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Determining Importance in Text
Transcript of Determining Importance in Text
: Building background knowledge of nonfiction text features
: mentor text, photographs from home or school
: Students record a different text feature on each page; a two-column class chart headed Feature/Purpose, which serves as a record for all students
Building Background Knowledge of Nonfiction Features
Becoming Familiar with the Characteristics of Non-fiction Trade Books
: Acquiring information about an interesting topic, asking some questions, and designing pages based on authentic pages in non-fiction trade books.
: Nonfiction trade books, student's non-fiction features book, paper, and markers
: prior knowledge form; question form; what I learned form 11 X 17 paper design (p. 161-162)
Determining What's Important When Writing Information
The Nonfiction Connection
Determining Importance in Text
: Becoming a specialist on a favorite topic, choosing what is important to include in a piece of writing, and writing informational teaching books
: Nonfiction trade books, magazines, and former student work, 8 X 11 construction paper booklets containing about twelve pages folded and stapled.
: Teaching books that replicate authentic nonfiction trade books, features and all. The writers write about their specialties, something they know about, care about, and would like to teach someone.
Coding Important Information on Familiar as Well as Unfamiliar Topics
: Discriminating between key topics and supporting details
: "Howling Again" from
Wild Outdoor World
: Two column note form headed Topic/Details; three column note from headed Topics/Details/Response (p. 168)
Sifting the Topic from the Details
: Reading persuasive material carefully to make an informed judgement
: "Should Cities Sue Gunmakers?" and article from
: Group discussion; a three-column note form headed Evidence For/Evidence Against/Personal Opinion
Reading Opposing Perspectives to Form an Opinion
: Determining importance, asking questions, and responding to historical fiction
: Picture books related to the Civil War like
Sweet Clara and the Freedom Quilt
, by Deborah Hopkinson
: Three-column note form headed Facts/Questions/Response (FQR) p. 172
Using FQR Think Sheets to Understand Information
: Using a guided discussion to understand important information
, by Paul Fleischman
: A guided discussion between the teacher and five members of a book club
Reasoning Through a Piece of Historical Fiction to Determine Importance
The "Big Ideas"
Activating prior knowledge
Noting characteristics of text length
Noting important headings and subheadings
Determining what to read and in what order
Determining what to pay careful attention to
Determining what to ignore
Deciding to quit because the text contains no relevant information
Deciding if the text is worth a close read or just skimming
Check out this blog!
Nonfiction Features that Signal Importance
Focus on reading to answer questions and important information!!!
Don't sweat the details!!!!!
Finding Important Information Rather than Just One Main Idea
: Understanding that there are often several important ideas in a piece of text rather than a single main idea
: A piece of like kind text for each student
: Three sticky-notes, each one coded * to mark three important ideas
: To notice and learn from primary sources
The Journey That Saved Curious George: The True Wartime Escape of Margret and H. A. Rey
, by Louise Borden
Making Students Aware of Primary Sources
: Noticing and selecting new information on familiar and unfamiliar topics
: The picture book
, published by the National Wildlife Federation, and a variety of animal books for independent practice
: Sticky-notes coded L for learned something new about a familiar topic, or * for important information about an unfamiliar topic
: Understanding that there may be a difference between what the reader thinks is most important and what the writer's big ideas are
: Articles from magazines like
Time for Kids, Scholastic News, National Geographic Explorer
or writing from nonfiction trade books.
: Response notebooks or graphic organizer (p. 178)
Important to Whom?
Important to me
Important to the author
Fonts and effects
Signal words and phrases
Illustrations and photographs