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TOK Presentation

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Marie Solis

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of TOK Presentation

T.O.K Presentation
By: Victoria Ramirez-Solis
Knowledge Issue
To what extent is it ethical to use natural resources for economic self interest?
Hydraulic fracturing -
Original real life situation
My Personal Involvement
"To put a previously inaccessible reservoir of carbon from beneath our feet into the atmosphere, it also contributes to global climate change." -New York Times
"fracking cocktail includes acids, detergents and poisons that are not regulated by federal laws but can be problematic if they seep into drinking water."
Fracking Fluid
90% Water
8-9% Sand
dilution of hydrochloric or muriatic acid
more acids and scale inhibitors, such as ethylene glycol
potassium chloride
gelling agents
In the 2013 Geological of Society of America Meeting Governor Hickenlopper gave the prestigious Michel T. Halbouty lecture.

Hickenlopper being a geologist himself was excitingly pro hydraulic fracturing. Stating that the fracking fluid was like a fine craft beer. Safe to even digest.
Fracturing Facts in concern of economics
To date, more than 1.2 million wells have been fracked.
Fracking is key to unlocking domestic oil and natural gas deposits so vast that by 2035, less than 1% of our nation’s overall natural gas usage will come from foreign imports.
Fracturing and Ground Water
University of Texas at Arlington found elevated levels of arsenic and other heavy metals in groundwater near natural gas fracturing sites.

Environmental Protection Agency through the Los Angeles Times warned that wells near Dimock, Pa., showed elevated levels of arsenic in the groundwater.

The EPA also found arsenic in groundwater near fracking sites in Pavillion, Wyo., in 2009 — a study the agency later abandoned.
The EPA has noted that "Ground water contamination with constituents such as those found at Pavillion is typically infeasible or too expensive to remediate or restore (GAO 1989)."
Other Concerns
noise pollution
the potential migration of
hydraulic fracturing chemicals
to the surface
the potential mishandling of waste
Plastic Bottle Production
Production of plastics -not recycling
-Over 60,000,000 plastic bottles are disposed in landfills everyday
-consumer reasons
-Oil in great demand therefore increase in price
- Large contributor to mass management and environmental concerns

Done for paper, wood goods, etc
1. Soil degradation and erosion

2. Changes in climatic conditions

3. Destruction of natural habitats.

4. Destruction of a valuable sink for environmental pollutants.
Effects the global community
The End
Natural Resources
View points
Pro Fracking
includes government officials and others
Pro not fracking
includes EPA, and other environmentalist
Native's view point
Pro Fracking view points
Governor Hickenlooper
Steven Cohen
Fracking compaines
Good Enough to Drink?
Diné believe everything that is done must maintain balance and harmony. This is the way of the Holy People had taught.

Navajo Nation is currently trying to decide how to go about fracking.

Fracking is not manitian the blance because new life isn't truly created.
Blackfoot nation
Full transcript