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Animal welfare and the law
Transcript of Animal welfare and the law
And The Law
Issues regarding animal law include areas of animal testing, pet ownership, hunting and skinning.
However, one of the most prominent issues that have created a need for reform is the live export of animals Conditions that give rise to the need for law reform: Technology The amended act of the Export Control (Animals) Amendment 2012 act has been developed in regards to this issue. NEW CONCEPTS OF JUSTICE New concepts of justice can depict these types of practices as inhumane.
In a just society, it is seen that animals have a similar capacity to suffer and experience pain as any other animal or human being in general. Animals shipped live from Australia can be confined on vessels for up to three weeks (504 consecutive hours)
High temperatures and poor ventilation can contribute to fatal heat stroke in cattle Technology has allowed for people all over the world to be exposed to slaughtering practices of live exports
Society has been exposed to unethical practices and voicing their opinion through sources of social media
It is possible for over 100 000 animals to be easily transported globally with losses only being slightly greater than if they had stayed in Australia
Over 60 000 media stories have be written regarding the mistreatment of live export animals in 2011. Changing social values: In a social and marketplace sense, consumer preferences are constantly changing
Individuals now focus on where these animal products have come from and how they were raised
Consumers now conduct their choices based on labels that indicate farming practices such as ‘Certified Organic’ and ‘Animal Welfare Approved'
A 2012 survey found that 78% of Australians believed live exports were cruel
74% of Australians are more likely to vote for a political candidate who promised to end live animal export Australia’s foremost national animal protection organisation
Represents 40 member societies and thousands of individual supporters
Has an unprecedented track record in investigating and exposing animal cruelty and for conducting world-first strategic public awareness campaigns
Addresses this issue through reaching out to governmental authorities
Pressures for new legislation phasing out the live trade. Mission to prevent cruelty to animals
Actively promote their care and protection
In relation to the issue of live exportation, the representatives of the RSPCA have put forward a bill in order to phase out the exportation of livestock,
Their actions are a reflection of the overwhelming public outcry to ban live exportation THE MEDIA The video shown is essentially the reason why ideas for law reform regarding animal welfare in live exports has been constantly suggested
This footage has revealed that animals who have been born in Australia have been exported live, only to be killed in countries where there are no protections to safeguard their welfare
Four Corners and other media sources have made it essential that all Australians are given the opportunity to learn about the truth of live animal export Agencies: Who implemented the reform?
Implemented through the subordinate legislation, with the purpose to amend the Export Control (Animals) Order 2004.
As of the 1st of March 2012, the reformed law, now called the The Export Control (Animals) 2012 had commenced. Who did they work with?
The regulatory framework was conducted along with a range of stakeholders including the domestic livestock industry, Animal Welfare Organisations and state and territory governments. WHAT HAVE THEY DONE?
In 2011, prior to the reform, the Parliament announced the suspension of live cattle exports to 11 Indonesian abattoirs, then soon following this, they have suspended exports to Indonesia as a whole
The Parliament announced reforms to the issue of animal welfare in live exports in October 2011. In response to this, the Australian Government created regulatory framework through consultation. Mechanisms: The Parliament and
Intergovernmental Organisations What have the changes been due to the reform?
Animals will be handled and processed at or better than the internationally accepted standards for animal welfare established by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
Movement of animals within their supply chain are to be controlled
Animals can be traced or accounted for through their supply chain
There must be independent verification and performance audits of supply chains against these new requirements The live export of animals is considered a recent issue of animal welfare, which has created the need for law reform.
Tortuous, inhumane practices towards innocent animals occurs yet today. Advantages to INDIVIDUALS Awareness and promotion of the issue, thus allowing individuals to become more involved within the matter and work towards enhancing and eventually abolishing live exports. The law reform provides a more effective, assuring and valuable alternative to domestic slaughter. Those who are employed within the live export industry have less problems to deal with due to the implications of the reform. Effectiveness: Advantages to the COMMUNITY Consumers are provided with reassurance and a peace of mind as they are knowledgeable of the manner in which purchased meat products have been produced ethically. The reform moralistically contributes, exemplifies and promotes societal values in equality and humaneness. It enhances Australia’s image portraying a nation that respects those who are deemed insignificant within society. It increases animal quality in exportation, decreasing the mortality rate of animal throughout the export journey, providing society with a greater quantity and quality meat produce. ADVANTAGES: DISADVANTAGES: Disadvantages to INDIVIDUALS Animal welfare is costly as individuals must provide their own money in the form of tax to cease the issue of animal welfare. Due to continuous support in animal welfare issue, other concerns are neglected or delayed, thus wasting time and money in order to support it The issue of animal welfare is still not considered a priority in comparison to other major issues that currently exists Disadvantages to the COMMUNITY The reform does not entirely ensure that everyone abides by it The reform is restrictive towards religious and cultural long-standing practices and traditions. Therefore, a limitation and prevention to the cultural celebration and expression of communities is placed. There is still an existing uncertainty in the procedure and process of meat products Overall, there are several advantages and disadvantages from the development of the reform applicable to both society and individuals. We believe that the animal welfare reform in relation to the live export trade – specifically the amendment of The Export Control (2012) has effectively achieved just outcomes. Addressing the issue continues to enhance live animal export and the enforces ethical treatment of these animals. Although, it has not been abolished, thus ensuring welfare of animals is achieved, live animal exports still continues today, in this manner it is consequently ineffective. However, the reform does serve as a step forward towards the welfare of animals, which is better than none at all.