Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

TOEFL test preparation

No description
by

angie carolina fonseca

on 7 November 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of TOEFL test preparation

TOEFL Test preparation
Welcome to
Tabula Rasa Languages
TOEFL preparation, during the following tutorial sessions we will provide you with the tools and strategies for you to reach the required score in the TOEFL test

First part
WRITING SECTION
READING SECTION
However remember that in order to reach this goal, we will also need you to be disciplined and committed with the assignments and to practice at home the strategies we give you in the tutorial sessions
INTRODUCTION TO TOEFL
TOEFL -
Stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language, Internet Based Test. This means that the test is applied online at the test center. You cannot take the test from home, even though it is taken online. You have to register and go to the test center of your choice
TEST SCORES

TOEFL does not have a passing or failing score, the score required is defined by each institution requesting this test as an English Language Level evaluation. Hence, there are Universities, Schools, Companies, etc. asking for scores ranging from 50 to 110 points.
The latter scores are over a total of 120 possible points. Point distribution is as follows:

ABOUT TOEFL REMEMBER THAT
Integrated Writing
In the writing section of the test you will be facing 2 tasks, which are 1 Integrated Task (Reading-Listening-Writing) and 1 Independent Task (Essay). These are organized as follows:
At the beginning of this test you will be shown a passage which will be visible during 3 minutes, in order for you to identify the three main ideas they talk about.
Keep in mind that the reading passage will reappear at the moment of writing and you will have the passage always visible; not the same case for the listening passage, you will listen to the passage only once.
You will have 20 minutes to write 2 paragraphs based on the reading and the recording, this two paragraphs should be at least 150 words and up to 225.
These two paragraphs should be written as a report or summary and
not
as a text where you express your opinions or ideas.
Reason why you start you composition the following way

In the first passage summarize the main points of the reading.

The passage states that...
The passage supports that...

In the second passage summarize the main points of the listening.

On the other hand the lecture exposes that
Opposite to the article the listening establishes that

Part 2
INTRODUCTION
Within the introduction you need a;
1.1
GENERAL OVERVIEW
of the problem or situation given. You can even,
A)
agree or disagree about something
or

B)
discuss the positive and negative aspects of certain issue
FIRST ARGUMENT / PERSPECTIVE
2.1 Linking word
First of all
Firstly

2.2 Develop the argument
Develop a question and an answer about the issue
or
give a strong example or anecdote: Recent studies have…
SECOND ARGUMENT / PERSPECTIVE
3.1 Linking word

Furthermore
secondly

3.2 Develop the argument
Develop a question and an answer about the issue or give a strong example or anecdote: recent studies have…
4.1 Linking word
Finally
To summarize

4.2 Counter - argument or paraphrasing
4.3 Final opinion
Therefore, I firmly support
I support
I strongly disagree with
CONCLUSION
You can begin the overview with words like

A)
Nowadays
Through the years
World wide
B)

Over the last decade there has been an important debate about…

1.2
ESTABLISH REASONS/POINTS OF VIEW

which will be developed in the 2 paragraphs
You can use the following themes as a guidance to focus the two reasons or perspectives of your essay.

TOEFL PREPARATION PROGRAM
Class 1 – Introduction, Writing section
Class 2 – Listening section
Class 3 – Reading section
Class 4 – Speaking section
Class 5 – First simulation exam
Class 6 – Practice; weaknesses focus
Class 7 – Practice; strengthens focus
Class 8 – Second simulation exam
Class 9 - Final practice - doubts clarification
Class 10 - Final feedback
ESSAY, STATEMENTS SAMPLES
• Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television has de-stroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
• "When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success."Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use spe-cific reasons and examples to explain your position.

Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.


• Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.
LET'S GET THIS STARTED
The following tutorial sessions aim to prepare the students in terms of four language skills evaluated in the TOEFL test, speaking, listening, writing and reading. During this sessions students will have the opportunity to take two simulation exams which will allow them to test themselves.

For Writing question 2, you will write an essay in response to a question that asks you to state, explain, and support your opinion on an issue. Typically, an effective essay will contain a minimum of 300 words. Your essay is judged on the quality of your writing. This includes the development of your ideas, the organization of your essay, and the quality and accuracy of the language you use to express
your ideas.

The reading section measures your ability to understand academic passages in English, the passages are excerpts from university-level textbooks and similar academic materials.

REMEMBER
: that you do not need any background knowledge about the topics contained in the text in order to successfully answer the questions.
In the reading section of the test, you will be facing 3 to 4 passages. You can know from the very beginning how many reading passages you will have in the test just by checking the time on the clock located at the upper right corner of the screen; if the clock shows 60 minutes, this means that you will have 3 readings; in the case that the clock shows 80 minutes, this indicates that you will be facing 4 passages in the reading component
TYPE OF QUESTIONS
USEFUL PRACTICE VIDEOS
GENERAL TIPS
INFERENCE QUESTIONS
Remember that you will develop
the strong example to reinforce
the weakest position
Integrated writing sample
LISTENING SECTION
WHAT WILL YOU BE FACING?

In the listening section of the test you will be facing 6 to 9 passages, which are distributed in 2 conversations and 4 lectures (3 conversations and 6 lectures if you have a 9-passage test). These 6-9 passages are organized into 2-3 sets, as follows:

TIMING
TIMING: The time given for answering the questions is of 10 minutes per set. Take into account that the time does not run while listening to the passages, the time only runs while answering the questions; this means that in average you count with 36 seconds for responding each question.
PASSAGES
Conversations
: the average length of the conversations is from 2 to 3 minutes and they are based on everyday situations that may arise in a University – a student talking to a professor regarding some course or assignment requirements, two students discussing the topics in a class, one student requesting information from a University department,
Lectures:
these can be 5 to 6 minutes in length and they are based on a professor giving a class on an academic subject such as Astrology, Biology, History, Archeology, etc.
LISTENING STRATEGIES
The listening section requires you to do the following
FIND THE MAIN IDEA OR PURPOSE:

Each lecture or conversation will have a main idea or purpose. Find and note this theme, which is usually stated at the beginning of the discussion or talk
FOCUS ON THE STRUCTURE:
Pay attention to how the main idea develops. look for examples, comparisons, and cause-and-effect relationships
.
LISTEN FOR TONE AND ATTITUDE:
Try to figure out if the speakers are positive, negative, or neutral toward the topic

LISTENING SAMPLE QUESTIONS
EXTRA RESOURCES TO PRACTICE AT HOME
http://www.english-test.net/toefl/listening/
http://www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/prepare/quick_prep/

http://www.examenglish.com/TOEFL/toefl_listening.htm
SPEAKING SECTION
Questions' samples
Question 1

• Describe a class you have taken in school and explain why the class was important to you. Include details and examples to support your explanation
• Which place in your hometown would you take visitors to see? Include reasons and examples to support your response.


• What would be your dream job? Use reasons and details to support your response
Question 2
• Some universities require first-year students to live in dormitories on campus. Others allow students to live off campus. Which policy do you think is better for first-year students and why? Include details and examples in your explanation.
• Is it better to study for a final exam alone or with a group? Include details and examples in your explanation.
• Some people enjoy outdoor activities in their free time. Other people prefer indoor activities. Which do you prefer and why? Include details and examples in your explanation.
Question 3
• Announcement from the President
The university has decided to increase tuition and fees for all students by approximately 8 percent next semester. For the past five years, the tuition and fees have remained the same, but it is necessary to increase them now for several reasons. The university has many more students than we had five years ago, and we must hire additional professors to teach these students. We have also made a new commitment to research and technology and will be renovating and upgrading our laboratory facilities to better meet our students' needs.

Now listen to two students as they discuss the announcement. (Track 36)

Question: The woman expresses her opinion of the announcement made by the university president. State her opinion and explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion.


Question 4
• Animal Domestication
For thousands of years, humans have been able to domesticate, or tame, many large mammals that in the wild live together in herds. Once tamed, these mammals are used for agricultural work and transportation. Yet some herd mammals are not easily domesticated.
A good indicator of an animal's suitability for domestication is how protective the animal is of its territory. Non territorial animals are more easily domesticated than territorial animals because they can live close together with animals from other herds. A second indicator is that animals with a hierarchical social structure, in which herd members follow a leader, are easy to domesticate, since a human can function as the "leader."

Now listen to part of a lecture on this topic in an ecology class. (Track 46)


Question:
The professor describes the behavior of horses and antelope in herds. Explain how their behavior is related to their suitability for domestication

Question: How are the students dealing with the situation surrounding the guest speaker?

• Now listen to a conversation between two students. (Track 60)
Question 5
Question: The students discuss two possible solutions to the man’s problem. Describe the problem. Then state which of the two solutions you prefer and explain why.

• Now listen to a conversation between two students. (Track 61)

Question 6
• Now listen to part of a talk in an Economy class (Track 69)

Question: How is the concept of zero-sum games related to the study of economic systems?


WHAT WILL YOU BE FACING?

In the speaking section of the test you will be facing 6 questions, which are distributed in 3 types of questions: Independent, Integrated (Reading-Listening-Speaking), and Integrated (Listening-Speaking). The aforementioned distribution is organized as follows:


Preparation time: 15 seconds
Response time: 45 seconds

Preparation time: 15 seconds
Response time: 45 seconds

Reading time: 45 seconds
Preparation time: 30 seconds
Response time: 60 seconds

Reading time: 45 seconds
Preparation time: 30 seconds
Response time: 60 seconds

Preparation time: 20 seconds
Response time: 60 seconds


Preparation time: 20 seconds
Response time: 60 second

2 to 3 Minutes -
OUTLINE
25 Minutes -
WRITING
2 to 3 Minutes -
CHECK
THANK YOU FOR BEING PART OF TABULA RASA LANGUAGES
We have managed to prepare great number of students to pass the international exams and to reach the desired level of general and business English,we offer a wide variety of classes to meet the needs of our students.
You can contact us through...
+57-3188621583
3193191653
info@tabularaslanguages.com
https://www.facebook.com/tabularasalanguages
@tabularasalang
www.tabularasalanguages.com
Useful links to practice at home
Questions 1 & 2
Questions 3 & 5
Questions 4 & 6
Full transcript