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ser (versus estar)

when to use, which verbs go with ser, conjugations

charles poole

on 11 May 2011

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Transcript of ser (versus estar)

Ser by: Charles Poole +Yo estoy - I am
+Tú estás - you are
+El está - he is
+Ella está - She is
+Ud. está - you guys are (formal)
+Nosotros estamos- we are
+Vosotros estáis
+Ellos están - they are
+Ellas están - they are
+Uds. están - you guys are +Yo soy - I am
+Tú eres - you are (familiar)
+El es - he is
+Ella es - She is
+Usted es - you are (formal)
+Nosotros somos - we are
+Vosotros soís - you are
+Ellos son - they are
+Ellas son - they are
+Udstedes son - You guys are Vs. Estar by: Charles Poole Uses for Ser: To show possession: El libro es de Miguel. -> The book is Miguels.

To show origin: Él es de Cuba. -> He is from Cuba.

To show what material something is made of: La falda es de seda. -> The skirt is (made of) silk. To describe a person, place or thing (characteristic, size, length, religion, color, personality, profession, etc.). This description is something that does not change at all in some cases.
+She is American. In other cases, the change is gradual and slow.
+Ana is young. She obviously won´t be young forever but, since the change is gradual, we use the verb SER.

ghW/fg To express time, dates, days of the week. Son las cinco. -> It is 5:00.
Es el cuarto de julio. -> It´s the fourth of July.
Es lunes. -> It is Monday. To express location or position, WHETHER IT IS TEMORARY OR PERMANENT! Uses for Estar: EXAMPLES +Yo estoy en la tienda. -> I am in the store.
+Ella está conmigo. -> She is with me.
+Madrid está en España. -> Madrid is in Spain.

To describe a TEMPORARY condition or feeling of a person or thing. Tú estás enfermo. -> You are sick.
La puerta está cerrada. -> The door is closed.
Luis está cansado. -> Luis is tired.
La ventana está abierta. -> The window is open. The choice of SER or ESTAR can determine the meaning of the sentence.
+Él es aburrido. -> He is boring. (personality)
+Él está aburrido. -> He is bored. (temporary)
+Ella es nerviosa. -> She is nervous. (a nervous person)
+Ella está nerviosa. -> She is nervous. (at this moment)
+Él es viejo. -> He is old. (age)
+Él está viejo. -> He looks old. (today) THE END
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