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Fairy tales & Fables

English Literature
by

Tuổi Đôi Mươi

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Fairy tales & Fables

FAIRY TALES & FABLES
Thesis:
_GROUP5_
Le Ngoc Anh
Vu Thi Thanh
Vu Thi Theu

When encountering fairy tale characters, the reader seldom sympathizes with the female villain; however, upon further investigation, query, and a little imagination, one may discover that the female villain may not be inherently wicked, but terribly misunderstood.
The Aged Fairy
OUTLINE
1. Definition
2. Elements
3. Origins
4. Classification of Fairy Tales
5. Compare/Contrast Fairy tales & Fables
6. Some famous works & analysis
7. Game
1. DEFINITION
a, Fairy tale
- sub-class of folktale
- Short story featuring magic & including mythical characters (Fairies,
mermaids, witches, dwarves, giants)

b, Fable:
- Short story often in prose/verse
- Satirizing human behaviors and teaching moral lessons.
- Characters are animals, plants or inanimate objects speaking and
behaving like people.



Mermaids
Witch
Fairy
-"fairy" - Latin “fatum”
- appeared thousands of years ago.
- handed down through generations in the oral tradition.
- intended for adults as much as for children,

FAIRY TALES
ORIGINS
ELEMENTS
ELEMENTS OF A FAIRY TALE
- Special beginning and/or ending words
- Setting: castle, forest, town
- Character: good & bad
- Royalty: king, queen, prince, princess
- Magic
- Problem

Character Setting Plot

Theme Style

Tone







ELEMENTS OF A FABLE
DIFFERENCES & SIMILARITIES
BETWEEN F.T & FABLES
SIMILARITIES
-short stories for enjoyment of both adults and kids

-fictitious elements

DIFFERENCES
AIM
-F.T: amuse/entertain

-Fables: educate/civilize
MEANING
-
F.T:
a world of imagination
and fantasy-->up to reader
to get any messages or
just enjoys the fantasy world
-
Fables
: no hidden meaning
--> meant to convey a
moral lesson
CONTENT
-
F.T
: concerned with supernatural power

-
Fables
: concerned with many daily problems that people often face
CONFLICT
-
F.T:
always conflict between Good & Evil

-
Fable
: no conflict
FORM
-
F.T
: (often) in prose

-
Fables
: prose/verse
CHARACTERS
-
F.T:
fictitious creatures and magical items.

-
Fables
: animals given human qualities
ENDING

-
F.T
: always a happy ending

-
Fables
: a useful or moral
lesson is drawn out
CLASSIFICATION OF FAIRY TALES
Animal tales
wild animals, domestic animals,...
Fairy tales
Magical items, natural powers,...
Religious tales
heaven, evil,...
Realistic Tales, or Novelles
-Novelles:a short prose tale often characterized by moral teaching or satire
, i.e A man marries a princess/A woman marries a prince)
Tales of the Stupid Ogre, Giant, or Devil
Man kills Orge, Man outwits the Devil,…
SOME FAMOUS WORKS
In English literature, there is a famous author Oscar Wilde, he wrote 2 volumes of tales:
A House of Pomegranates
The Young King
The Birthday of the Infanta
The Fisherman and His Sol

The Star-Child

The Happy Prince and Other Tales
The Happy Prince
The Nightingale and the Rose
The Selfish Giant

Analysis of THE STAR CHILD
Two woodsmen were passing through a pine forest on a winter day. Suddenly, they saw
a falling star and after that,......

-->Lessons drawn out:
- - Don’t be too serious about the external appearance
- Have respect for the people who gave birth to and bring up you, even they may be
“ugly” and “poor” (like the beggar woman in the story)
- Parents should not pamper their children; otherwise, they become arrogant and selfish


- Close proximity to “wild & domestic animals” -->tell stories about animals who could think and act with “human motivations”
- having been used to enlighten & to teach conventional wisdom over centuries
- A tool to transmit cultural values
- Being "allegorical" in that they describe one thing while reflecting another (In other words, they depend on a 'literal' meaning, the plot.)

FABLES
ORIGINS
One day, when was playing with his friends, a beggar woman came. “Go away! You are ugly.”, the boy said and threw stones at her.


Ten years later, the star child grew up to be a handsome boy with skin like ivory and hair like gold. But he was very rude and selfish

One of the woodsmen took pity on the child, so he brought the baby to his home and brought him up with love and care.


However, what they found is a baby wrapped in a golden blanket.

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