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Transcript of history 1234
Motivation: Steam Engine
Existed before Watt's Engine, but not as efficient
Widely utilized after emergence of James Watt's improved engine.
Would like to know about Industrialization?
Negative Effects of the Industrial Revolution
and Its Factors
-Social gap between rich and the poor
-Poor working class grew sharply
- Factory work became unsafe
- Epidemics swept through the city; unsafe hygiene
- Ignored human rights
- Class tension grew
- Environment polluted
What is it?
New Thinkers Emerged
Welcome to the world of Industrialization!!!!
Where did it start?
Hyun Woo Kwon
Yong Ho Song
Do Hyung Kwon
(feat. Joo Won Park)
(feat. Cafe Benne Internet-Deleting our project)
Positive Effects of the Industrial Revolution
What is Industrialization?
The transition to
manufacturing processes in the 1740s-1860s in countries such as Great Britain, Japan, and the United States
Press Yes to Begin!
-Mistreatment of laborers (low pay but strict more working hours)
-England's population growth
-machines being utilized
1. Improvement in transportation: Rivers, Canals, and harbors suitable for building ports.
2. Rich in natural resources
3. Colonies in America (New England) and India
-formation of labor unions
-increased poverty and unsafe hygiene
-machines replaced people and people
-increased labor supply
What were the Industrial Revolution's positive effects?
What about other factors???
-produced healthier diets, better housings, cheaper clothing
-increased the production of goods
-expanded educational opportunity
-prospered middle and upper classes
-raised standard of living
Oh... Never mind. I have just
killed an useless piece of dog.
How technological development helped economical advancement
Improvement in technologies
automatized and quick manufacturing procedure
mass production of products
Supply increased. Price lowered.
4. Technological Advancement
5. Agricultural Revolution
Economical aspects during the time?
Scarcity - Since the demand for jobs increased and supply was limited, the "value" of job increased, while the one of workers decreased.
Choice - Employers had wide range of choice of workers.
Incentive - Since employers could easily dismiss employees and hire others, who were largely available in the market, the workers in the workplace were motivated in order to prevent the misery; they inevitably worked diligently and efficiently to keep their job.
Opportunity Cost - nations lost the "value" of preserving good environment by choosing to improve economy, which they view to entail more value, instead.
Traditional Ideas prevailing
Capitalism: Adam Smith
Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill - Utilitarianism
Charles Fourier, Saint-Simon - Socialism
Karl Marx, Frederich Engel- Communism
Capitalism vs. Socialism
, which represents no intervention of government with market.
Believed market works through changes in demand and supply.
Main thinkers: Adam Smith
Gap between the rich and the poor
and lived a
horrid life with extremely low quality
In contrast, the employers lived
an extravagant life
neglected the right of the laborers
Thinkers such as Marx found out this problem and wanted a
full control over the market, from production to sales.
Public own all factors of the production.
efficiency of competition
optimism toward human nature
Main thinkers: Marx, Engel, Fourier, Saint-Simon.
Utilitarianism - put focus on the efficiency of the individuals; proper course of action is to maximize the utility.
Main Thinkers: Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill.
People got discontent with treatment of employers -> Formed Labor Union and Fought for their rights -> Quality of life gradually got better
Factories leave profits -> Government collect some portions as taxes -> Money is used for public service, such as construction of infrastructure
How Geographical Factors Affect the Industrial Revolution?
<- Steam Engine
[24/1/13 10:12:04 PM] Junpyo Hong: http://ts4.cn.mm.bing.net/th?id=H.4763570582389439&pid=1.7&w=227&h=154&c=7&rs=1[24/1/13 10:12:16 PM] Junpyo Hong: http://ts4.cn.mm.bing.net/th?id=H.4826092385667223&pid=1.7&w=223&h=154&c=7&rs=1[24/1/13 10:12:32 PM] Junpyo Hong: http://ts2.cn.mm.bing.net/th?id=H.4798183729792437&pid=1.7&w=229&h=148&c=7&rs=1[24/1/13 10:12:44 PM] Junpyo Hong: http://ts3.cn.mm.bing.net/th?id=H.4779131227669478&pid=1.7&w=101&h=151&c=7&rs=1[24/1/13 10:12:55 PM] Junpyo Hong: http://ts3.cn.mm.bing.net/th?id=H.4555303318848478&pid=1.7&w=240&h=148&c=7&rs=1[24/1/13 10:13:02 PM] Junpyo Hong: http://ts4.cn.mm.bing.net/th?id=H.4987136491522147&pid=1.7&w=127&h=155&c=7&rs=1[24/1/13 10:13:08 PM] Junpyo Hong: http://ts3.cn.mm.bing.net/th?id=H.4772594280694450&pid=1.7&w=119&h=150&c=7&rs=1
- Easier internal and external
transportation of products and materials
Coal and Water to provide power
Iron to build machines and factories
- Had suitable climate for cotton industry, the main industry of England during industrialization
- England was able to export their products to colonies
Steam Engine - enabled people to put less effort and higher productivity.
Steam Engine Locomotives - easier transportation of goods and raw material
Inventions, such as flying shuttle, spinning jenny, and water frame boosted the textile industry
Cotton Gin enabled workers to clean a large amount of cotton
Farmers experimented new farming methods
Improvement in agricultural techniques
Less labor->farmers lose jobs->look for jobs in cities