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Global Issues: GMOs

An issue
by

Thomas Duong

on 14 February 2014

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Transcript of Global Issues: GMOs

Global Issues:
Genetically Modified Organisms

What is GMO?
Copy of DNA from different organism into the product
Altered product includes trait, usually to kill pests and weeds
Statistics
2/3 of the GM crops are from US
28 countries growing GMO
154 million acres of GM crops in US
Most of GM crops developed in the mid to late 1990s
Statistics
Common GMO crops: corn, soy, and sugar beets
Brazil and China both plant around 39 million acres of GMO
30,000 GMO foods found in an average grocery store
By: Thomas Duong
What is GMO?
Destroys a portion of natural DNA in crop, can cause mutations, biggest problem
More efficient for time, no spraying chemicals with trait
GM crops controlled by big agribusinesses
Use of chemicals went up while using GMOs by 527 million pounds
Causes
To produce food more efficiently/more money
Lasts longer
Less chemicals
To prevent wildlife loss
Solutions
Non-GMO
GMO
Helps third-world countries
Makes "tastier" foods
Makes them last longer
Solve packaging and transportation issues
More "efficient" farming
More money, not buying more expensive seeds
Buy more organic and non GMO foods
No cross-breeding GM and wild crops/weeds
Successful Programs
Monsanto
Dow
Pioneer/DuPont
Syngenta
Promoting GMOs:
BASF
Bayer Cropscience
Successful Programs
Opposes GMO:
Non-GMO Project
Non-GMO Shopping Guide
GMO Inside
GMO-Free Europe
80% of food in the US has or is GM
Geography of the Problem
National
154 million acres of GMO
More nutrition in foods
Government supports GMOs even without testing on the foods
Iowa grows a large part of the GMO
To feed animals/livestock
State and Local
Big companies based in Iowa
Iowa grows lots of GM crops, testing too
Iowa doesn't label GM foods
In Johnson County, farmers choose GMO
Farmers market is popular and supported in Iowa City, North Liberty, and Coralville
Other Global Issues
Biodiversity
Climate Change
Water Pollution
Energy Scarcity
Hunger
Population
Education
Timeline
1973 - Man-made DNA is created
1980 - First patent for GMO
1994 - GMOs appears on the market
GMO is now widely used in the US
1998-2004 - Europe bans GMO
Doesn't label GM foods
Debate
Supports GMO
Opposes GMO
Statistics
Use of pesticide increased 15 times before GMO were invented
About a billion acres of land used for farming before GMO, now 4 billion
One type of GMO strawberries and tomatoes contained DNA from a fish
Safe
Lots of food
More efficient
Many health risks
Infertility
Toxin use
Money wasting
Debate
Support GMO
Oppose GMO
Lower biodiversity
Cross pollination
Even worse soil
Superweeds and superbugs
Beneficial animals die
Laws
Time saving
Same as traditional crops
Causes
Can grow in bad soil and withstand dry conditions
To make lower costs of food
Works Cited
Centre of Research on Globalization. "Global Research." Global Research. Web. 27 Jan. 2014.
Charles, Dan. Unapproved GMO Wheat in Oregon. Digital image. NPR. NPR, 30 May 2013. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.
GMO Awareness. "GMO Awareness." GMO Awareness. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.
GMO Compass. "Web-Tips." GMO Compass. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.
GMO Inside. GMO Inside. Web. 9 Feb. 2014.
Institute for Responsible Technology. "Institute for Responsible Technology." - GMO Education. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.
Iowa State University. "Johnson County Agriculture." Web. 4 Feb. 2014.
Non-GMO Project. "A Collaborative Initiative Working to Ensure the Sustained Availability of Non-GMO Options." The NonGMO Project RSS. Web. 29 Jan. 2014.
PBS. "Should We Grow GM Crops?" PBS. PBS. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.
Phillips, Theresa. "Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs): Transgenic Crops and Recombinant DNA Technology." Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, 2008. Web. 24 Jan. 2014.
Society for a G.E. Free B.C. "Really Great GMO statistics." GE Free BC. Web. 03 Feb. 2014.
Whitman, Deborah B. "Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful?" Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful? 2000. Web. 25 Jan. 2014.
WHO. "20 Questions on Genetically Modified Foods." WHO. Web. 28 Jan. 2014. <http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/biotech/20questions/en/>.
Bibliography
All throughout the GMO history, health and environment criticisms have been a problem for GMO companies
Artificial
Mutations can occur
Full transcript