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by the Shades of Gray
Would you like them to stop?
Maybe it's time for Project Based Learning
So you might ask:
What is it?
What do I have to do?
What do the kids do?
What is PBL?
Projects are the driver of learning. Projects are not supplements to normal instruction.
Projects are complex tasks, based on challenging questions or problems.
Put another way...
Venimus, Fecimus, Diligenter
What do the students do?
Students choose a topic and identify a question to answer or a problem to solve within the parameters of the instructional framework.
Students design, investigate, problem-solve, conduct research, and make decisions necessary to answer their question or solve their problem.
Students design and create a product to communicate their work
What does the teacher do?
Teachers provide the instructional framework and context for the projects.
Teachers provide the scaffolding necessary for students to complete their projects.
Teachers advise students, monitor progress, and facilitate the projects.
The PBL Continuum
Do your students look like this?
E-tools and Project Learning
Manage projects and organize tasks
Intensity student engagement
Transform students into efficient learners
Examples of E-tools
Reuven Feuerstein identified 26 cognitive functions. He identified six that he calls core cognitive functions.
Precision and Accuracy
Control of Impulsive Thinking
When these (and the other 20) skills are underdeveloped, student's minds cannot mature, and they will be unable to successfully complete projects.
The teacher's role in PBL is mediate with students when she observes underdeveloped cognitive functions.
There are specific strategies to address the six core cognitive functions.
Excuses, excuses, excuses
There is no time to do anything more.
But we have to cover all the standards.
We have to teach with fidelity.
It will be a free-for-all.
My students can’t handle the responsibility.
21st Century Skills are important, but it’s not my job to teach them.
Projects will not prepare students for our EOC or SBA.
I don’t have the _____________ to do projects (technology skills, hardware, software, classroom space, administrative support).
There is a distinction between assessment and grading.
Assessment: The process of making judgements about how well a student understands a concept or developing a skill and providing feedback that will instigate improvement.
Grading: The process of assigning a number or letter that indicates judgement about how well a student has learned a concept or mastered a skill.
In traditional instruction, students often feel like grades are something that are done to them.
"Why did you give me a 'D'?"
Involving students in the assessment process is a strategy that helps them to be more responsible for their learning by helping them to be reflective about what and how well they are learning.
The following strategies can be used by teachers and students to assess learning.
Along with your other group members, read about the strategies and determine which you would use if directing Project Based Learning. Be prepared to share your reasoning.
Quizzes and Tests
What are the advantages of planning projects with a “results first” or “backwards planning” process?
Helps to focus attention on the knowledge and skills a student will master by the end of the project.
Helps to focus on the standards you want to address.
Provides a goal to focus on as you plan all the steps along the way (activities, technology tools, product).