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Group 4 FInal PowerPoint
Transcript of Group 4 FInal PowerPoint
It is also called "Land Art" and "Enviormental Art"
The landscape and the work of art are inextricably intertwined!
In other words, the art is a part of the land and the land is a part of the art. Earth Art By Jeni,Tyler,Marshall and Andrew
Group #4 Origins The Earth Art, or Land Art, Movement was born in the late 1960′s in the United States in response to the over-commercialization of art and the rising trend towards environmentalism.
Founders of the movement were disgruntled by the plasticity and artificiality of art. They wanted to get people out of museums and back into nature.. How is Earth Art Made?! MUD!! SAND Minerals! Plants! Dark Star Park Important People Richard Smithson- Most well Known earth Artist Walter De Maria,
and Gunther Uecker First Steps The artists below were the first to make a exhibit for Earth art together at the Daun Gallery in New York Running Fence Spiral Jetty Lightning Field Smithson,Robert. Spiral Jetty. 1970. Rozel Point, Utah Web. 23 March 2013. Married Couple
Focused on immediate impact art has.
Always flew in separate planes.
Paid for all of their art pieces themselves. Robert Smithson January 2, 1938–July 20, 1973
He was married to Nancy Holt
Born in Passaic, New Jersey
Attended the New York City at the Art Students League of New York from 1955-1956 to study painting and drawing
1967-fascinated by the sight of dump trucks excavating tons of earth and rock
This fascinated him and inspired many 'non-sites'
Non-sites are when earth and rocks are collected from a specific area then installed in a gallery as sculptures
September 1968, Smithson published
"A Sedimentation of the Mind: Earth Projects"
It promoted the work of the first wave of land art artists, http://x-traonline.org/issues/volume-10/number-2/at-the-lightning-field/ Marshall Hopp http://lenscanvas.com/nat-geo-top-10-larger-than-life-earth-art-installations/ http://webecoist.momtastic.com/2008/12/07/modern-earth-land-art/3-mud-man-and-moss-maiden1/ http://www.loupiote.com/photos/4184567426.shtml http://bethebqe.blogspot.com/2011/10/where-sidewalk-doesnt-end.html http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/dubai/8697231/Trouble-in-paradise-as-plumbing-problems-hit-Dubais-Palm-island.html http://slowpainting.wordpress.com/tag/lightning-field/ Tyler Stevens Christo & Jeanne-Claude ©2005 Christo Photo: Wolfgang Volz About Running Fence Crossed 14 roads
Designed to be viewed by 40 miles of public roads.
Designed for complete removal
Removed 14 days after completion
24.5 miles long
18-foot high fence
2,050 steel poles
2,050 panels of white nylon fabric Natural Background
Hits you with a instant impact. http://genevaanderson.wordpress.com/2011/04/07/wolfram-hissens-the-running-fence Nancy Holt Born April 1938
Famous for Public sculpture/Installation art
Holt has also created works in other mediums including film, photography and books Andrew Neuman Nancy Holt http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.arlingtonva.us/departments/Communications/images/image60660.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.arlingtonva.us/Departments/ParksRecreation/scripts/parks/DarkStarPark.aspx&h=246&w=328&sz=83&tbnid=VZgcWHM9jaq2VM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=120&prev=/search%3Fq%3Ddark%2Bstar%2Bpark%26tbm%3Disch%26tbo%3Du&zoom=1&q=dark+star+park&usg=__IdN692LNGmjZ1VYcciE6EJ2gFd8=&docid=zMQw-xzjoFRBiM&sa=X&ei=fEmAUdyOCempyAGHkoFo&ved=0CDkQ9QEwAQ&dur=353 Dark Star Park Located in Rosslyn, Virginia
Underwent construction in 1984
Built where an old gas station once was
Consists of five spheres
Two pools, four steel poles
A stairway and a large tunnel for passage
It also has a smaller tunnel for viewing plantings of crown vetch, winter creeper, willow oak, and earth and grass. http://www.arlingtonarts.org/calendar/featured-artists/nancy-holt.aspx http://www.landartnm.org/speakers.html Dark Star Park cont. The spheres in “Dark Star Park” represent fallen stars.
When you visit the park you can actually walk through the spheres and pools to get a closer up look at the sculptures.
The spheres are made of gunite.
“The sculpture is described as working with the concept of time and our relationship to the universe.”
August 1st is an important date for the park because on that date around 9:52 am the shadows align Walter De Maria Born October 1st 1935 in Albany California
He studied at University of California, Berkeley.
His early sculptures from the 1960s were influenced by Dada and other modern art movements. This influence led De Maria into using simple geometric shapes and industrially manufactured materials such as stainless steel and aluminum
De Maria became the drummer in the New York-based rock group The Primitives and an artist/musician collaborative group called The Druds.
De Maria is connected with Minimal art, Conceptual art and Land art. Its Land Art situated in a remote area of the high desert of western New Mexico
Comprised of 400 polished stainless steel poles installed in a grid array measuring one mile by one kilometer
The poles -- two inches in diameter and averaging 20 feet and 7½ inches in height -- are spaced 220 feet apart and have solid pointed tips that define a horizontal plane.
Changes and reacts to the weather
His best known piece http://gradness.iheartanthony.com/2011/09/lightning-field.html http://unitystoakes.blogspot.com/2010/08/getting-ready-for-my-pilgraimage-to.html Jeni Croy http://www.diaart.org/sites/main/spiraljetty 1,500 ft long
Smithson hired contractors that came and dumped the 6,650 tons of rock and earth into the salty lake
Construction started April 1970 and was completed within six days
The red tinge in the water is due to salt tolerant bacteria and algae
It is open for interaction; many tourists walk along it when it is visible.
The jetty appears in times of drought and is otherwise submerged. Spiral Jetty http://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/art-history-final-study-guide/deck/1658894 http://cindymindypindy.blogspot.com/2008/04/mud-salt-crystals-rocks-water.html http://impossiblecloud.blogspot.com/2011/11/notes-on-robert-smithson.html http://genevaanderson.wordpress.com/2011/04/07/wolfram-hissens-the-running-fence-revisited-screens-this-weekend-at-the-sonoma-international-film-festival—an-emotional-and-beautiful-portrait-of-a-project-a-couple-and-a-community/ http://genevaanderson.wordpress.com/2011/04/07/wolfram-hissens-the-running-fence-revisited-screens-this-weekend-at-the-sonoma-international-film-festival—an-emotional-and-beautiful-portrait-of-a-project-a-couple-and-a-community/ Sources http://www.c4gallery.com/artist/database/walter-de-maria/walter-de-maria.html Sonfist, Alan. Art In The Land: A Critical Anthology of Environmental Art. 1st ed. New York: E.P. Dutton, Inc., 1983. Print.
http://www.diaart.org/sites/page/56/1375 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://i179.photobucket.com/albums/w295/kathyk99/MossWoman.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.myspace.com/dongelicious&h=296&w=395&sz=29&tbnid=gnU8ROaS8pWrNM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=120&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dmoss%2Bwoman%26tbm%3Disch%26tbo%3Du&zoom=1&q=moss+woman&usg=__EylZOO1X-_aeol1ckz4QXoeozIw=&docid=uXf6mkF1nsSdXM&sa=X&ei=elWBUaOcOqfzygGzh4HACQ&ved=0CDwQ9QEwAg&dur=331 http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/photos/land-earth-art-gallery/