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The acropolis of Athens
Transcript of The acropolis of Athens
In this presentation, I´m going to talk about one of the most awesome monuments that has survived from the greeks: the acropolis
What is an acropolis?
The word acropolis means``high city´´, and was present in all of Greek cities. The acropolis had dual function: defensive, and religious, because in the acropolis were all temples in honor of the gods. The most famous acropolis is the acropolis of Athens.
The acropolis of Athens
Located in the capital city of Greece, Athens, the
acropolis is surrounded by a wall. According to the
myth, it was built by Cécrope, the snake-man, first
king of Athens. Most of the temples were built in
the five and four centuries b.C., the golden age of
Greece, under the command of Pericles.
Buildings of the acropolis
The acropolis had a lot of buildings, like
temples or theaters, but actually, only survive a few
of them. The importance of the acropolis is huge,
because through his buildings, we learned a lot about
his architecture. Now, we are going to talk about them.
The acropolis nowadays
The three greek orders: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian
Is the most famous and important building of the acropolis. It´s enormous (69,5 x 30,9 m), and is made of marble. The Parthenon have fifty Doric columns, and in his
frieze had scenes from mythology. This scenes are exposed in the British Museum of London. Inside the Parthenon, was a huge statue of Athena, of marble and gold, made by the sculptor Fidias, but the statue disappeared.
The scenes in the British museum
The temple of Athena Nike
Niké means, en antique greek, ``victory´´, because was built to commemorate the victory of the greeks against the Persians. The temple have Ionic columns, and is made of marble. Also, have scenes from mythology, in his frieze, as in the Parthenon.
Detail of the Ionic columns
This temple was built in honor of Erechtheus, king of Athenas, and Poseidón, the god of the ocean. Is known for his famous columns with form of women, called ``caryatids´´. For his characteristics, is a Ionic temple. Is made of marble, and, inside her, was the tomb of Cécrope.
Deatil of the caryatids
The theater of Dionisio
Lastly, the acropolis have the bigger theater of the antique greek: the theater of Dionisio, the god of wine and festivals. Had capacity to fifteen- seventeen thousand of people. Esquilo, Sófocles and Aristófanes, famous greek writers, premiered his tragedies here.
The acropolis, humanity heritage
Probably, the antique Greece was the most important civilization of the antiquity. His legacy has been enormous: art, science, architecture, democracy, history... A lot of works of the greeks, have disappeared. But the works that have survive, have allowed us to know a lot about them. For this, the acropolis was proclaimed, in 1987, humanity heritage by the UNESCO
I hope that you enjoy the presentation and learn something about the acropolis and the antique greeks