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Short and long term causes of the Abyssinian Crisis
Transcript of Short and long term causes of the Abyssinian Crisis
Long Term Causes
The Paris Peace Conferences
Italy was promised several commitments by the Allied Powers, and the main promise was a great amount of land. However, this was not given to them as originally promised. This angered the Italians and they felt that they were treated without respect. The invasion was a way of the Italians to provoke the Allies, as well as to receive the land which they had wanted.
2. Overpopulation in Italy.
Italy was becoming more and more populated during this time, and extra amount of land would be very beneficial for them.
The Abyssinian Crisis
In 1935, Italy invaded Abyssinia due to the ongoing conflict that was occurring amongst Italy and Ethiopia.
Both were members of the League of Nations, therefore, the issue was appealed to the League's settlement.
There were several different short and long term occurrences which resulted in the Italian invasion to Abyssinia.
. Desire for colonies and militarism
At the time, Ethiopia was not colonized, and there were talks of natural resources present in that area.
4. Battle of Adowa in 1896
A battle between Ethiopia and Italy in Adowa, a city in Tigray, Ethiopia.
The Ethiopians defeated the Italians, which symbolized the biggest defeat against a European country in Africa.
Mussolini was humiliated, therefore he used Fascist propaganda in order to regain his pride.
Short Term Causes
1. The Wal-Wal Incident
Wal Wal was a fort located 70 kilometers inside Abyssinia.
In December 1934, there was a clash between Italian and Abyssinian troops.
Due to this incident, several Italian soldiers were killed and Italy requested an apology from Abyssinia.
As a response, Abyssinia appealed to the League of Nations to take care of the situation.
As the League was trying to solve the conflict, Mussolini prepared for an invasion, which eventually took place in October 1935.