and respond to changes in environment.



NURSING INTERVENTIONS/ REPORTING/ RECORDING

TERMS DEFINITIONS
Pyrexia Elevated temperature

Intermittent Rise and fall in temperature

Remittent pyrexia Temperature never returns to normal until client becomes well

Relapsing Temperature returns to normal for at least one day then pyrexia reoccurs

Crisis When pyrexia suddenly returns to normal

Lysis When pyrexia gradually returns to normal

Afebrile A client with a normal body temperature

Febrile Increased body temperature

CLINICAL TERMS AND DEFINITIONS FOR TEMPERATURE

Thirst
Anorexia ( feeling to vomit)
Flushed warm skin
Irritability
Headache
Muscle aches
Elevated pulse and respiration rate
Restlessness or excessive sleepiness
Increased perspiration

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ELEVATED BODY TEMPERATURE

Circadian Rhythms: re-occurrence of a physiological change within 24- hour intervals; body temp and blood pressure

Age and Gender: older adult lose some thermoregulatory control.

Women have more fluctuation in body temperatures than men

Environmental Temperatures: wearing inappropriate clothes

FACTORS AFFECTING BODY TEMPERATURE

EQUIVALENT CELSIUS AND FAHRENHEIT TEMPERATURES

WHAT IS A THERMOMETER?

ORAL TEMPERATURE

RECTAL TEMPERATURE

AXILLARY TEMPERATURE

TYMPANIC TEMPERATURE



WAYS TO TAKE TEMPERATURE


VARIATIONS AND CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE IN BODY TEMPERATURE


ALTERATIONS & CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE IN BODY TEMPERATURE


GROUP MEMBERS





MONNIEDAIE BALRAJ


MARIELLE


JAN MARIE SMITH



BODY TEMPERATURE

FOUNDATIONS OF

NURSING Practice
GROUP 5

From Celsius to Fahrenheit =
(C * 9/5) + 32

From Fahrenheit to Celsius =

(F - 32) * 5/9





TEMPERATURE SCALES





How is it Regulated

The Hypothalamus




REGULATORY MECHANISM
OF
BODY TEMPERATURE

TYPES OF THERMOMETERS

READING THERMOMETER AT EYE LEVEL

AXILLARY TEMPERATURE

TYMPANIC TEMPERATURE

ORAL TEMPERATURE

RECTAL TEMPERATURE


An instrument used for determining temperature that usually consists either of a device providing a digital readout or of a glass bulb attached to a fine tube of glass with a numbered scale and containing a liquid (as mercury or colored alcohol) that is sealed in and rises and falls with changes of temperature





IMAGES OF TEMPERATURE SITES

Electronic
Infrared (Tympanic)
Chemical Dot
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