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Transcript of Neurological Differences
Behaviors Associated with ASD
Strength-Based Approach to Treatment
Evaluates threat, emotional control, stress response, aids the hippocampus in memory
Improved memory for interest and details
Low tolerance for stress and anxiety
Memory (i.e., sending stored memories to the cerebral centers).
Logical, system oriented
Links the left and right hemispheres of the brain.
Significantly undersized, hindering effective communication between the two hemispheres.
Hyper-focus on details (e.g., numbers, pictures).
Missing the "bigger picture." being able to bring concepts together (e.g., facial expressions and events correlating
Executive functioning, problem solving, planning, impulse control.
Enlarged frontal lobe due to excessive white matter.
Become visual learners.
Difficulty with abstract thought.
Physical coordination, sensory and motor activity, anticipation of events.
Excessive white matter.
Need for routine, become expert at tasks.
Unsteady, delayed physical coordination, anxiety surrounding sudden change.
Autism Research Center
Dr. Simon Baron Cohen
Discovery of Gender-Gene Differences
Treatment & Intervention
"Interests represent safety, boundaries, and a measure of control. To punish a child (adult) by removing the cherished interest is, in essence, to strip the individual of him or herself, and his or her source of comfort, soothing and strength. Interests are more than hobbies or pastimes. Interests help them relate to the world. ”
Mary Ann Winters-Messiers, PhD; Strength-based model of Asperger's Syndrome - Based on special interest areas
Temple Grandin, PhD.
"My hearing is like having sound amplifiers set on maximum loudness."
Engineering to Consider
Significant delays or lack of vocalization or language.
Difficulties expressing needs and wants.
Echos words or phrases.
Uses gestures or pointing as a means of communicating.
Lack of spontaneous or imaginative play.
Lack of imitation.
Does not Seek out social interactions.
Unexplained behavior (e.g., laughing, crying)
Does not develop typical peer relationships
Avoid eye contact
Prefers to be alone
Proximity (i.e., aversion to individuals being to close)
Restricted repertoire repetitive type behaviors
Insistence on sameness
Obsessive attachment to objects
Spinning objects or self
Unusual "play" type behavior (e.g., lining up items)
Lacking the ability to percieve real dangers
Engineering to Consider
Safety objects and routines
"A Special interest enables them to achieve quite extraordinary levels of performance "
Hans Asperger - Co-founder of Autism/Asperger's
Organization, counting, ordering
High Levels of socialization
Visual stimuli (e.g., lights)
Functional Communication Training (FCT)
Preparation for transitions
Visual rewards or incentive programs (e.g., token system)
"As the individual shared their special interests with others, their self-esteem increased, body language and communication skills improved, while their self-stimulation distracting decreased."
Thomas Armstrong Ph.D. - Neurodiversity; pg. 68-69
Armstrong, T.; Neurodiversity: Discovering the the extraordinary gifts
of autism, adhd, dyslexia and other brain differences; DeCapo
Dawson, G., Levy, S.; Autistic spectrum disorder: Diagnosis and
management involving time and patiences: Harvard Mental Health,
Herbert, W.; Extraordinary perceptions: Scientific American MIND,
McCord, B., Thompson, R., & Iwata, B.; Functional analysis of self-injury
associated with transitions. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2001
Ramachandran, V.S., Oberman, L.M.; Broken Mirrors: Theory of Autism.
Autism Society of America: www.autism-society.org
Autism Speaks: www.autismspeaks.org
Autistic Self-advocacy Network: www.autisticadvocacy.org
National Autism Association: www.nationalautismassociation.org
Autism Conferences of America: www.autismconferenceofamerica.com
Autism Research Institute: www.autism.com
: Autism Resources Utah County