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Transcript of Water
GWD is spread by drinking water containing Guinea worm larvae.
Article: Lester, R. (2011, October 19). The Water Crisis In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Final Revision. Retrieved October 26, 2014, from http://academic.stedwards.edu/globalsocialproblems/blog/water-crisis-sub-saharan-africa-final-revision.
Water Crisis & Waterborne Disease
Importance of water
Brain and heart -73%
Muscles and kidneys -79%,
Many countries are facing a crisis over access to clean water
Sub-Saharan Africa = An epicenter of the crisis
Weak governments lead to ineffective water infrastructure
Case Study: Mali
Guinea worm disease
A landlocked West African country
600 miles from nearest ocean
68% without proper access to sanitation
Water-related diseases account for more than 80% of all illnesses in Mali
Gov't initiatives: Decentralizing administrative bodies & empowering local councils to share water managements and infrastructure responsibilities
More efforts need to be done to safeguard and make resources available for Mali
Environmental factors amplify water stress
Increasing water privatization
4,000 children die each day as a result of diseases caused by consuming filthy water (United Nations)
~4 billion cases of diarrhea disease per year
Resulting in ~1 or 2 million deaths
~90% in children under 5
What do you think are some possible solutions for Africa's water crisis?
Shallow water wells
Drip irrigation for crops
Sanitation of water is not a high priority in the region
Lack of government involvement has a large impact on the framework of Africa’s water quality and supply system
The quality of drinking water is not regulated by the government
It would cost 45 to 60 billion dollars a year to repair and maintain the infrastructure
Government corruption and privatization of resources are factors in water distribution despite the United Nations stand that water is an individual right
A dramatic shift in the way government thinks about their citizens is necessary to see any change
Importance of Water
Maintaining body temperature
Allows adequate performance
Importance of Water
Dry mouth with a swollen tongue
Short term solutions
A bacterial infection of the small intestine
Causes watery diarrhea and severe dehydration
Usually spreads through water that's contaminated with bacteria, vibrio cholerae
If left untreated, it can be deadly. Especially people with low immunity.
Death can occur in just a few hours
Easily treated by re-hydration, which is why there are so many deaths in Africa - because of inadequate hydration
Long Term Solutions
Water purification stations
Having reliable sources of clean drinking water
Lack of water
Less than 10% of rainfall is available as surface waters > lowest conversion ratios
Frequently in droughts
Uneven water distribution
Destruction of natural habitats
Large areas of vegetation are cleared for agriculture and urbanization
Urbanization (population growth, more structure ....)
Oil spills (transported from Middle East to Europe/America)
Main energy source
Hepatitis A is a virus, or infection, that causes liver disease and inflammation of the liver.
Inflammation can cause swelling of the liver causing organs to not work properly, possibly leading to death.
Drinking untreated water is one of the main causes for this virus. Hence why this disease heavily affects Africans.
Drinking water has increased 19 percent from 2000 to 2010
About 6 million people in Africa are affected by this
4 out of every 10 people do not have clean drinking water
If Africa had a strong, structured government, do you think they would spend the time and money to prevent this water crisis?
If these solutions are implemented, how long would you predict it would take for any type of change to be seen?