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Cross Cultural Psychology

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Transcript of Cross Cultural Psychology

Indians believe in respecting the inhabitants and the balance of nature. Their goal is to seek understanding and embrace the ways of nature. They only kill for survival and to protect themselves. Europeans have a different view and respect for nature. Europeans believe in hunting for sport and entertainment. Whether for food or trophy, hunting is an acceptable part of American-European culture even if the ends do not justify the means. Dexter Robinson A View of Nature Indians did not place a great emphasis on living arrangements. Plains Indians lived in modest homes known as Teepees. Teepees were a basic form of shelter providing warmth in the winter months and keeping them cool in the summer. American Indians are considered to be
more spiritual rather than religious, seeking the wisdom of several spirits as well as animals. Becoming one with their God American Indian Culture The culture of American Indians
was not readily embraced by European Americans. Indians were considered by many Europeans to be "Savages". American European culture was
considered to be elite to many people and is still considered by some to be a high class symbol. American European Culture Indians and Europeans came
into contact around 1492. Respect of Others Some American Europeans believed they were doing the work of God when asked
to exterminate the Indians and take their land. Divine Mission? Not! Indians and their Horses Indians were not concerned with the advancement of technology. Instead of transitioning to automobiles they preferred to commute by horseback. Home Is Where the Heart Is The automobile industry revolutionized the way Europeans traveled. They transitioned from horseback and carriage to a more conventional method of travel. The Advancement of Technology The American Indian
The American European

By Dexter Robinson & Boulus Dakramanji Over time Indians began to assimilate to European culture, much of which was accomplished through scare tactics, intimidation, deception and murder. The blending of two cultures Many European Americans place tremendous value on their living arrangemnets. The size, location, and cost of their home can serve as a status symbol in society. A House is not a Home Boulus Dakramanji Before Indians came into contact with Europeans and were introduced to Christianity, they did not recognize concepts such as sin, salvation, or redemption. Eternal Life? http://nwindian.evergreen.edu/curriculum/ValuesBehaviors.pdf

http://freshare.net/article/4_ancient_native_american_values_that_inspire_mainstream_culture /


Katz, J.H. The Counseling Psychologists. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications. 1985, p. 618. ICS References Time is linear and a commodity Respect of Nature Indians made it a point to include all people into the culture European Americans believe in aqcuiring property for their personal use. Inclusion Private Property The Golden Rule: He who has the gold makes the rules. Hierarchical Order of Life There is no time like the present Traditional Culture Non-Traditional Culture Comparison in Values Traditionally Indians tend to listen first before speaking. Words are considered valuable and wisdom is shared through them. When an Indian speaks, they must speak with a purpose. Non-Verbal Orientation Every part of nature has value from their fellow man, to the birds of the air, and even the buffalo they hunt. Storytelling, oratory, experiential, and observational learning were all highly
developed in Native American cultures. Seeing and Listening Traditionally Indians have been oriented to the present and the immediate tasks at hand. This orientation derives from the idea of actually being, rather than becoming. Orientation of the Present European Culture has selfish tendecies They believed whites were superior to other races. They also believed that Protestants were superior to other religions. Europeans believed that the earth was here for them to conquer. Europeans would often hunt wild animals until they decimated the population . Europeans place great emphasis on personal freedom. Whether it is freedom of speech, religion, or the press freedom has great value. Personal Freedom A Different View of Nature
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