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Algeria

Social Studies
by

Paige-Erin-Brooke Perb

on 5 April 2011

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Transcript of Algeria

Algeria Algeria is an country located in Northern Africa. The population is about 34,500,700 and the capital city Algiers has a population of about 1.7 million. In Algeria they use the Algerian Dinar, one Canadian dollar is about 75 Algerian Dinar. The official language is Arabic but a number of people speak French. 99% of the Algerian population are Sunni Muslim. Algeria is known for exporting oil. Algeria Timeline of Recent Protests December 29, 2010 People protested regarding lack of housing. Police became violently involved. Killed: 3
Injured: 800
Arrested: 1,100 January 29, 2011 10,000 people marched in the city of Bejaia. February 3, 2011 President Bouteflika said the 19 year state of emergency would be lifted in the near future in hopes keep away unrest. He announced that protests would be banned in the capital. February 11, 2011 Thousands of people defied government ban on protests and marched into the Algerian capital for a pro-democracy rally. The protesting in Algiers came just a day after protests in Egypt ended. Heavily armed police and security outnumbered the demonstrators greatly. An estimated 28,000 police were in the capital that day. Arrested: 400 February 22, 2011 Algeria's cabinet ordered a lift to the state of emergency. Washington, Morocco Board News-
"Where does Algeria stand on the Libyan conflict? As news of “some type” of Algerian involvement in supporting Mouammar Kaddafi keep resurfacing despite denials by the Algerian government, President Bouteflika must take a side on the Libyan fighting and spelled out its position vis-à-vis the Libyan revolution movement. While the Algerian people have expressed their unconditional support for the Libyan revolt and decried the massacres perpetrated by Kaddafi’s forces, official Algiers has been mum." February 24, 2011 Finally government gave into protesting and the emergency law was lifted. President Algerias president, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, has been in the office for 12 years. He is the 9th president and the people of Algeria want a change. Although Bouteflika was elected fairly, after having experienced his rule, Algerians are not happy. He has not fulfilled his promise to lift the 19 year state of emergency and because of this law, he can continue to stay in power for longer than his term. Protesting For over a decade, protests have been taking place in the streets of Algeria. An emergency law was put in place in 1992 which was the begining of the country's decade long civil war. Now that the war is over Algerians have been rallying for the law to be lifted and for President Bouteflika's resignation. It seemed as though the government was using their power for personal gane. Also the people of Algeria are protesting about suitable and affordable living essentials, freedom of speech, democracy and unemployment. Breaking News: Bouteflika and Kadhafi. Human Rights

The people of Algeria were denied the right to public assembly when police became violent towards their protesting.
While protesting, Algerians lost their right to freedom of speech. The End Bouteflika and Kadhafi Emergency Law A state of emergency or an emergency law is a declaration of the government that allows them to govern in ways different than they normally would. It can also be used to take away rights and freedoms that citizens would usually have. In Algeria, the law was put into place during the civil war in hopes to restore control over the country. The war was between an armed Islamic group and the governments military who refused to abide by the results of a recent election. However, in the past few years the violence has subsided but still government has not removed the law. This has allowed them to stay in power. From 1992 to 2011 Algeria endured the 19-year state of emergency which suspended citizens' rights. Elections Every five years Algerians 18 and over elect a new President. The elections are usually fair and well organized. President Bouteflika has been elected fairly each term but recently, people have changed their minds about him. They are not happy with the way he has been running things and he has not been keeping his promises. Many people in Algeria don' t have suitable or affordable living essentials.
During the 19 year state of emergency, Algerians lost the right to democracy and a fair and free world. Many rights were violated during the protests in Algeria:
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