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Global Issues: GMOs
Transcript of Global Issues: GMOs
Genetically Modified Organisms
What is GMO?
Copy of DNA from different organism into the product
Altered product includes trait, usually to kill pests and weeds
2/3 of the GM crops are from US
28 countries growing GMO
154 million acres of GM crops in US
Most of GM crops developed in the mid to late 1990s
Common GMO crops: corn, soy, and sugar beets
Brazil and China both plant around 39 million acres of GMO
30,000 GMO foods found in an average grocery store
By: Thomas Duong
What is GMO?
Destroys a portion of natural DNA in crop, can cause mutations, biggest problem
More efficient for time, no spraying chemicals with trait
GM crops controlled by big agribusinesses
Use of chemicals went up while using GMOs by 527 million pounds
To produce food more efficiently/more money
To prevent wildlife loss
Helps third-world countries
Makes "tastier" foods
Makes them last longer
Solve packaging and transportation issues
More "efficient" farming
More money, not buying more expensive seeds
Buy more organic and non GMO foods
No cross-breeding GM and wild crops/weeds
Non-GMO Shopping Guide
80% of food in the US has or is GM
Geography of the Problem
154 million acres of GMO
More nutrition in foods
Government supports GMOs even without testing on the foods
Iowa grows a large part of the GMO
To feed animals/livestock
State and Local
Big companies based in Iowa
Iowa grows lots of GM crops, testing too
Iowa doesn't label GM foods
In Johnson County, farmers choose GMO
Farmers market is popular and supported in Iowa City, North Liberty, and Coralville
Other Global Issues
1973 - Man-made DNA is created
1980 - First patent for GMO
1994 - GMOs appears on the market
GMO is now widely used in the US
1998-2004 - Europe bans GMO
Doesn't label GM foods
Use of pesticide increased 15 times before GMO were invented
About a billion acres of land used for farming before GMO, now 4 billion
One type of GMO strawberries and tomatoes contained DNA from a fish
Lots of food
Many health risks
Even worse soil
Superweeds and superbugs
Beneficial animals die
Same as traditional crops
Can grow in bad soil and withstand dry conditions
To make lower costs of food
Centre of Research on Globalization. "Global Research." Global Research. Web. 27 Jan. 2014.
Charles, Dan. Unapproved GMO Wheat in Oregon. Digital image. NPR. NPR, 30 May 2013. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.
GMO Awareness. "GMO Awareness." GMO Awareness. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.
GMO Compass. "Web-Tips." GMO Compass. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.
GMO Inside. GMO Inside. Web. 9 Feb. 2014.
Institute for Responsible Technology. "Institute for Responsible Technology." - GMO Education. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.
Iowa State University. "Johnson County Agriculture." Web. 4 Feb. 2014.
Non-GMO Project. "A Collaborative Initiative Working to Ensure the Sustained Availability of Non-GMO Options." The NonGMO Project RSS. Web. 29 Jan. 2014.
PBS. "Should We Grow GM Crops?" PBS. PBS. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.
Phillips, Theresa. "Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs): Transgenic Crops and Recombinant DNA Technology." Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, 2008. Web. 24 Jan. 2014.
Society for a G.E. Free B.C. "Really Great GMO statistics." GE Free BC. Web. 03 Feb. 2014.
Whitman, Deborah B. "Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful?" Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful? 2000. Web. 25 Jan. 2014.
WHO. "20 Questions on Genetically Modified Foods." WHO. Web. 28 Jan. 2014. <http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/biotech/20questions/en/>.
All throughout the GMO history, health and environment criticisms have been a problem for GMO companies
Mutations can occur