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the dust bowl

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by

Adam Graham

on 28 November 2012

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Transcript of the dust bowl

The Great Dust Bowl What is the Dust Bowl? The Great Dust Bowl was the largest drought ever recorded in american history Why did the dust bowl happen?

What were the consequences?

What did the government do to try to help? Three main connections between the Dust Bowl and To Kill Mockingbird -Lasted an entire decade
- 2.5 million working people lost their homes as a direct result of the drought. They were forced to migrate toward the west to find work
-100 million of acres of top soil was lost
-Huge dust storms reduced visibility to a meter or less and made people sick
-Food prices rose
-Had drastic effects on farming, the economy and the lives of folks, including their health,all across the country
-Left people penniless, without jobs, businesses, homes and farms
-With no soil to plant, the farmers went broke and the economy went into a downward spiral Works Cited "Drought in the Dust Bowl Years." Drought in the Dust Bowl Years. N.p., n.d. Web. 23
Nov. 2012.
<http://drought.unl.edu/DroughtBasics/DustBowl/DroughtintheDustBowlYears.aspx>. -One of the worst weather crises of the twentieth century to affect the Southern Plains of the United States
-It affected primarily the Midwestern and Southern states and the southern Canadian prairies
-Many dust storms were produced in those areas
during that time
-It lasted an entire decade from 1930 to 1940
-The prairies had 57% less rain than usual
-Definition: A parched region of the Great Plains, including parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Texas, where a combination of drought and soil erosion created enormous dust storms in the 1930s. -Farmers used unsuitable european-style agriculture
-For 5 years prior to the dust bowl, wheat crops were at an all time high, so more grass lands were converted into wheat fields
-When the drought came, it dried up the mid western plains and there was nothing left to hold down the top soil because all the grass lands were gone -Bought cattle from bankrupt farmers and gave the meat to starving farmers
-Planted millions of trees to try to stop the wind from sweeping all the soil away
-Bought millions of acres and restored it to grass lands
-Financed research and programs to conserve soil and stop the dust storms
-Total cost of assistance from the federal government at the end of the drought may have reached one billion dollars(in 1930s dollars)($13,120,465,116.28 in today's dollars) -Nature had a powerful
effect on peoples lives
and livelihood -In the novel TKAM, the Cunninghams were in debt to the bank and risked a foreclosure like a lot of the farmers during the dust bowl.Atticus said "The Cunninghams are country folks, farmers, and the crash hit them hardest"(p.27). The Cunninghams made very little money with the farm and all the money was used to pay of there debt, like a lot of the farmers that were not hit as bad by the Dust Bowl. This was because if some suffered, they all suffered. -Government tried to help
the people -In TKAM, Mr Cunningham, Mr Ewell and others were offered jobs at the WPA. Farmers fleeing from the Dust Bowl were also offered these jobs by the government.
-The WPA was formed by the government to combat unemployment, by using the men to do unskilled construction and public works.
-Scout said '' Mr. Cunningham could get a WPA job, but his land would go to ruin''(pg27). This shows that the government jobs were available to people. However, people that still had good land wanted to farm instead of working a government job. -The poverty
affected all
classes of people - The Dust Bowl created high unemployment and this lead to a depression. This caused a chain reaction in the economy; when one link of the economy breaks, it causes the others to breakdown as well. In this case, the farmers had a series of bad years and there were no crops and hence no food. So food cost when sky high. As a result, all the people suffered.
-Atticus said to Scout in To Kill A Mockingbird,
'' professional people were poor because the farmers were poor'' (pg27). This show that everyone was poor. In "To Kill a Mockingbird", the Dust Bowl occurred at the same time the story took place. There are connections with the farmers such the Cunninghams, with the characters such as Atticus, and the setting of Maycomb. Amadeo, Kimberly. "The Dust Bowl." About.com US Economy. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2012.
<http://useconomy.about.com/od/criticalssues/p/The_Dust_Bowl.htm>. "The Dust Bowl." Filtersfast. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2012. <http://www.filtersfast.com/articles/the-dust-bowl.php>. "About The Dust Bowl." Modern American Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2012.
<http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/depression/dustbowl.htm>. Lee, Harper. To Kill A Mockingbird. New York: Grand Central, 2010. Print. -At the beginning of the novel Scout says that "as Maycomb county was farm country, nickels and dimes were hard to come by."(pg 27)
-Being within the regions where the Dust Bowl occurred, Maycomb was heavily affected and becomes a very poor town.
-The Dust Bowl had a major impact on the economy which caused Maycomb, like many other towns, to be extremely poor
-The Dust Bowl also caused changes in climate and agriculture in Maycomb.
-During the summer it would be hotter and there would be less rain than usual
-The Dust Bowl destroyed most plant life. Maycomb's land was mostly dirt and there was very little farming happening which had tremendous economic consequences for people in the town. Topic connections to novel Maycomb The Cunninghams -Atticus said to Scout in To Kill a Mockingbird that "the Cunninghams are country folks, farmers, and the crash hit them hardest(p.27)."
-The Dust Bowl destroyed crops and made farming difficult. The Cunninghams made their living by farming so when the Dust Bowl occurred it made it extremely difficult for them to grow crops
-They couldn't farm and as a result they quickly became poor and were in a lot of debt
-The land they had could not be cultivated, they were mortgaged to the hilt, and the money they had went to interest
-They chose to keep their land and not get a WPA job because it was their land and they didn't want it to be destroyed or lost
-The Cunninghams lived with little food and money, and while they were in debt to many people, they bartered for items with fruits and plants. Theme Statement for TKAM In times of dire poverty, all people are affected regardless of their social class or economic status This theme sentence it means even if your place of employment has nothing to do with farming you you will still be greatly affected because it is like a line of dominoes on falls down the others fall with it. As Atticus said"the professional people were poor because the farmers were poor"(p.27). So when the Dust bowl hit the farmers they ''fell'' down and started the domino effect and the other jobs started to fall down to one by one. So at the end every one was poor. The Workers -Atticus said to Scout in To Kill A Mockingbird, ''professional people were poor because the farmers were poor'' (p.27).
- Everyone is poor during the Dust Bowl and this lead to a depression. This caused a chain reaction; when one link of the economy breaks, it causes the others to breakdown as well. In this case, the farmers had a very bad year and there were no crops and hence no food. As a result, all the people suffer.
-For example, the Cunninghams had difficulty farming so had little money and Atticus made less because the Cunninghams weren't able to pay him with money, only with what they grew and had. This happened often with others and was a problem for folks.
-The Dust Bowl caused huge financial problems for the people of Maycomb.
-People took WPA jobs so that they could support their family ''Dust Bowl definition'' Dictionary.com <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/dust+bowl?s=t>
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