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Tribes of Africa

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Shannon Hui

on 5 September 2012

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Transcript of Tribes of Africa

A CULTURAL JOURNEY AFRICA TRIBES OF BAKA MAASAI AFAR They speak Maa, also educated in the official languages of Kenya and Tanzania. The Maasai originated from the lower Nile Valley north of Lake Turkana (northwest Kenya), and began migrating south around the 15th century. WHO ARE THE MAASAI? The Afar tribe has their own language called the Afar language. Baka people are an indigenous tribe who live in the southeastern rainforests of Cameroon, northern republic of Congo, northern Gabon, and southwestern Central Africa. The population ranges from 30,000 to 40,000 individuals altogether. The Baka are hunter- gathering people. Their housing are constructed of bowed branches and covered up with large leaves. The men hunt and trap for animals in the surrounding forest, using poisoned arrows and spears for weapons. The men occasionally fish, using chemicals obtained from smashed plant material. Women regularly fish, using a way called dam fishing. They use dams to drain all the water away, and after that picking fish from the exposed ground. Today, they are mostly in East Africa, close to the Indian Ocean. CONCLUSION The Maasai population has been reported as 840,000 in kenya in the 2009 census. Did you know, Oxfam has claimed that the lifestyle of the Maasai should be accepted because of their ability to farm in deserts and scrublands. Many Massai tribes throughout Tanzania and Kenya welcome visits to their village to experience their culture, traditions and lifestyle. Traditionally, the Maasai diet consists of raw meat, raw milk and raw blood from cattle and some fruits and vegetables. Dr. Weston visited the Maasai and according to Dr. Anderson from the local government hospital in Kenya and reported that most tribes were disease free. Most had not a single tooth attacked by dental carries nor a single malformed dental arch Maasai clothing vary by age and location. The names of the clothing are known as the matavuvale. Red, blue, black striped and checkered cloth are often worn, as are multicolored African designs. In the 1960s, the Maasai began to replace animal skin, calf hides and sheep skin with commercial cotton cloth. Shuka is the Maa word for sheet traditionally worn wrapped around the body, which are typically red, though with other colors like blue and patterns like plaid. Most Maasai in Tanzania wear simple sandals, which until recently were made from cowhides. Today, they are soled with tire strips or plastic. Both men and women wear wooden bracelets and the Maasai women regularly weave and bead jewelery. This bead work plays an important part in the ornamentation of their bodies. Bead working has a long history among the Maasai who articulate their position in society through body ornaments and body painting. Body modifications such as piercing and stretching of the earlobes are also common among the Maasai. Head shaving is common at many rites of passage, representing a fresh start to another life's chapters. Warriors are the only members of the Maasai community to wear long hair, which they weave in thin braided strands. Maasai houses are made of sticks and cow dung. Here is an example of the dance they do during the Eunoto celebration, the coming of age ceremony of the warrior. The Maasai tribe believe in one God, whom they call Ngai, who is neither male or female, and is the creator of everything. As a conclusion Africa is an amazing continent of Culture Life Beliefs From which we should all learn from and respect for their beliefs. The total population is
10,000 People Sometime because of tradition
The People go to the desert to
raise goats for sacrifice The tribe has divided into 2 clans, The
Asimaras and the Adoimaras BUSHMEN The bushmen’s territory spans across South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia and Angola. The Bushmen speak the click language. The click language is an ancient language formed by Africans. The Bushmen believe a spiritual being named Kaggen. HE created many things and appears in many myths. The word Kaggen can be translated into mantis This leads to the belief that the bushmen worshiped the praying mantis. However Kaggen has many forms, he can turn into an Eland , a hare, a snake or a vulture. THANK YOU for watching
and we hope we've inspired you with the cultural lifestyle of Tribes of Africa.
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