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Abortion Rights

POLS3300.001
by

Ana-Alisia White

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of Abortion Rights

Travis Crawford, Ana-Alisia White, Emily Laughlin, Eric Matuszak Abortion Rights Sides of the issue ~Pro-Life: Abortion should not be legal
Some Pro-lifers believe Abortion should only be legal in cases of rape, incest or to save the Mother’s life.
~Pro-Choice: Abortion should be legalized
Some put a cut-off point at 24 weeks (or viability) Definition Abortion: The termination of a pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to viability.
An abortion can happen spontaneously which is commonly called a miscarriage or it can be induced which is what most associate the word abortion with Reasons against abortion ~The fetus has a right to life
~Abortion is immoral and against certain religious beliefs
~A woman who chooses to have an abortion is selfish
~When contraceptives are available to most in society, there is no reason for unwanted pregnancies
~People who are pro-choice are against the idea of a family unit ~Tx dept of family services: "The South Plains region holds the second highest per-capita rate of child abuse in the state. Lubbock led all Texas counties with 1540 of the 70589 child abuse cases statewide last year."
~Teen childbearing costs taxpayers approximately $9.1 billion annually, $1.1 billion in Texas alone.
~More than 80% of these births were unintended, meaning they occurred sooner than desired or were not wanted at any time Numbers in Texas ~Every 10 minutes, a teen in Texas gets pregnant.
~$370,549,496 went to WIC (Women, Infants, Children) in 2012
~Lubbock County has the highest percentage of unplanned teen births of all the largest cities in the State of Texas
~Approximately 45% of abortions are repeat abortions Numbers in the US ~Every 10 minutes a teen gives birth
~Every 48 minutes a teen has an abortion
~"On September 30, 2011, there were an estimated 400,540 children in foster care"
~"750,000 teen pregnancies annually [in the US]. 8 in 10 of these pregnancies are unintended and 81% are to unmarried teens" “40% of women of reproductive age live in nations where abortion is highly restricted or prohibited (Kirst-Ashman, 88).” Unplanned or Accidental
Contraception was not used
Contraception used incorrectly or inconsistently
Contraception was used but it failed- no method is perfect
Many cannot afford a child
Having a baby would interfere with work or school
They already take care of an aging family member
Don’t want to be a single parent
Having problems already with their boyfriend/husband
13,000 abortions/year are performed following a rape in the US
Risk analysis- teenagers usually are not good parents Facts Common Reasons for an abortion Roe vs. Wade (1973)-Due process was extended to a woman’s decision to have an abortion.

Hyde Amendment(1976)-Reactionary amendment that barred the use of federal funds, such as Medicaid, to pay for an abortion except in cases of rape, incest and the Mother’s life being in danger. This is the only Medical procedure that Medicaid has banned. Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2013). Foster care statistics 2011. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children’s Bureau.

Coolnurse. "Teen Pregnancy Rates in the USA." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., 11 Aug. 2011. Web. 28 Apr. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/12504-teen-pregnancy-rates-usa/>. Problem 1. Is it right for the government to tell a citizen what to do with their body as long as it’s within the confines of the law?

2. Is the government targeting the lower class by removing abortion rights from Medicaid?Leading to thousands of unwanted pregnancies to abortion candidates Group leaders try to attract member and supporters by raising public awareness about issues Some social groupings have an overwhelming impact on peoples well being and life opportunities Solution! -Biotechnology
--Personalized genomics and tissue engineering
-Nanotechnology
--Facilitate micro-scale interactions and growth through artificial means
-Smart computer systems and monitoring devices
--To track the progress of the fetus’s growth
--Adjusting for changing conditions. “If people are adversely affected by a social condition or policy, they will organize and demand that government rectify the situation.” What the Fetus will need 1.Artificial endometrium-a blastocyst conceived via in vitro fertilization could then be implanted about 3 to 4 mm into the endometrium where it would take root and proceed to grow 2. Artificial placenta- the organ which connects it to the uterine wall (via umbilicus) allowing for the delivery of nutrients, the elimination of waste, and gas exchange through the mother’s blood supply 3. Synthetic amniotic fluid- contains nutrients and growth factors that facilitate fetal growth Bennington-Castro, Joseph. "How to Build an Artificial Womb." Io9. N.p., 2011. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. <http://io9.com/how-to-build-an-artificial-womb-476464703>. What the Fetus will need 4.Temperature regulation
5. Proper stimulation- should move the unborn baby in a way reminiscent to how a mother moves, including standing, walking, and lying down positions. The incubator should be set to a 24-hour clock in which waking and sleeping hours are simulated.
6. Microbiome stimulation- helps them digest food, regulate bowels, develop their immune systems, and protect against infection. Bennington-Castro, Joseph. "How to Build an Artificial Womb." Io9. N.p., 2011. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. <http://io9.com/how-to-build-an-artificial-womb-476464703>. Benefits -Women would not have to take maternity leave
-Can be monitored have have the best development as possible
-For women who cannot have children
-Liberating technology which removes restrictions for all types of couples
-Eliminate the abortion issue
-Save premature babies
-Can provide optimal environment for development But who is paying for this? -State funded centers (likely in hospitals)

-Mother/Insurance/New Parents cover the cost

-Tax dollars

-Income-based fees Downfalls -Can be taken advantage of
-Used as a form of birth control
-Should tax dollars go to this program?
-Redefining the "family unit"
-"Playing God"
- Not natural (for humans) Policy Change Limiting Client Activity When is this a realistic concept? Animal Womb: 2020
Human Womb: 2030
Man-made mouse wombs could be a reality in 5-10 years -Shark pups lived 1 week
-Goat fetus' lived 10 days
-Mouse embryo's grow almost to full term
-All mice had deformities or lung problems. -Repeal IVF limitation
"Under current federal regulations, two weeks is the limit for human fetal growth in the lab."
-Repeal The Sanctity of Human Life Act
" The life of each human being begins with fertilization, cloning, or its functional equivalent, irrespective of sex, health, function or disability, defect, stage of biological development, or condition of dependency, at which time every human being shall have all the legal and constitutional attributes and privileges of personhood." -Up to date records on all clients
-Limiting number of procedures per client
-Raising fees each procedure
-Mandatory counseling for repetitive clients
-Social Worker on staff The Future That's all yolks! ~People must be allowed to pursue their own welfare acting to maximize their own self-interest. ~Where do public and private interests meet? Collective benefits vs. private. (Does society as a whole benefit/deteriorate vs. does the mother benefit/harm her self interest when refused an abortion/allowed an abortion) ~Who gets what, when, and how? Goal is equality. A woman deserves the opportunity to choose if she unexpectedly becomes pregnant to offer her a fair and equal chance at a career/life she desires.
~Inequality depresses individual and communal well-being. Low income families who have children when they are unprepared widen the gap between classes and result in more inequality. ~Is it a good use of resources to fund low income families with multiple children? Or is it more efficient to provide options such as abortions to avoid these scenarios?
~Markets assume people are rational. Allow them to use their rationality to decide whether an abortion is best for them or not. --Welfare depends on quality as well as quantity. The quality of a child’s home is important in providing it the welfare it deserves.

--People need reliable and secure ways of meeting their needs over time. No certainty with children born into poor families, which results in decrease welfare.

--Volatility diminishes welfare in security sense. Without the choice to abort, more children would be born into volatile households.

--Individual vs. Relational needs: some things can only be gotten from relations with others: friendship and love, self-esteem, a sense of belonging. It is important all children have these needs met by their family. "H.R. 23: Sanctity of Human Life Act." GovTrack.us. N.p., 3 Jan. 2013. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/hr23/text>. Reynolds, Gretchen. "Artificial Wombs." Popular Science. N.p., 1 Aug. 2005. Web. 28 Apr. 2013. <http://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2005-08/artificial-wombs>. Why hasn't it worked yet? --The blood vessels that should link the bodies to the womb’s surface wither or fail to develop at all. The embryos shrivel from lack of blood. - Barren women would be able to have children
-Lower the amount of abortions performed
-Less maternity leave time needed
-Guaranteed healthy environment for the fetus
________________________________________
-Separation between 'natural babies' and 'pod-babies'
-Eliminating the mother/fetus connection
-Redefining the family unit
-- Not natural
-System could be abused
-- form of birth control Fun Fact!
Artificial insemination was used as far back as the 15th century by breeders of arabian horses to ensure the continuation of the best breeds. The development of this technology will ultimately lead to the creation of an artificial womb Bennington-Castro, Joseph. "How to Build an Artificial Womb." Io9. N.p., 2011. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. <http://io9.com/how-to-build-an-artificial-womb-476464703>.
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