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Learning Styles

Learning Styles, by Sara, Deb, Kristy, Madi, Cassie

Sara Bojar

on 11 June 2016

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Transcript of Learning Styles

Learning Styles
Scholars have tried to study and characterise how people learn, believing that this would be useful to help design individual curriculum for students (Litzinger, 2007). Whether or not there is validity in these claims depends on which book you read. One current textbook says that the idea of matching learning styles to students “remains unsupported by any known evidence and is simply wrong” (Hattie and Yates, 2014. p184). And in contrast another says, “planning for different learning styles in your classroom involves observing your students” (Herrell, 2013 p127). Regardless of the arguments for or against studying learning styles our anecdotal experience would suggest that there is some merit to investigating your own learning style and how you might best learn. There have been many ways that learning styles have been categorised and we have chosen the following; kinesthetic, auditory, visual, intrapersonal and interpersonal to examine. .

by Sara, Kristy, Debra, Madi, Cassie
Doodles or draws whilst listening.
Likes to move.
Remembers what they did.
Likes hands on activities and group collaboration.

(RMIT, 2007)

Famous kinesthetic learner

Jim Carrey (Family Education Staff, 2000-2016)
Works well in collaborative / cooperative activities.
Thrives in social interactions.
Skilled at interpreting expressions, gestures and tone of voice.
Are natural leaders.

(Pesce, 2016)
Retrieved from http://www.freelargeimages.com/mother-teresa-2397/
Mind maps.
Debating a topic.
Drama props for role play.

(Classroom Assessment Theory into Practice, 2016)
Interpersonal learners work well in a team environment and thrive on building friendships and relationships. They also make make great teachers; get them to teach a concept to the other children. Role play is another great way to engage this type of learner as it gives them an opportunity to showcase their great people skills.

(Frazier, 2016)
Self aware/philosophical
Works Independently
Solitary Learner
How to engage
someone in this style
Drama is a good way to engage someone with an intrapersonal learning style, as well as self reflection journals, thus giving them time for self reflection on what they have done. Also giving this person materials to read or materials to listen to in order for them to come to a conclusion and opinion in their own time, as they prefer to learn alone. There is little you can do to engage with a Intrapersonal learner.

(Kelly, 2014)
Famous intrapersonal learner
Learning tools

Alone time activities
Independent research

Dependent of hearing and speaking
Not afraid to ask questions
Enjoys story-telling
How to engage someone in this style
Auditory learners best learn in an environment where they can actively listen and participate in learning. Auditory learners best learn when being presented information via video or audio tapes.
Learning tools
Video tapes
Audio tapes
Music – melodies, rhythms and beats
Famous auditory learner

How to engage someone with this style
Kinesthetic learners need to be moving. They learn best with activity such as experiments, role playing or excursions. In a classroom or lecture situation a kinesthetic learner can still engage by taking notes or drawing diagrams or flowcharts of the information provided. Teachers can use other methods such as lego, modelling clay or other tactile props such as an abacus to help a kinesthetic learner absorb the information.

Learning tools
Flash cards

(Hutton, 2013)
Prefer seeing words written and visual representation of things to understand information.
Have the capability to remember what they see and not what they hear.
Need to think longer before they understand what they have heard.
Usually uses body language to communicate.

( Solar, 2016)

How to engage
someone with this style
Engaging with a person who is a visual learner is quite simple. It just means offering them something that they can look at that is colourful and bright, something that will have lots of pictures i.e. a powerpoint presentation, mind maps, collages of pictures etc. Other ways to engage with a visual learner include presenting them with videos, diagrams, animations and allowing visual learners to use highlighters, create flashcards and to draw and doodle. These examples are ways to engage a visual learner and for them to get the most out of their learning.

(Cordiner, 2016)
Learning tools
Mind maps and the use of bright colours and highlighting
Graphs, diagrams, tables, drawings

Famous visual learner
Orlando Bloom

Dyslexia and visual learning come hand in hand as it is said that dyslexic people learn better with pictures (visual aids) and demonstrations.

(Dysexic Students Guide for Academics http://www.unimelb.edu.au/accessibility/guides/dyslexia)


Famous interpersonal learner
Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa had a high level of interpersonal intelligence which means she was able to easily interact with and understand those around her. Reading people is a skill of an interpersonal learner and this allows them to tailor their interaction with each individual.

(Study.com, 2016)
How to engage
someone in this style
Learning tools
Anne Frank

Anne Frank had a habit of putting all her thoughts into a diary which is linked to the self reflections attribution of a intrapersonal learner. She was also self taught.
To conclude, it can be seen that all of the learning styles cater for everyone's different study styles and that it is chosen by us (Pritchard, 2013 ). It can be said that all the different learning styles cater to students learning better (Sadler-Smith, Evans, 2006). The listed learning styles: kinesthetic, visual, auditory, interpersonal and intrapersonal are the most common learning styles. Not all of us learn to study in the same way, and hence it is up to us to come up with a suitable way that we are able to judge and decide which learning style that we are most comfortable with, and hence enforce that into our study. We hope that you were able to choose which learning style you are with our presentation.
Jim Carrey is known for his fidgety mannerisms and physical comedy which suggests kinesthetic style.
(LSU Center for Academic Success, 2013)
BOOMR, 2016. (2016, May 16). Stock photograph of Dutch stamp with image of Anne Frank. K3163769 - search stock photography, posters, pictures, and photo Clipart images - k3163769.Jpg. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://www.fotosearch.com/CSP316/k3163769/
Cordiner, S. (2016a, May 6). 12 ways to engage the visual Learner in your courses. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://www.sarahcordiner.com/12-ways-to-engage-the-visual-learner-in-your-courses/
Family Education Staff` . (2000). Bodily-kinesthetic celebrity profiles - FamilyEducation.Com. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://school.familyeducation.com/disabled-persons/role-models/37396.html
Felder, R. Learning styles. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/Learning_Styles.html
Frazier, K. (2016). Classroom activities for Multiple Intelligences, Love to Know. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://kids.lovetoknow.com/wiki/Classroom-Activities-for-Multiple-Intelligences.html
Hattie, J., & Yates, G. C. R. (2014). Visible learning and the science of how we learn. New York: Routledge.
Herrell, A. L., Jordan, M. L., & Eby, J. W. (2012). Teaching in the elementary school: A reflective action approach (6th ed.). Boston: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon Publsihers.
Hutton, S. (2013, August 12). Helping kinesthetic learners succeed. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://www.education.com/magazine/article/kinesthetic_learner/
Intrapersonal intelligence. (2007). Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://www.mypersonality.info/multiple-intelligences/intrapersonal
Joelle, J. (2013, April 14). Interpersonal Learner Retrieved from
Kardile, S. (2016, April 2). 8 famous people with Intrapersonal intelligence. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/famous-people-with-intrapersonal-intelligence.html
Learning styles. (2009). Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://teach.com/what/teachers-teach/learning-styles
(2012, August). Lecture Application Option 1. Auditory Learner Study Guide for Ms. Spoto’s Behavioural Science Class. [Youtube clip]. Retrieved from

Litzinger, T. A., Lee, S. H., Wise, J. C., & Felder, R. M. (2007). A Psychometric study of the index of learning Styles©. Journal of Engineering Education, 96(4), 309–319. doi:10.1002/j.2168-9830.2007.tb00941.x
LSU Center for Academic Success (2013, February 19). Kinesthetic learners Retrieved from
Morin, A. (2014). Celebrity quotes: Learning from challenges. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/personal-stories/famous-people/celebrity-quotes-learning-from-challenges#slide-1
Mother teresa. (2014, December 27). Retrieved May 17, 2016, from 3D, http://www.freelargeimages.com/mother-teresa-2397/
nwo79 (2009, April 26). Intrapersonal communication Retrieved from
Pesce, C. (2013, May 10). ESL learning styles: 9 ways to teach interpersonal learners. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from ESL Essentials, http://busyteacher.org/15527-how-to-teach-interpersonal-learners-9-ways.html
Sadler-Smith, E., & Evans, C. (2006). Learning styles in education and training. Bradford, England: Emerald Group Pub.
Sanjanaashree, P.; Kumar, M. Anand; Soman, K.P., Language learning for visual and auditory learners using scratch toolkit in 2014 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics, (Jan, 14, pp.1-5)

Soler, C. (2011, October 13). Visual Learner’s characteristics. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://www.slideshare.net/csolersala/powerpoint-rociocarles
Study and Learning Centre, RMIT. (2007). Learning styles. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from https://www.dlsweb.rmit.edu.au/lsu/content/1_StudySkills/study_tuts/learning%20styles/kinesthetic.html
Study.com (2003). Interpersonal intelligence: Definition, examples & characteristics - video & lesson transcript Retrieved from http://study.com/academy/lesson/interpersonal-intelligence-definition-examples-characteristics.html
TES. (2016). Interpersonal - social learning. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from https://classroom-assessment-theory-into-practice.wikispaces.com/Interpersonal+-+Social+Learning
University of Melbourne. Dyslexic Students’ Guide for Academics. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://www.unimelb.edu.au/accessibility/guides/dyslexia
Vark Learn Limited. (2016). Kinesthetic strategies. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://vark-learn.com/strategies/kinesthetic-strategies/
(Personality max 2007)
(Hughes, 2003)
(Reflective practise, 2007)
(Reflective practise, 2007)
(30 of the Best Educational Tools for Auditory, Visual, and Kinesthetic Learners, 2013-16)
Michael Phelps was diagnosed with ‘Attention Deficit Disorder’ at a young age. Lucky for Michael, his Mother, Debbie, was a Middle School principle and able to identify the special needs Michael required.
Micheal Phelps
Jim Carrey
(Learning styles, 2006-2016 )
Full transcript