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WHAP Ch. 17: The Transformation of the West

1450-1750
by

John Behnke

on 4 December 2014

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Transcript of WHAP Ch. 17: The Transformation of the West

More commercialization
Trade

=New goods
=Gold, silver
OVERVIEW:
Unable to restore unity but still had power

The Catholic Reformation worked against Protestant ideas, revived teachings

– Religious order founded during the Catholic Reformation
England
Civil wars = “Glorious Revolution”
Governments become centralized

France

Professional armies
Science sought answers:
Copernicus
Kepler
Vesalius
Galileo
pg. 389
The Scientific Revolution: The Next Phase of Change
Causes:
Inflation
Wealthy = Need new products
Trading companies
Colonial markets
The Protestant and Catholic quarrels
Religious wars during 16th, 17th c.

The Thirty Years War (1618-1648)

English Civil War (1640s)
pg. 381
The First Big Changes: Culture and Commerce
pg.380-399
Chapter 17:
The Transformation of the West
1450 – 1750

John Locke
Rousseau



= limited central authority
More ppl have no property (proletariat)
Anglican Church – Henry VIII
Late marriage
Nuclear family


Why?
More state power
Money
Society largely remains same
Louis XIV – “I am the state”
“l’etat c’est moi”
People can understand world
Lectures, easy-to-read manuals

Medicine = scientific

Gov’t research

Magic, miracles
Harvey
Descartes
Newton

Martin Luther – 1517
How? Why?
Leaders, ordinary people
Fall of Italian power
Spreads North
Writing reflects culture
Learned from Asia
Johannes Gutenberg
Common ...
Loyalty

= division in Europe
VERSAILLES PALACE
Katherine Parr
(Survived)
Kathryn Howard
(Beheaded)
Anne of Cleves
(Divorced)
Jane Seymour
(Died)
Anne Boleyn
(Beheaded)
Catherine of Aragon
(Divorced)
The Wives of Henry VIII
Government power
Commercially ($$$) active strong manufacturing sector
Overseas expansion, growing $$$ dominance = CHANGES
Internal conflict
Challenged medieval values and instigated the modern age

Humanism – A focus on humanity

Italian Renaissance
The Renaissance Moves Northward
Political changes
Changes in Technology and Family
Family structure changes
The Protestant and Catholic Reformations
John Calvin
Predestination
The Catholic Reformation
Jesuits
End of Christian Unity in the West
The Commercial Revolution
Social Protest
= protests
= tension
Science: The New Authority
Effects:
Absolute and Parliamentary Monarchies
Absolutism
Parliamentary monarchies
Word up,
my brethren
Changing political theory
The Nation-state
Innovation and Instability
Stronger gov’t = stronger economy
Family roles change
Political ???s
GLOBAL CONNECTIONS:
Niccolo Machiavelli
Full transcript