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New Liberalism

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Humanities Department

on 28 August 2018

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Transcript of New Liberalism

Municipal Socialism & New Liberalism
'New Liberalism'
What is meant by 'New Liberalism' & 'Municipal Socialism'?
How did these influence the passing of the Liberal Reforms?
When and where did Charles Booth conduct his survey's into the lives poor?
'Old' Liberalism
In 1906 the Liberals won a landslide election victory under the leadership of Henry Campbell-Bannerman.
However, their election manifesto did not mention Welfare Reforms at all.
The only Welfare Reforms passed by the Liberals whilst Campbell-Bannerman was PM were Free School Meals and Medical Inspections
Campbell-Bannerman died on 22nd April 1908, paving the way for 'New Liberalism' to have more of an influence on the government.
'New Liberalism'

Several young Liberals emerged as key players in the move towards 'New Liberalism'
Herbert Henry Asquith
David Lloyd George
Winston Churchill
1. Who were the key figures in 'new Liberalism'?

2. Describe in your own words what was meant by 'new Liberalism'?

3. What do you think is significant about David Lloyd George's working class background?

4. How do we know that Winston Churchill was committed to helping the poor?

How much income per week was needed for a family to live above the poverty line?
What percentage of army volunteers were rejected on health grounds during the Boer War?
Why was the government worried about the health of the working classes following the Boer War?
What did Booth and Rowntree believe the main causes of poverty were?
Which do you think was more important in changing the government's attitude towards the poor? Reports or the Boer War?
Winston Churchill
HH Asquith
David Lloyd George
Winston Churchill
HH Asquith
David Lloyd George
Following Campbell-Bannerman's death all three were given prominent roles within the British government.
Became Prime Minister in 1908 following the death of Campbell Bannerman.
Appointed Lloyd George and Churchill to his cabinet.
Majority of Liberal Reforms passed under his leadership.

Herbert Henry Asquith

Working class family.
His father had died of pneumonia aged 44.
Determined to “lift the shadow of the workhouse from the homes of the poor”
In his early politics he had championed the interests of the poor at the expense of the rich;
He wished to help the class from which he had come.

David Lloyd George

In 1904 Churchill switched from the Conservative party to the Liberals as he was unconvinced by his party leaders desire for change.
An inspirational and ambitious leader.
Like David Lloyd George, Churchill was popular among the working classes and with MP's

Winston Churchill

'Municipal Socialism'
Throughout the 19th century local government had been forced to take steps and intervene in the lives of the people in areas of public health and sanitation.
In Birmingham under Joseph Chamberlain who was Mayor of the city from 1873 to 1875, provision was made for gas and water supplies controlled by the government.
They also cleared slums and introduced a city park system.
These reforms were designed to better the lives of the people of Birmingham.
Public works schemes to improve living conditions and public health had been established in the late 19th century, often set up and run by Liberals.
These small, local schemes raised the possibility of similar schemes being a success on a national level.
Therefore the Liberal reforms of 1906 can be seen as a continuation of this.
1. Explain in your own words what is meant by Municipal Socialism.
2. Where had local government schemes been successful in improving the lives of the working classes?
3. How did Municipal Socialism and New Liberalism help to change attitudes to the poor?
New Liberals realised that the working classes had difficulty saving for retirement, unemployment or sickness because of low wages which created a relentless cycle of poverty. The only way to tackle this was through government intervention.
Municipal Socialism describes local governments who tried to improve the lives of the working classes in their area by ensuring that all houses were supplied with water and gas.
These schemes in places like Birmingham, Manchester and Glasgow had great success in improving the lives of the working classes.
Local politicians involved in these schemes started to pressure national politicians to adopt the same schemes on a national level.
Old Liberals took a Laissez-faire approach to the poor.
The main concern of 'old' Liberalism was preserving free trade,
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