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IELTS Writing Task 1

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by

Bobby Cox

on 17 January 2014

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Transcript of IELTS Writing Task 1

Notes
Introduce the graph
Bar chart- Yellow sheet- ex. 1
Bar chart- Yellow sheet- ex. 2
The focus of today's workshop
Assessment Criteria
Task achievement
- Did you do the task? --- Write 150 words to
describe
the information shown below?

Cohesion and coherence
- Does the content and structure
make sense?

Link your ideas together. Use a range of different linking/transition words to structure your text (i.e. Firstly, whereas, however, overall etc).

Lexical resource
- use a wide range of
vocabulary
and was it used
accurately
and
appropriately?


Grammatical range and accuracy
- did you use a
range of grammatical structures
and were they used
properly?
- Not just simple sentences
There are 3 basic you need to structure an IELTS Task 1.
1.
Introduce the graph
-

You need to begin with
one or two sentences
that state
what the IELTS writing task 1 shows
.
You can paraphrase the title of the graph, making sure you put in a time frame if there is one.

2.
Give an overview
-

You also need to state what the main trend or trends in the graph are.
Don’t give detail such as data here – you are just looking for something that describes
what is happening overall
.

3.
Give the detail
-

You can now give more
specific detail
in the body paragraphs.
When you give the detail in your body paragraphs in your IELTS writing task 1, you must
make reference to the data
.


The key to organizing your body paragraphs for an IELTS writing task 1 is to
group data together where there are patterns
.
To do this you need to identify any similarities and differences.











You don't need to write a conclusion for IELTS writing task 1. You need to write an
"overview"
of the information.

But why don't you need to write a conclusion? What's the difference between a conclusion and an overview?

First, a conclusion is really a final judgement, decision or opinion. This is perfect for the task 2 essay, but task 1 asks you to write a description without analysis or opinions. On the other hand, an "overview" is a simple description of the main points. It is a summary of the information shown in the graph or chart.

Second, a conclusion should be at the end of a piece of writing. An overview or general summary could go either at the end or near the beginning.

2 graphs- Bar & Line- Pink sheet


The given graphs provide information of Japanese tourists travelling abroad from 1985 to 1995 and Australia’s share of Japan’s tourism from 1985 to 1994.

At a glance, the trend of Japanese tourists travelling abroad shows a steady growth every year except for the year 1991.
It reached the peak rate during 1995, nearly 15.5 million.
The share of Australia in the Japans share market also followed the same trend.
The numbers of Japanese tourists who travelled abroad were, only 4.5 million in the year 1985, which showed a gradual steady raise in the following five years until 1990. It declined by 25 million in 1991 and remained roughly constant in the next two years around 12 million. Thereafter it increased remarkably in 1994 and 1995 and reached at its maximum of 15.5 million tourists in the year 1995.

Turning to the second graph, which represents the Australia’s share on Japans tourism, from 1985 to1994, showed a sharp increase in its percentage. In 1985, it was only 2%shoot up the next three years and reached around 5% in the year 1988. The next year though it dropped by 1% it regained its popularity, continued the significant growth in the following five years and reached at the maximum level in 1993. Thereafter it declined negligibly at the end of the given period 1994.

In short, Australia’s share on Japan’s tourism continuously raised and showed an increase of three times after a period of nine years, whereas, Japan’s tourists travelled abroad shoot up remarkably by an increase of 11.5 million people after a decade.

261 words

Process Diagram- White sheet
The top diagram illustrates the stages in the life of a silkworm, together with the approximate length of each stage, and the bottom flow chart shows the process by which silk cloth is produced from the silkworm.

Overall, the key points to note are that the silk thread is produced by the larva when it makes a cocoon in which it changes into a moth, and that one cocoon can produce between 300 and 900 metres of silk thread.

Looking at the diagrams in more detail we can see that the silkworm’s life consists of four stages - an egg, a larva, in the cocoon, and a moth – whose length can vary. This means that the total lifecycle of the silkworm is between eight and eleven weeks. It is noteworthy that the larva feeds on mulberry leaves for four to six weeks before making the silk cocoon.

After the moth leaves the cocoon, the cocoon is boiled in water and unwound to produce from 300 to up to 900 metres of silk thread. This is then twisted and woven into cloth. The silk can be dyed either before or after the weaving process.

193 words


Bar Chart- Yellow Sheet
The
bar chart

shows
the amount spent in thousand pounds sterling, on photogenic films, toys, CDs, perfume, tennis racquets and personal stereos by Britain, France, Italy and Germany.
(Option) Overall, Britain spends the highest amount in all six categories.

2 Charts (Bar chart & Line graph)- Pink Sheet
The
first bar-chart

represents
number of Japanese tourists travelling abroad during decade from 1985 to 1995 year.
The second line graph

depicts
Australian’s share of Japanese tourist market during the same period of time.

Process- White sheet
The
top diagram
illustrates
the stages in the life of a silkworm, together with the approximate length of each stage, and the
bottom flow chart

shows
the process by which silk cloth is produced from the silkworm.




The bar chart compares consumer spending on six different items in Germany, Italy, France and Britain.

It is clear that British people spent significantly more money than people in the other three countries on all six goods.
Of the six items, consumers spent the most money on photographic film.

People in Britain spent just over £170,000 on photographic film, which is the highest figure shown on the chart. By contrast,
Germans were the lowest overall spenders
, with roughly the same figures (just under £150,000) for each of the six products.

The figures for spending on toys were the same in both France and Italy, at nearly £160,000. However, while French people spent more than Italians on photographic film and CDs, Italians paid out more for personal stereos, tennis racquets and perfumes. The amount spent by French people on tennis racquets, around £145,000, is the lowest figure shown on the chart.

150 words (band 9 answer)



1. Introduce the graph: What does the chart show?
2. Overview / summary: what are the most noticeable features?
3. Specific details: reference to data.
IELTS Task Writing Task 1- you don't need a conclusion
The bar chart shows the amount spent in thousand pounds sterling, on six consumer goods, in the four following European countries; Germany, Italy, France and Britain.

On the whole, Britain spends noticeably more on consumer goods and is also the country that spends the most on each of the consumer goods listed.

Contrary to this,
Germany spends the least overall
, and in certain consumer goods (CDs, toys and photographic film), significantly lower than Britain. However, there are two products where Germany does spend more than France, and that is tennis racquets and perfumes.

Italy and France in the meantime spend roughly the same
. Italy spends just slightly more on personal stereos, as well as spending more on tennis racquets and perfumes. Meanwhile, France spends greater amounts on CDs and photographic film. Both countries spend the same amount on toys.

It is evidently clear from the data that the spending habits are significantly different in four of the well-known countries across Europe, and indicates that Britain clearly spends the most in all cases.

172 words
3. Specific details: try to write 2 paragraphs.
2. Overview / summary: what are the most noticeable features?
1. Introduce the graph: What does the chart show?
1. Introduce the graph: what does the chart show?
2. Overview/ summary: what are the most noticeable features?
1. Specific details: reference to data.
2. Overview / summary: what are the most noticeable features?
3. Specific details: reference to data.
1. Introduce the graph: What does the chart show?
Hints
Tips
&
There are 3 basic things you need to structure an IELTS Task 1.

1. Introduce the graph

2. Give an overview

3. Give the detail
1. Exam Format
DESCRIBE
a graph, table, diagram or data, an event or how something works.
150 words
20 mins
Paraphrase
Repeating what has been written, without using the same exact words
When writing an introduction for Task 1 and Task 2, paraphrase the information in the question. Students with a Band 7 or Band 8 can present the same information using different vocabulary.
Tips
Tips
IELTS Writing Workshop
One
by Bobby
IELTS Writing Task 1: 'details' paragraphs

1. Introduction - paraphrase the question
2. Overview - describe 2 main or general things
3. Details
4. Details

Let's forget the introduction and overview for the moment, and focus on the two 'details' paragraphs. Why do we need two paragraphs?

The answer is that this encourages you to divide the information into 2 groups, and hopefully this means that your essay will be better organised and you'll make some useful comparisons.

1. Exam format.

2. Assessment criteria.

3. Content, structure, useful phrases, and vocabulary.

4. Group discussions and planning for practice questions.

There are
4
sections to today's IELTS Writing Workshop!
Full transcript