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Immigrant

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Yichun Liu

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of Immigrant

Fiona & Jennifer Immigration 1865-1914 Immigrants Chinese Jewish 1881
Almost 2,000,000 immigrants in a few decades
Mostly from Russia
Running from Pogroms
Desire for freedom and economic opportunities Jewish in America Immigrant Restrictions Nativism- The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against immigrants.
Nativism led to the forming of anti-immigrant organization. Freedom Future Millions of immigrants entered the U.S. in the late nineteenth century.
Eastern & Southern Europeans, Asians , Jews
America became a melting pot, however, American feared the new immigrants would destroy American culture Bibliography Lapsansky-Werner, Emma J. "Chapter 14 , Section 1." United States History. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, 2010. N. pag. Print.
"The Maritime Heritage Project." Chinese in San Francisco during the 1800s from . Shipping News with Sea Captains, Ships, Seaports, Merchants, Merchandise, Immigration and Passengers. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2013.
"Push&Pull: Motives for the Immigration of Chinese to America." Untitled Document. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2013.
"Chinese Exclusion Act." Chinese Exclusion Act. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2013.
"Essay - Eastern European Immigration." Essay - Eastern European Immigration. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2013.
"ELLIS ISLAND - HISTORY." Ellis Island. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2013.
Sarna, Jonathan D. "The American Jewish Experience through the Nineteenth Century: Immigration AndAcculturation, The Nineteenth Century, Divining America: Religion in American History, TeacherServe, National Humanities Center." The American Jewish Experience through the Nineteenth Century: Immigration AndAcculturation, The Nineteenth Century, Divining America: Religion in American History, TeacherServe, National Humanities Center. Brandeis University, Oct. 2000. Web. 07 Feb. 2013. In the mid-1800s, China's population reached about 430 million.
Between 1851 and 1882, about three hundred thousand Chinese arrived on the West Coast, they settled mainly in cities.
The demand for railroad workers in the U.S. led to an increase in Chinese immigration PUll Factors:
Employment
Education
Business opportunities
Gold Rush
Higher standard of living Push Factors:
Poverty
Demand for resources
ONLY one child policy
Environmental degradation Worked as laborers, servant or skilled tradesmen.
Opened small Chinese business (Restaurants,laundries) Europeans The Chinese Exclusion Act:
Passed in 1882, the Anti-Chinese sentiment had existed since the great migration from China during the gold rush.
The law barred Chinese immigration for 10 years and prevented the Chinese already in the country from becoming citizens. It was not repealed until 1943. Between 1870 to 1920, about 20 million Europeans arrived in the United States( known as the Second great wave) Push Factors Unemployment
High taxes
Long military draft
Poverty
Land & food shortage
Religious persecution Farmers
Laborers
Merchants
Steel and textile mill workers Ellis Island & Angel Island Settlements centered on New York
Other Jewish communities: Charleston, WV, Wichita, KS, Oakland, CA
Had skills, but worked in factories for extremely low wages or some became peddlers Most immigrants arrived by steamship, in the steerage
The difficult trip but least expensive, many people died along the way T.T Europeans
Processing center (1892)
The trip from Europe took about a month
Immigrants had to pass inspection Asians (primarily Chinese)
1910, opened in California
It took about 3 weeks from Asia
Processing was much harsher than Ellis Island Money
Showed they were not criminals & had ability to work
Sick were sent back to their home Answered tough question
Checked for illnesses
Long detentions in filthy conditions while they were waiting for the result of immigration hearings Ellis Island, New York Harbor Located in the upper bay just off the New Jersey coast Angel Island, San Francisco An island in San Francisco Bay Pogroms Russian verb that means "to destroy"
Violent mob attacks that are consented by law
Usually refers to attack against Jewish people
Cause: After Czar Alexander II's assassination (March 1881), Russians blamed the murder on Jewish people. Lynching of Leo Frank 1913, Atlanta
A Jew named Leo Frank accused of rape and murder of Mary Phagan, a 13-year-old Christian girl
Governor Slaton, convinced he is innocent, changed his sentence to life imprisonment from death sentence
Frank was kidnapped&lynched by Georgia mob
As a result, Anti-Defamation League (ADL) created http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_YXWamP8aB5s/S-o-jPagzKI/AAAAAAAAA8k/i0JowTUGxpk/s1600/chinese.jpg http://jewishness.bellevueholidayrentals.com/images/jewish20peddlers20in20new20york20city.jpg http://culturecoach.biz/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Chinatown-SF.jpg Some immigrants settled in neighborhoods that were separated into ethnic groups http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/immigration/Immigrant-1899.jpg http://jacksonianunit.wikispaces.com/file/view/navitism.jpeg/265821058/navitism.jpeg
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