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Bullying, Conflict Resolution, Peer Mediation

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by

Danielle Vitalone

on 25 October 2012

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Transcript of Bullying, Conflict Resolution, Peer Mediation

Resources for Teachers:
-most youth don’t have thoughts of suicide
-kids however are at risk of suicide because of bullying and other factors i.e. depression, and problems at home Bullying and Suicide Linked:
-increase use of tobacco, alcohol, other drugs
-increased mental health problems
-miss/skip school Bystanders: -unexplainable injuries
-lost/ destroyed belongings
-”feeling sick” constantly
-changes of eating habits
-difficulty sleeping
-decline in grades
-avoiding social situations
-decrease in self-esteem Signs of Bullying: -perceived as being different
-perceived as weak and unable to defend self
-depressed and anxious
-less popular
-health complaints
-decreased academic achievement
- Children at Risk of Being Bullied and Kids who are bullied Drugs, alcohol, skip school, in-person bullying, unwilling to attend school, receive poor grads, low self-esteem, health problems.
Prevention:
Beware of what children are doing online.
Establish rules of technology.
Understand school rules. Effects of Cyber Bullying: Bullying that takes place using electronic technology (cell phones, computers, social media sites).
Why is it Different?
Can happen more frequently.
Things posted and shown to a wide audience and impossible to trace a source. Cyber Bullying: -Well connected, social power, dominate
-are aggressive and easily frustrated
-abuse alcohol and drugs
-fight/ vandalism
-criminal convictions as adults
-abusive towards romantic partners
-less parental involvement
-difficulty following rules
-violence is positive Children at Risk of Bullying and Kids Who Bully:
Segal, J., & Smith, M. (2012). Conflict resolution skills. Help
Guide. Retrieved from
http://www.helpguide.org/mental/eq8_conflict_resolution.htm

Study Guides and Strategies. (2012). Peer
meditation. Cooperative Learning Series.
Retrieved from
http://www.studygs.net/peermed.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services. (2012). What is bullying? Stop
Bullying. Retrieved from
http://www.stopbullying.gov/what-is-
bullying/definition/index.html References: stopbullying.gov

http://www.teachersfirst.com/spectopics/bullyingandcyberbullyingprevention.cfm

Bully 911 DVD

Bully proof Your Child for Life by: Joel Haber and Jenna Glatzer Resources for Teachers: Do you think bullying is a problem is schools?

How would you prevent bullying in your classroom?

What do you think is the worst type of bullying?

Do you think the conflict resolution skills (emotional awareness and managing students stress) would help with bullying?

Do you think peer mediation is a good program to have in schools?

Would you implement some type of peer mediation in your classroom? Follow-Up Questions: Mediators should reflect school's diversity including cultures, gender, behavior, academic social, race

Selection procedure and process should be publicized and include recommendations and self-referral

Commitments include continued skills development, willingness to co-facilitate sessions and mentor new trainers

Rejection or deferral should be sensitively explained so as not to alienate the student Peer Mediator selection: The team secures commitment and support This is from the school's administration, including agreements from all major school groups to follow this practice.

The team commits to long term buy-in: they preparation meetings, practice mediation skills, and continued research about violence, its causes and prevention

The coordinator acts as liaison between major groups, including: The leadership team, student body, administrators, parent groups, and outside trainers/professionals. Beginning a School Program (cont.) A period of planning is critical: Peer mediation has a foundation of student empowerment, and students are critical to all stages of development and implementation.

Students form a leadership team,.This is facilitated by an experienced, respected coordinator, and a few trusted teachers
Researches the basics of peer mediation, The system of conflict resolution and discipline are supported by administrative and peers.

Develops and publishes a clear vision This vision includes an overview of publicity, training, practice, modeling, and evaluation.

The goal is to educate various
communities of the school on
peer mediation, its expectations and limits toward building a commitment toward its implementation into a more
comprehensive peace-based curriculum. Beginning a School Program: Peer mediators do not "make decisions" but rather work towards a win-win resolution for both sides in order to avoid further trouble.
Administrators in charge of discipline incorporate this conflict resolution process into their strategies as well. The Process is Voluntary for both people: This is where students of the same age-group facilitate resolving disputes between two people or small groups.

This process has been effective in schools around the U.S. , changing the way students understand and resolve conflict in their lives.

Changes include improved self-esteem, listening and critical thinking skills, as well as reduced disciplinary actions and less fights. Peer Mediation is Both a
Program and a Process: Peer Mediation Students will be given a conflict resolution sheet and have to place the situations into the correct category on the sheet.
Then as a class we will discuss why each situation was placed in the specific category. Group Activity: -Listen for what is felt as well as said.

-Make conflict resolution the priority rather than winning or “being right”.

-Focus on the present.

-Pick your battles.

-Be willing to forgive.

-Know when to let something go. Managing and Resolving Conflict:


This includes:
facial expresses
posture
gesture
pace
tone
intensity of voice.
Nonverbal Communication Plays a
Big Role in Conflict Resolution:

-Key to understanding yourself and others.



-The ability to manage all of your feelings appropriately.
Emotional Awareness:
The Second Core Conflict Resolution Skill-
Hear what someone is really saying.

Be aware of your own feelings.

Communicate your needs clearly.  
Stress Limits Your Ability to:

-Being able to manage and relieve stress in the moment is the key to staying balanced, focused, and in control, no matter what challenges you ware.  
Quick Stress Relief: The First Core Conflict Resolution Skill- 1. A conflict is more than just a disagreement.
-It is a situation in which one or both parties
perceive a threat.

2. Conflicts continue to fester when ignored.
-It stays with us until we face and resolve them.

3. We respond to conflicts based on our perceptions of the situation.
-Our perceptions are influenced by our life experiences, culture, values, and beliefs.

4. Conflicts are an opportunity for growth.
-Resolving a conflict builds trust. Conflict 101:
A conflict occurs whenever people disagree over their values, motivations, perceptions, ideas, or desires.


 
Successful conflict resolution depends on your ability to regulate stress and your emotions.
Overview









Conflict
Resolution
in Schools
Build bullying prevention material into curriculum and school activities.
Train teacher and staff on school needs and policies. Educate Students and School Staff Establish school culture of acceptance, tolerance, and respect.


Staff meetings, assemblies, parent meetings, newsletters to families, school websites and handbook to create positive environment. Build a Safe Environment: Assess bullying in your school:
Determine how often it occurs, where it happens, how students and adults intervene.


Engage Parents and Youth:
Work together
Awareness campaign to make objectives know to everyone
-school safety committee As a Teacher: Prevent Bullying in School

Activities

interests

hobbies

volunteer

sports

chorus

youth group. Encourage Kids to do What They Love: What does bullying mean to you?

Describe what bullies are like.

Why do people bully?

What do you think parents can do to stop bullying?

Who do you trust most when it comes to things like bullying?

What do you do when you see bullying going on? Important Steps in Understanding
How the Issue Affects Kids: One good thing that happened today? Any bad?

What’s it like to ride the bus?

Who do you sit with at lunch? What do you talk about?

Talk about it directly (bullying). Keep Lines of Communication Open: Encourage kids to speak to a trusted adult if they are bullied or see others being bullied and report bullying if it happens.

Talk about how to stand up to kids who bully.

Say stop, give humor, walk away.

Stay near adult/ groups of other kids.

Help other kids getting bullied showing kindness or getting help. How to Talk About Bullying:
-most youth don’t have thoughts of suicide

-kids however are at risk of suicide because of bullying and other factors i.e. depression, and problems at home Bullying and Suicide Linked:
-increase use of tobacco, alcohol, other drugs

-increased mental health problems

-miss/skip school Bystanders: -Well connected, social power, dominate
-are aggressive and easily frustrated
-abuse alcohol and drugs
-fight/ vandalism
-criminal convictions as adults
-abusive towards romantic partners
-less parental involvement
-difficulty following rules
-violence is positive Children at Risk of Bullying and
Kids Who Bully: -perceived as being different
-perceived as weak and unable to defend self
-depressed and anxious
-less popular
-health complaints
-decreased academic achievement Children at Risk of Being Bullied and
Kids who are bullied Drugs, alcohol, skip school, in-person bullying, unwilling to attend school, receive poor grades, low self-esteem, health problems.

Prevention:
Beware of what children are doing online.
Establish rules of technology.
Understand school rules. Effects of Cyber Bullying: Bullying that takes place using electronic technology (cell phones, computers, social media sites).

Why is it Different?

Can happen more frequently.
Things posted and shown to a wide audience and impossible to trace a source. Cyber Bullying: Social Bullying (relational bullying):

-hurting someone's reputation/ relationships
-leaving people out on purpose
-rumors
-embarrassing people in public


Physical Bullying:

-involves hurting someone
-hitting/kicking/punching
-spitting., tripping, pushing
-taking/ breaking peoples things
-hand gestures Types of Bullying Unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a power imbalance.

To be considered bullying, the behavior must be aggressive and include:
-imbalance of power
-repetition
Making threats, spreading rumor, attacking someone physically or verbally and excluding someone form a group on purpose. Bullying Definition: Bullying

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdkNn3Ei-Lg Video: By: Danielle Vitalone
and Jessica Reed Bullying,
Conflict Resolution, and Peer Mediation Develop a core group of adults within school community to carry out and model the mediation program.

Oversee the selection, training, motivation, debriefing of mediators.

Serve as a trained mediator for co-facilitation and program start-up.

Establish protocol for intake and referrals.
Select and schedule mediators with case load.

Keep records and report regularly to all communities/stakeholders. whether via newsletters, web sites, ..

Keep current with literature and research. Main Duties Include: Social media improprieties

Relationship difficulties/harassment

Rumor and gossip

Cheating and stealing

Racial and cultural confrontations

Vandalism

Classroom or extracurricular disputes

Bullying, minor assaults and fighting Types of problems include:
1. Manage stress quickly while remaining alert and calm.

2. Control your emotions and behavior.

3. Pay attention to the feelings being expressed.

4. Be aware of and respectful of differences.  
The Ability to Successfully Resolve Conflict Depends on Your Ability to: -unexplainable injuries

-lost/ destroyed belongings

-”feeling sick” constantly

-changes of eating habits

-difficulty sleeping

-decline in grades

-avoiding social situations

-decrease in self-esteem Signs of Bullying: Verbal:
-saying/ writing mean things
-name calling
-inappropriate sexual comments
-taunting
-threatening and threatening to
cause harm
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