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The History Of Jazz

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by

Jordan Rogers

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of The History Of Jazz

Migration of Jazz
Origins of Jazz
Jazz Fusion
Exactly what the name suggests
A mix of jazz and other genres
Genres include Funk, R&B, electronic, and rock
Started in late 60s with the cultural revolution and peaked in the 1970s in North America
Still has significant following in Japan and South America
Question 7
The musician ________was mostly associated with bebop.

a) Dizzy Gillespie
b) Duke Ellington
c) Billie Holiday
d) Louis Armstrong
The History Of Jazz
By: Jordan Rogers
Jacob Ulrich
Samuel Stull

What is Jazz?
Music of Black American origin characterized by improvisation, syncopation, and usually a regular or forceful rhythm
Example of Jazz
Jazz Today
Jazz Today
Brass, woodwinds, piano, and occasionally guitar and violin are associated with jazz
Some styles include swing, bebop, Dixieland, and free jazz.
Jazz was influenced greatly by the African slave trade
brought over musical traditions which involved many songs for work or ritual
It was created through the mixing of many popular types of music during the late 1850s and early 1900s such as ragtime, blues, African drumming, and folk
Glenn Miller - In The Mood
Development of Jazz
Works Cited
Birthplace of Jazz: New Orleans
Was the only place in the New World where slaves could own drums
During the early 19th century, many blacks learned how to play traditional white instruments which were used to imitate European music
This combined with the introduction of the Black Codes set up the distinctive sounds of New Orleans jazz
Question 1
Question 2
Question 3
Question 4
Question 5
Question 6
Question 8
Question 9
Question 10
Black codes:
laws passed after the civil war to limit black people's freedoms it often involved the ability to arrest "vagabonds" and put them in forced work programs. It also prohibited the use of drums throughout much of the south
.
Swing Music
It is a port city, so dozens of cultures were living together, each bringing their own traditions and music
In the 1920s, African American jazz musicians began migrating to northern cities

The culture spread to big cities like Chicago and New York
This created a sort of mixing pot of music which lent itself to the combination of these cultures and the creation of jazz
Developed during the 1930s
Got very popular due to convenience of radios
It was a blend of the ragtime upbeat feel with the rhythmic style of blues
Became synonymous with the Big Band Era
Tower of Power
Louis Armstrong
Born in New Orleans on August 4, 1901
Arrested on New Year's Eve 1912 for firing his stepfather's gun and sent to the Colored Waif's Home for Boys where he received musical instruction
Became a staple of jazz through his unique vocals and trumpet skills that influenced countless artists as well as introducing the idea of swing music
Developed during the 1940s
Had fast tempos, intricate melodies, and complex harmonies
Did not play for dancing audiences but for listening audiences
Not well liked by mainstream culture
Involved many improvisations
Duke Ellington
Improvisation
Born on April 29, 1899 in Washington D.C.
Had a passion for ragtime and started playing professionally when he was 17
Performed in Broadway nightclubs in the 1920s and formed a jazz ensemble
Had a powerful influence on musicians of the time and helped popularize big bands in jazz
When musicians play from printed music and improvise solos generally following the base scales to create works of music.
Defining feature of jazz and used extensively throughout it.
The Blues
Which city is considered the "birthplace of jazz"?
a) Baton Rouge
b) Chicago
c) New Orleans
d) New York
What is a defining feature of jazz?
a) Printed music
b) Tempo
c) Rhythm
d) Improvisation
Which of the following is a form of jazz?

a) Swing
b) Bebop
c) Dixieland
d) All of the above
Popularity of jazz increased in the 1920s primarily due to:
a) Teenage rebellion
b) More dance halls
c) Convenience of radios
d) Decreased instrument prices
Jazz was highly influenced by:
a) Industrial Revolution
b) African slave trade
c) Civil War
d) Labor Laws
Cultural Influences
Dizzy Gillespie
"A Brief History of the Blues." All About Jazz. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2014.
http://www.allaboutjazz.com/a-brief-history-of-the-blues-by-ed-kopp.php#.VDgHE_ldWSo

"A History of Jazz." Jazz History. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2014.
http://www.historyjazz.com/jazzhistory.html

"Birthplace of Jazz." Birthplace of Jazz. New Orleans Official Guide, n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2014.
http://www.neworleansonline.com/neworleans/music/musichistory/jazzbirthplace.html

"Famous Jazz Musicians." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2014.
http://www.biography.com/people/groups/famous-jazz-musicians

"History of Jazz | Black History in America | Scholastic.com." Culture & Change: Black History in America. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2014.
http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/bhistory/history_of_jazz.htm

"Jazz in America." Timeline. The Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz, n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2014.
http://www.jazzinamerica.org/jazzresources/timeline

"Jazz Fusion." Last.fm. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2014.
http://www.last.fm/tag/jazz%20fusion/wiki

"Musicians." The Harlem Renaissance. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2014.
http://historyoftheharlemrenaissance.weebly.com/musicians.html

Prato, Greg . "Tower of Power | Biography | AllMusic." AllMusic. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2014.
http://www.allmusic.com/artist/tower-of-power-mn0000013393/biography

"The Harlem Renaissance and American Music." All About Jazz. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2014.
http://www.allaboutjazz.com/the-harlem-renaissance-and-american-music-by-mike-oppenheim.php?&pg=2#.VDscv_ldWSo
Take The A Train
About overcoming hard luck, saying what you feel, ridding yourself of frustration, and having fun.
Originated from southern plantation slaves in the 1800s
Didn't really spread out until the 1930-40s
Eventually became very regional
ie. Chicago blues is different from Memphis blues.
Many prominent jazz artists were part of the Harlem Renaissance
Cultural expression across urban areas of the Northeast and Midwest
Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington both performed at popular, high class places such as Carnegie Hall and Broadway
Born on October 21, 1917, in Cheraw, South Carolina
Began career in the mid 1930s in swing bands
Developed a new form of jazz known as bebop
Mixed Cuban, Caribbean, and Brazilian rhythms in his work
Bebop
Emilio Castello, born in Detroit, began the group in the late 1960s as the Motowns
Played a fusion of R&B and funk that was heavily influenced by horns in traditional jazz
Worked with Elton John, Paula Abdul, Aerosmith, and many others bringing their jazz-funk to different genres
You Can't Fall Up
Jazz continues to be prevalent today
No one style dominates as it has in the past, but many styles are enjoyed throughout the world
Jazz has continually been mixed into other genres like pop, rock, and R&B by current artists such as Norah Jones, Diana Krall, George Benson, and many others
One of the most current new genres is a jazz-hip hop fusion known as jazz rap that incorporates jazz instrumentation into the rhythmic styling and beats of hip hop that developed in the 1980s and 90s
Notable artists that have progressed this genre are Prince, The Roots, and Nujabes
Which of the following is a jazz-hip hop fusion that developed in the 80s and 90s?

a) jazz country
b) funk
c) jazz rap
d) reggae
Bebop
Nujabes- Peaceland
______ evolved from African spirituals and chants and originated from southern plantations.
a) Ragtime
b) The blues
c) Free jazz
d) Swing
Swing That Music
Where did Duke Ellington perform?
a) Taj Mahal
b) Sydney Opera House
c) Washington D.C.
d) Broadway

Civil Rights Movement
Despite the danger due to segregation and discrimination in the 60s, African Americans still sang and played jazz
Jazz was particularly popular at this time
provided a dependable way to ease the mood
African Americans resented white owned record companies that controlled income
When did jazz fusion begin to occur?
a) Late 60s
b) Mid 70s
c) Early 80s
d) Mid90s
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