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French Fashion Timeline

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Kaylea Green

on 13 January 2012

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Transcript of French Fashion Timeline

1913 Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel opens boutique in Deauville, France; revolutionizes and democratizes women's fashion with tailored suits, chain-belted jerseys, quilted handbags; the most copied fashion designer in history. 1914-1918 World War I prompts women to work in factories, officies; women wear pants; military cut influences clothes. 1920s Early 20s
Women participate in sports,
prompting new styles, including the "Flapper."
Madeleine Vionnet creates flowing, feminine clothes, including the chiffon handkerchief dress; creates cowl neck, halter top; set trends in 1930s. Late 20s
Elsa Schiaparelli opens Paris boutique; pioneers use of zippers, shoulder pads, unusual buttons; favors bright colors, including "shocking pink." 1930s
Alix "Madame" Grès becomes famous for elegant draped dresses 1947 Christian Dior reestablishes
Paris as fashion center; revives haute couture; replaces wartime austerity with the glamour of the "New Look" with tight waist, stiff petticoats, billowing skirts. Shoes have pointed toes, stiletto heels. 1954 Cristóbal Balenciaga introduces "semi-fit" dresses
with soft, round shoulders 1960s Mid 60s
Influenced by rock music, "Mod" scene makes London major fashion center with fun, revolutionary clothes: bell bottoms, psychedelic prints, wild colors, dresses made of vinyl, paper, cellophane, metal, covered in mirrors; go-go boots; ruffled shirts for men; Nehru jackets; fur vests
Rudi Gernreich creates "radical" fashion - topless swimsuit, see-through blouse, "no bra" look

1968 Calvin Klein begins producing elegant, simple clothes, favoring neural earth tones and luxurious fabrics.

Ralph Lauren creates men's wear line; expands into women's wear; favors natural fabrics; designs feature western or country motifs. 1974 Giorgio Armani creates men's wear line;
popularizes Italian tailoring. 1990s Late 90s

Alexander McQueen emerges as daring new designer; features cozy, romantic designs, dresses looking like quilt blankets, rabbit-skin dresses; favors highly theatrical fashion shows, models parade in rings of fire, get doused with paint or water, skate on real ice
Stella McCartney, at Cloé fashion house
gains following with daring new designs
1950 References





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