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Transcript of Herero Genocide
Who are the Herero
Was it really Genocide? Masculinity as Basis for Genocide German identity
Conceptions of supremacy and superiority
"Natural and healthy"
Acceptance by Government and Military Command Masculinity Influenced Conduct Indiscriminate killing
"...completely destroy the Herero nation"
Men, women, and children
Terror on a massive scale Masculinity Justified the Genocide Construction of a "Race War"
Indiscriminate killing of Herero and mutilating of their bodies?
Soldiers not responsible for their actions
"Just" war Questions? Masculinity as Basis for Genocide German ideology
Ultimate goals: preserving German honor and acquiring land
Conceptions of power and control
Total elimination and destruction of indigenous peoples
Role of Women Masculinity Justified the Genocide Dehumanization of the enemy
Hereros = an inferior breed that deserved their fate ("baboons")
"Savage enemy that needed to be crushed"
Medical experimentation Masculinity Shaped the Tactics Emphasis on "hard" over "soft" power
General Leutwein = too "soft" and "feminine"
General von Trotha = "hard" "strong" and "masculine"
Connection to German honor Masculinity Shaped the Tactics International power dynamics
First war fought in limelight
Scramble for Africa
Acquiring more colonies Masculinity Shaped the Tactics Inability to deal with Herero rebellions
Avenge German deaths
Political and instrumental implications Gendered violence
Taking no prisoners
Mutilations Masculinity Influenced Conduct Bridgman, Jon M. The Revolt of the Hereros. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981.
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