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Chapter 18 - Industry and Immigration
Transcript of Chapter 18 - Industry and Immigration
Industry and Urban Growth
Explain this cartoon
Typewriter - Christopher Sholes
Camera - George Eastman
Vacuum Cleaner - John Thurman
Coca Cola - John Pemberton
Sewing machine - Elias Howe
Electric lightbulb - Thomas Edison
Car - Henry Ford
Plane - Wright brothers
Between 1860 and 1900 - the government issued over 400,000 patents
Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty
-The statue was a gift from France to celebrate America’s centennial and to promote friendship
Immigrants were forced to assimilate
Eastern coast - Ellis Island in NYC
- Processed European immigrants
Most immigrants came on steamship in low decks crammed with people - called steerage
Journey to America
- Many people lived in tightly packed apartments called tenements
- Working conditions
Changes in the Workplace
- Most famous railroad baron
Between 1860-1915 about 25 million immigrants came to the U.S.
Streetcar System - Richmond, Virginia
New Technologies in Cities
- Rockefeller soon formed a trust, a group of corporations managed by a single group of Board of Directors (called trustees).
John D. Rockefeller
- Dominated the oil industry
Grand Central Station
Why was there an industrial boom in the east coast?
Transatlantic telegraph cable - Cyrus Field
Telephone - Alexander Graham Bell
- Used a process called horizontal integration
- His company, Standard Oil Company of Ohio, became the most famous corporate empire
- Morgan combined the Carnegie Company with his and formed U.S. Steel Corp. (the world’s first billion dollar corporation).
- He later sold his company to J.P. Morgan.
- Used Vertical Integration to make his fortune
10 story Skyscraper - Chicago
1st Suspension bridge
Subway system - Boston, MA
Trolleycar System - San Francisco, CA
Western coast - Angel Island in San Francisco
Processed Asian immigrants
Laws were passed not allowing immigrants and requiring people to be literate
Some people believed in nativism (native people are better than immigrants)
Ethnic neighborhoods formed
- It was shipped over in 350 parts and assembled by 1886.
- Due to a lack of money, France agreed it would build the statue if America would build the pedestal.
- It was designed by Fredric Bartholdi and Gustav Eiffel.
- Invested in railroad and iron business. By 28, he ruled the steel industry
Section 2 - City Life