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Posterior Pituitary Gland

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Clara Scott

on 3 March 2016

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Transcript of Posterior Pituitary Gland

Posterior Pituitary Gland
Diseases and Disorders
Diagrams/ Pictures
called the "love hormone"
released during sex, childbirth, and lactation
targets: the uterus and mammary glands
the widening of the birth canal during labor are triggered by oxytocin
positive feedback loop
nursing triggers release of oxytocin
milk let-down
believed to have bonding effects
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
also called arginine vasopressin or just vasopressin
targets the kidneys
Vasopressin acts on the collecting ducts of the kidney to facilitate the reabsorption of water into the blood. Thus it acts to reduce the volume of urine formed (giving it its name of antidiuretic hormone)
vasopressin is stimulated by a decrease in blood volume and blood pressure
Oxytocin as a Therapy
research is being done on effects of oxytocin on those within the autism spectrum
may help increase perception of emotion --> empathy
could help with numerous psychiatric illnesses:
autism spectrum
social phobia
postpartum depression
Diabetes Insipidus
Characterized by excretion of large amounts of urine and extreme thirst.
It is caused by an insufficient secretion of vasopressin
Four types: Central DI, Nephrogenic DI, Dipsogenic DI, and Gestational DI
By: Maddie Smith and Clara Scott
Full transcript