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Talk & Identity (340)
Transcript of Talk & Identity (340)
(e.g. Civil War discourse/southern culture Herbert Paul Grice (1913-1988)
- meaning (natural vs. non-natural)
- semantics (speaker's vs. timeless)
- conversational implicatures LOGIC OF CONVERSATION Cooperative Principle: “Make your contribution such as it is required, at the stage at which it occurs, by the accepted purpose or direction of the talk exchange in which you are engaged.” Maxim of Quantity: Information Maxim of Quality: Truth Maxim of Relation: Relevance Maxim of Manner: Clarity Who is doing the talking, how and why? INTERACTIONAL MEANING & IDENTITY 1. Strategic choices about communication construct identity 2. Pre-existing identities shape/construct communicative presentation 3. Helps to "make meaning": construct cultural or communicative reality Utterance:
2. occurring at a particular time/place
3. directed Units of meaning Content: conventional meaning of words/phrases Interactional meaning: meaning for participants in the situation in which the utterance occured Irving Goffman - "impression management" and
on-stage/off-stage behavior Literal vs. context CONTENT & INTERACTIONAL MEANING "Interactional meaning"
1. what was said
4. previous utterances Context: background information that shape how interactional meanings are assigned to what is said Content + context = interactional meaning Contextualization cues: cultural framings/expectations of communicative competence Speaker - meaning intended
Receiver - meaning assigned INTERACTIONAL MEANINGS 1. "Speech acts" 2. Frame 3. Relationship/Identity-work Core aspects of "self-hood"- stable and fixed WHAT IS "IDENTITY"? Postmodernism - identity is variable and managed Identities: stable features brought to communicative interactions and situated/managed through talk