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Plants and Animals in Detail

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Joiya Reid

on 13 December 2012

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Transcript of Plants and Animals in Detail

Plants and Animals in Detail Diospyros Mespiliformis Jackalberry Tree
The Jackalberry tree also has a mutualistic relationship with termits or more importantly their home. Jackalberry trees grow on top of the termite mounds.The mounds provide the tree with a source of moisture and aerated soil in heavy soil conditions. In turn the tree gives the termites protection. Diospyros Mespiliformis are found in the savanna biome. They can be found throughout Africa ranging from the Senegal to Sudan and from Mamibia to Northern Transvaal. Jackalberry trees prefer moist areas, so they can be found growing along river beds and swampy areas. The fruit of the Jackalberry tree is a favorite amongst the animals living in the savanna. The tree has mutualistic relationship with these animals: the tree feeds the animals and the animals spread the seeds of the tree. The Jackalberry tree is able to reproduce asexually by the animals spreding their seeds. Here are some major threats:
Ex:Increase of Elephants , grazing animals, between 1934 to 1959, caused the destruction of woody plants.
2. Land Clearing
Ex: Land clearing causing poor soil conditions.
3. Fires
Ex: In Australia , fires are lite annually. The fires may be lite to clear the land meaning destroying the vegetation in that area. Since Jackalberry trees grow mostly along a riverbed and other bodies of water, water pollution greatly effects this species. The pH of the water has the greatest effects on other plants including the Jackalberry trees.
An increase in pH deteriorates the phospholipid bi-layer, or cellular membrane. The proteins in the bi-layer denature and fall out. The cytoplasm then moves to the surrounding environment. Plants depend on animals for CO2 and H2O animals provide. Animals need the Glucose and oxygen they make during photosynthesis.
Some plants need animals for reproduction, or spreading their seeds. For examples bees pollinate for flowers.
Animals use plants as a source for food. For example Giraffes feed off of tress.
Plants provide for shelter animals. For example birds find shelter in trees and some smaller fish live on The savanna biome has a dry and wet season. In the dry season(winter) 4 inches of rain falls. In the wet season(summer) 15-25 inches of rain falls. The savanna can be found in Africa, South America, Australia, and Southern Asia. In the winter temperatures range from 68 F to 76 F(20-25 C). In the summer temperatures range from 78-86 F(25-30 C) Ailuropoda
Melanoleuca Giant Panda Giant Panda's compress their niche to avoid competition.
They only eat foods that are abundant in their habitat. They consume mostly bamboo which has little nutrients and energy.Meaning panda's are heterotrophs. The pandas are omniverous even though bamboo is their main food. they adapted to a vegetarian diet. To survive off of this little nutrient food, panda bears will exercise for little amount and rest more. Panda bears spend most of their time searching for food. When they find the food and water they will rest for most of the day; they will either climb a branch of a tree and rest, or become so tired that they will just lay on the ground. Giant Pandas live in the Northeast Asian Deciduous Forest. This biome covers parts of Korean, Japan, China, and Russia. This biome receives 20-40 inches of rain and has all four seasons. The average temperature ranges from 43-61 F. Threats to the giant panda include:
1. Loss of habitat
50% of suitable habitat for the giant panda shrunk in the years 1973-1984.
2. Loss of forest
The Panda bears' diet is 99% bambo, so a loss of foerst of forest means loss of food.
3, Hunting
Traps hunters set out for other animals like beats may trap the giant panda as well. The Jackaberry tree like any other plant is a producer. It uses photosynthesis to get its food.
The Jackalberry tree can cause some competitive exclusion between the species that want to feed off of its fruits.
This species has competetion between the other plants that grow along riverbeds and streams in the savanna.
Jackalberry trees perfer moist habitats.
They are autotrophs
Panda bears do not have many predators except for humans. They only prey on small animals like fish in some cases. They produe sexually. Their is a large population of panda bears in China because they do not have the energy for immigration to other areas. Radiation has become a big problem in the areas of the giant panda. Ionizing radiation is one type of the radiation happening. This type of radiation can break chemical bonds or form new ones. The significance of the alteration depends on the alterated molecues and the manner of the alteration. If the DNA is damaged, cancer could be an outcome.
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