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History Photography

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Larissa Carvalho

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of History Photography

Larissa Carvalho History of Photography Helen Livitt Robert Capa (Born 1956) Carol Guzy (Born 1948) - Syracuse James Nachtwey (Born in November 3, 1903 in St. Louis, Missouri) Walker Evans One of the most important figures in contemporary photography is the New Yorker Helen Levitt. For over 60 years her quiet, poetic photographs made on the streets of the city she has inhabited for most of her life have inspired and amazed generations of photographers, students, collectors, curators, and lovers of art in general. Throughout her long career, Helen Levitt’s photographs have poetic vision, humor, and inventiveness as much as they have honestly portrayed her subjects—men, women, and children living it out on the streets and among the tenements of New York.

Born In 1945-46 she shot and edited the film In the Street with Janice Loeb and James Agee, providing a moving portrait of her still photography. Levitt’s first major museum exhibition was at the Museum of Modern Art in 1943, and a second solo show, of color work only, was held there in 1974. Major retrospectives of her work have been held at several museums: first in 1991, jointly at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York; in 1997 at the International Center for Photography in New York; and in 2001 at the Centre National la Photography in Paris. (October 22, 1913 – May 25, 1954) Capa originally wanted to be a writer, but he found work in photography in Berlin and grew to love the art. In 1933, he moved from Germany to France because of the rise of Nazism, but found it difficult to find work there as a freelance journalist. Capa’s first published photograph was that of Leon Trotsky making a speech in Copenhagen on “The Meaning of the Russian Revolution” in 1932 which made him one of world’s famous photographers. Carol Guzy is one of the most renowned American photojournalists of all time. She gets results because she focuses on shooting feelings rather than pictures. Through her lens, she has delved into the darkest corners of human existence, hoping to bring understanding between people in all parts of the world. Over the years, she has brought viewers face to face with Kosovo refugees, famine in Ethiopia, civil unrest in Haiti. James began photographing because he was influenced by imagery from the Vietnam War and the American Civil Rights movement. In 1976 he started to photograph for a small newspaper in New Mexico. He documented a variety of armed conflicts and social issues. He has been around different countries photographing different events and the socio-political issues. He did a series of photographs from the September 11 attacks and also when the United States went to Iraq to the war. He was injured in Iraq; a bomb exploded in the vehicle he was in. He recovered from that and went to Asia to do a remarkable series covering what the Tsunami ion December 26, 2004 had caused. He has been contracted to work for the Time Magazine since 1984. He is also a “founding member of the photo agency VII. He worked for the Farm Security Administration, and like Dorothea he “document[ed] the effects of the Great Depression.” He not only documented the Great Depression but “he also focuses on the landscapes and architecture around him” He photographed “Cuba during the revolt against dictator Machado.” He published Let Us Praise Famous Men that included his work from the documentation of the Great Depression and other works. His photographs were like Dorothea’s; they were “icons of [the] Depression-Era misery and poverty.” After doing that work he “went on to work in an abstract modernist, using the tools of both black-and-white and color photography to cover both socio-political issues and more conceptual artistic ideas.” He is also most noted for his work with James Agee, observing poor southern sharecropping families during the great depression. The pain and intrusion is so evident in their faces, the pride and humiliation shown throughout. The son of a surgeon, he embarked on four full years of medical studies before beginning his career in photography in 1975 in New York City. He first joined the office staff of Contact Press Images in 1977 and became a member photographer in 1982.

In 1986, he received the World Press Photo Premier Award for his portrait of Omayra Sanchez, a 13-year-old victim of the Nevada del Ruiz volcano’s eruption in Columbia. Frank Fournier 1948 in Saint-Sever, France (1961-1994) kevin Carter Kevin Carter, took his own life months after winning the Pulitzer Prize for feature photography for a haunting Sudan famine picture. A free-lance photographer for Reuter and Sygma Photo NY and former PixEditor of the Mail & Gaurdian, Kevin dedicated his carrer to covering the ongoing conflict in his native South Africa. He was highly honored by the prestigious Ilford Photo Press Awards on several occasions including News Picture of the Year 1993. Dorothea Lange (1895 - 1965) Dorothea Lange was born in May 26, 1895 in Hoboken New Jersey. She began to do documentary photography in New York. She is best “known for her Depression-era work.” She was living in San Francisco when the Great Depression started. The Great Depression attracted her so she started to take picture of people that were hit the hardest. She also worked for the Federal Resettlement Administration which later became the Farm Security Administration. Dorothea had to take photographs of the poor and forgotten farm families and migrant workers while she was working for the Federal Resettlement Administration. By taking photographs of this people the farm families and migrant workers became known in public because the photographs were being displayed publicly, her photographs also became icons of the era of the Great Depression. Dorothea died on October 11, 1965, when she was 70. Malcolm Browne (Born in 1933) Malcolm Browne was born and raised in New York City. His mother was a Quaker with fervently anti-war opinions, his father a Roman Catholic and an architect. Browne attended Friends Seminary, a Quaker school in Manhattan from kindergarten through to twelfth grade. He went to a Quaker college in Pennsylvania and studied chemistry. A Pulitzer Prize-winning American journalist and photographer. His best known work is the award-winning photograph of the self-immolation of Buddhist monk Thích Qu?ng ??c in 1963. Philippe Halsman (1906-1979) Philippe Halsman was born in Riga, Latvia. He studied engineering in Dresden before moving to Paris, where he set up his photographic studio in 1932. Halsman’s bold, spontaneous style won him many admirers. His portraits of actors and authors appeared on book jackets and in magazines; he worked with fashion (especially hat designs), and filled commissions for private clients. By 1936, Halsman was known as one of the best portrait photographers in France. Roger Fenton Roger Fenton was a pioneering British photographer, one of the first war photographers.He is particularly known for his coverage of the Crimean War, which is a pity, because it only formed a small proportion of his output in other areas, notably landscape photography, and also somewhat obscures the major part he played in promoting photography in general. (28 March 1819 – 8 August 1869) Charles O’Rear (born 1941) Charles O’Rear is an American photographer best known for his photos of wine country and the image Bliss that was used as a standard wallpaper in Windows XP.
During the 1970s, he contributed to the Environmental Protection Agency’s Documetria project. O’Rear photographed for National Geographic Magazine for more than 25 years. He began his focus on wine making in 1978 as an assignment to photograph the Napa Valley. Afterwards, he moved to Napa Valley and began photographing wine production around the world. To date, O’Rear has provided photographs for seven wine books.
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