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Transcript of Slumdog Millionaire
• basic data
• differences between film and book
• analysis of certain scenes Slumdog Millionaire - The Movie British film
made in 2008
directed by Danny Boyle
adaption of the novel 'Q & A' resp. 'Slumdog Millionaire' (by Vikas Swarup 2005)
won eight Academy Awards 2008 (e.g. in the categories 'Best Picture', 'Best Director', 'Best Adapted Screenplay') Content Thanks for your attention!!! Film analysis by Franzi & Theresa 'I'll keep this simple: Cancel whatever you're doing tonight and go see Slumdog Millionaire instead.' - The Boston Globe 'Undoubtedly one of the best romances of the decade.' - The Sun 'There won't be many films in 2009 that are this vibrant or energetic.' - The Daily Mail 'an exhilarating ride' - The Independent 'Despite its elements of brutality, this is a buoyant hymn to life, and a movie to celebrate.' - The Times Basic data Torture by the police Police chase Jamal gets an autograph of Amitabh Bachan Jamal's mother dies in a religious riot Latika joins Jamal and Salim child beggar scene, in the end, Jamal and Salim manage to escape but have to leave back Latika the boys live on trains and struggle for money The Taj Mahal, the boys work as tourist guides Jamal searches for Latika in Mumbai, one of Maman's boys tells him she's a prostitute on Pilar Street They find Latika and are about to leave when Maman shows up, Salim shoots Maman and the trio goes to an abandon hotel Salim forces Jamal to go away as he notices Latika's preference for Jamal Jamal (now older) works for a call center, he finds Salim and Latika, Salim is now a gangster and Latika lives with the head gangster Jamal manages to get inside Latika's home by pretending to be the new cook. He wants to meet Latika at the train station but she is hesitant ("I love you!" - "So what?") Latika comes to the train station but Salim and his gang capture her Final question: Salim fills a bathtub full of rupees and gets shot
Jamal answers the question correctly Jamal and Latika at the train station, they kiss and there is a typical Bollywood dance scene the opening scene of the novel is quite comparable Salim, Ram's best friend, is a fan of Armaan Ali and gets an autograph of him, but the whole scene develops in another way The novel's scene shows many similarities, it has a different background (Juvenile home) Nita works as a prostitute in her brother's brothel, so you could say she's owned by her brother like Latika is owned by the head gangster the novel also has a happy ending: Ram and Nita get married Characters Jamal Salim Latika Maman determines parts of their lives Prem Kumar Policeman Film analysis - scene 1 Interrogation Quiz show Jamal's life present direct past past Jamal is sitting on the 'hot chair', a whole nation observes him. He is one question away from 20 million rupees. Suddenly, a sound announces the end of the show. He has to wait another day for his huge chance. Meanwhile, Jamal gets arrested by the police because he is accused of cheating.
While being questioned, Jamal narrates how he 'prepared' participating at the show for his whole life.
That's why the film is interspersed with a combination of flashbacks, present-day scenes and also foreshadowing. This combination is the most unifying device in the film. General differences between film and book film book The only sound we hear is the sound of the character; we see him blowing smoke into the other person's face. The colour is golden, emphathising the feel of money and value Lighting is a golden tone, the close-up leads to the impression of a very intimate scene. The audience can neither see what the person is looking at, nor can they understand the action Quiz show layout, indicates a link between the title of the film and its action, there is the typical sound of the quiz show 'Who wants to be a Millionaire?' The answer of the question is not given yet --> suspense is created This shot is repeated another two times within the scene, the sounds of the conversation are in the background. The shot causes confusion because the signification is not clear and can't be guessed from the context Minimal lighting from the background, gives the actors a silhouette This angle shows more of the setting, a light shining on the left shoulder of one of the characters
--> interrogation Red light indicating danger. There is the question of whether it is a method of torture or intentional , view from below (worm's eye view) Shot from an above view --> something must be higher, only diegetic sounds of the passing people and trains in the background, the scenery seems very natural In the background, we see Jamal being tortured. Nevertheless, there is a close-up of the policeman's face, a face showing emotions like sorrow and regret. The dim lighting contrasts to the orange and gold tones that appeared before Scene 2- child beggar scene general conception: Camera movement
• much of the camera movement is very shaky, especially in the big chase and suspenseful scenes
--> can be seen as a demonstration that life in slums is very unstable and somehow dangerous
• smooth shots cause a slow and romantic feeling (e.g. reunion of Latika and Jamal) Angle
• high angle shots: view into the entire shot
• low angle shots: show who has the most power Mise en scene
• colorful scenes, usually very busy, e.g. crowded with people, buildings and other objects --> reflection of the craziness of Jamal's life Lighting
• very bright and extremely colourful, even the scenes in the dark city are bright
• blue is the main colour symbolizing the escapist (realitätsfern) world Sound
• the sound enables the audience to further understand the scene
• combination of diegetic sounds (sounds that are in the action, like e.g. sounds of crowds or cars) and non-diegetic sounds (sounds which are added later, e.g. music and tension sounds) living on a train Latika at the train station first part: Interrogation and quiz show
• smash cuts accentuate the different areas Jamal is in; real life (interrogation room) vs. escapist life (Millionaire show)
• orange tone vs. nice blue tone --> shows the difference! second part: hanging torture
• jumbled cinematography --> shows real life ; yellow filter to show that the place is dirty third part: Police chase
• introduces the viewer into the vastness of slums --> confusion • The scene conveys an upbeat mood
• quick camera shots
• hip-hop music in the background
• hope and adventure • protagonist: Jamal Malik • protagonist: Ram Mohammad Thomas • Salim is Jamal's older brother, both boys are orphaned by the Hindu mob, live in a slum in Mumbai • Salim is Ram's younger friend, live in a Juvenile Home in Delhi • Jamal's love interest is Latika, a childhood friend from the slums who is forced into prostitution in Mumbai • Ram falls in love with a prostitute named Nita (in Agra) • Jamal's interrogation is conducted by the police, before, not after, the last question • The host (Prem Kumar) has no history with Jamal or his women • Jamal's motive for going on the show is to attract the attention of Latika, with whom he has lost contact • Ram's interrogation is conducted by Smita or better known Gudiya who he knows since his life in the chawl • Ram reveals that his motive for going on the quiz show was to get close enough to Prem to kill him for abusing the two women in his life (Neelima and Nita) • the trio is 'rescued' by a man they call a saint
• takes them to a place where he gives them food, drinks and a bed
• Salim becomes the new assistant an the boss over the children forced to beg for money
• Salim's desire to be the alpha-male becomes true
• although the question 'do you want to be a beggar or a man like me?', Salim decides to stick with Jamal and to run away from Maman
• they manage to hop on a train
• Salim lets go of Latika's hand establishing shot full shot long shot focus: change between sharp and blurred bird's eye view close-up/ point of view worm's eye view/ low-angle shot low-angle shot/ close-up foreshadowing high-angle shot point of view (Latika) / medium shot mobile camera/ tracking shot/ forward tracking shot (Vorwärtsfahrt) / reverse tracking shot (Rückwärtsfahrt) / parallel tracking shot (Parallelfahrt) / Crane (Kran) / Zoom • two main themes: love story and sibling rivalry
• slow motion when Jamal recognizes Latika
• emotional turmoil (seelische Qualen) of Jamal when Latika is captured destiny prevails.