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Nicola Murphy

on 20 January 2015

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Transcript of Grit

Niamh, Nicola & Stuart

What is Grit?
Von Culin, Tsukayama and Duckworth (2014) defined the personality trait of grit as the ability to achieve long term goals as a result of perseverance, focus and hard work.
Having grit allows people to

achieve their goals
succeed in various aspects of their lives.
have a higher motivation to do well
overcome set backs
take a different approach to achieving happiness

Grit may
be correlated with talent or IQ

(Von Culin et al. 2014).
“seekers of pleasure” vs. “seekers of meaning”.

Hypothesized :
Seekers of pleasure would be less likely to self-regulate and motivate themselves to persist during difficult times.

Seekers of meaning aim to develop and use their skills over time.

Participants who engaged in flow were especially gritty, as well as people who pursued happiness through meaning. Those who pursued happiness through pleasure were lower in grit.

Maddi, Erwin, Carmody, Villarreal, White and Gundersen (2013) suggest that individuals with grit see reaching their unchanging goals as a marathon which requires stamina.

If a person has a goal in mind, and they continue to have setbacks and fail to achieve this goals, they will continue to persevere =

It involves courage, to sustain and persevere, even though it may seem as you are getting nowhere.

Positive and Trans personal Psychology
Grit & Exercise..
Reed (2014) - study to examine grit and exercise behaviour.
57 participants filled out an online survey, which assessed their exercise participation and their Grit.

Reed (2014) reported that there was a high association with grit and high exercise participation.
Grit Questionnaire
Big Five Conscientiousness
Grit is similar but different to...
Activity 2
How to improve your Grit?
Duckworth, A.L., & Gross, J.J. (2014). Self-control and grit: Related but separable
determinants of success. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(5), 319-325.

Dweck, C. S. (2010). Even geniuses work hard. Educational Leadership, 68(1), 16-20.

John, O., Naumann, L., & Soto, C. (2008). Paradigm Shift to the Integrative Big-Five
Trait Taxonomy: History, Measurement, and Conceptual Issues. In Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research (pp. 114-158). New York: NY:Guildford Press

Maddi, R., Erwin, L., Carmody, C., Villarreal, B., White,
M., & Gundersen, K. (2013). Relationship of hardiness, grit, and emotional intelligence to internet addiction, excessive consumer spending, and gambling. The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to Furthering Research and Promoting Good Practice, 8(2), 128-134., DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2012.758306

Reed, J. (2014). A Survey of Grit and Exercise Behavior.
Journal Of Sport Behavior, 37(4), 390-406.

- the courage to learn from an experience, and to change course, if it involves adventure or personal growth (Maddi et al. 2013).

Grit - Ted Talk
- having a positive outlook on life after a disaster (Zautra, Hall & Murray, 2008).
Any Examples??
There are no concrete ways to improve grit. Grit is improved over time.

The best way to do this is to have a
growth mindset
What is a growth mindset?
Individuals who have a
fixed mindset
believe their intelligence, grit and talents are simply inborn traits (Dweck, 2010).

In contrast, those with
growth mindsets
tend to have more grit, as they believe their success is based on their effort rather than their innate talents.
Teaching Grit
Students are taught about the different mindsets directly (Dweck, 2010).

Students write down something they were poor at and how they strengthened this weakness. They share this transformation with class mates, in groups.
Teachers encourage students not to be
ashamed of struggling, and mistakes are all part of growth.

The teachers do not judge ability of their students but collaborate with students to help them grow in education.

What personality traits do you think are associated with Grit??
Grit is highly correlated with the Big Five personality traits


Talking before acting
Delaying gratification
Following norms and rules
Prioritising tasks


Contrasts emotional stability and even temperedness with negative emotionality
E.g. Feeling anxious, sad nervous, tense.

Big Five Conscientiousness

The breadth, depth, originality and complexity of an individuals mental and experiential life.


Includes traits such as:

Big Five Conscientiousness

Includes traits such

Positive emotionality

Grit and Self-Control
Both associated with positive life outcomes and the Big Five Conscientiousness.
Grit and Self-Control

Von Culin, R., Tsukayama, E. & Duckworth, A. (2014)
Unpacking grit: Motivational correlates of perseverance and passion for long-term goals, The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice, 9:4, 306-312, DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2014.898320.

Zautra , J. A., Hall, S. J., Murray, E. K. (2008) Resilience: a
new integrative approach to
health and mental health research, Health Psychology Review, 2:1, 41-64

Any questions?
Correct answers!
1. Grit
2. Self-control
3. Perseverance
4. Hardiness
5. Conscientiousness


However, Grit refers to passion and effort sustained over years.
Whereas, Self Control refers to resisting hourly temptations.
(John, Naumann & Soto , 2008)
(John , Naumann & Soto , 2008)
(John, Naumann & Soto, 2008)
(Von Culin et al. 2014)
Full transcript