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Things Fall Apart -

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Ha'Ani Q

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of Things Fall Apart -

Overview of Chapter 13
Ezeudu had been pronounced dead by the beating of drums
From morning until night people of all ages had attended the funeral
Guns and cannons were fired to honor Ezeudu
An egwugwu had visited Ezeudu's coffin and told him to come as he was - brave and with long life
During the dancing and firing of guns/cannons Okonkwo's gun had exploded and killed Ezeudu's 16-year-old son
Okonkwo had been exiled for seven years and his compound was destroyed
Ekwe Drums Look and Sound
Body Positioning
Dressing Attire Examples
Things Fall Apart
Chapter 13
Ha'Ani-Belle Quichocho
Mrs. Council
English II Honors
Due Date: 5 May 2014

Ekwe Drums
To signal Ezeudu's death, ekwe drums were used
Ekwe drums are known as "slit-drums"
An Igbo musical instrument
- Coronations
- Cultural Events
- Rituals
- Signal for emergencies
Drum is a hollowed out tree trunk with rectangular slits in the top
Traditional Nigerian Funeral
Things Fall Apart
, Ezeudu was given a traditional funeral
Tribes believe people are reincarnated and return as their mother's relative
Believe that a death is not an end but a transition into a new life
Believe a person must be buried appropriately, otherwise the person will come back to haunt the living
Burial aspects:
- Body positioning
- Dressing Attire
- Ceremonies
- Second Burial
- Head is facing the East so that he can witness the sunrise
- Head is facing the West so that they will be able to prepare dinner for their husbands in the afterlife after sunset
Black earth covers the body during burials
Red earth is not used because it is believed that red earth blemishes the skin in the next life
Dressing Attire
Depends on age of the deceased
For those that died in their elder years:
- Family members of the deceased choose colors to be worn by all relatives
- Usually two colors, and all members of the family, including young children, must wear the colors
For those that died at a young age:
- Dark, dull clothing is worn
- Clothing signifies that the burial is indeed an occasion
Women wear aso-ebi (translation: cloth of the family)
- Outfits made of matching fabric and pattern worn by family members
Men wear agbada
- Wide-sleeved, flowing robe that's ornamented using embroidery

A lot of singing and prayers
Praise of the family through poetry and eulogizing the deceased
A lot of dancing and music
- Believed that these things will improve the chances of the deceased having a successive afterlife
Believe in elaborate funerals
Important for families to save money for the celebrations
Example of Dancing During Burial Ceremony
Second Burial
Following the initial burial, relatives can perform a second burial
Involves elaborate celebrations for the deceased, merrymaking and partying
Nigerians party due to their belief that the deceased will not gain passage to the next world of the dead unless his/her family perform this burial rite
Believed that if the second burial isn't held, the spirit of the deceased will return and haunt the relatives who failed to grant them an appropriate sendoff
Families organize a second burial to ensure the peaceful passage of the deceased into the afterlife
Pictures of a Traditional Funeral
During Ezeudu's funeral, occasionally an
would visit his body
are seen as ancestral gods
- Spirits of the Nigerian tribe's ancestors
Serve as respected judges in the community
Things Fall Apart
are the symbol of independence and culture
Masqueraders of
are usually elder men of the tribe or men of great importance
If an
is unmasked, it is believed that the spirit dies forever
Pictures of
Pictures of
Okonkwo's Crime
During the burial ceremony for Ezeudu, Okonkwo's gun had exploded
A piece of metal had struck Ezeudu's son's heart
Killed the 16-year-old
Okonkwo's Punishment
Killing a clansmen was seen as a crime against the earth goddess
Okonkwo was forced to leave the clan
Crime was "female" because it was inadvertent
"Male" crime would be to purposely kill another clansmen
Okonkwo's Punishment (Cont.)
Okonkwo had been exiled for seven years
Okonkwo stored his yams in Obierika's barn
He and his family sought a place to live in Mbanta, his motherland
Okonkwo's Compound
The following morning Okonkwo's obi had been burned down
His animals had been killed
Barn had been destroyed
Carried out by men from Ezeudu's quarter
Justice of the earth goddess
Destruction was to cleanse the land Okonkwo polluted with the blood of a clansmen
Okonkwo's Punishment
The men did not have any hatred toward Okonkwo
If the men had not carried out the punishment, the earth goddess would have unleashed her wrath upon all the land and not just the offender
Due to the belief "If one finger brought oil it soiled the others"
Today I talked about:

- The overview of Chapter 13
- Ekwe drums
- Traditional Nigerian funerals
- Okonkwo's crime and punishment that occured during this chapter
Full transcript