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Westernization of Korean Culture Since Korean War

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Felicia Martinez

on 16 December 2014

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Transcript of Westernization of Korean Culture Since Korean War

Westernization of South Korea
Felicia Martinez

How Has Korea Changed?
Music, Movies, Celebrities
K-Pop: Began in 1990s, became extremely popular in 2000s and has spread its influence to China and much of South Eastern Asia. Still highly popular today
Korean War-1960s
The US has been a presence in South Korea since the Korea and has remained there ever since

Americanization=Globalization??

1960s Korea was one of the poorest countries in the world


Korean Modernization
US interest in spreading influence (anti-communist) throughout Asia drives assistance in rebuilding Korean society after the devastation of war.

As Korea received aid from the US, values, cultures and trends began to leak into the developing country



Food and Clothing
Religion:

1960s- Christianity
less than 2%

2014- Christianity 30% (25% Buddhist and 45% non-religious)



Western Foods such as pasta, fast food, sodas and coffee have become common place in Korean society

Koreans rarely wear traditional Korean clothing (hanbok)- mainly for weddings and New Years or special birthdays

Interesting trend: Matching couple!!


Music, Movies and Celebrities Cont'd
Korean Wave: Popularity of Korean culture via primarily Korean drama shows and movies, and also through music.

Began in 1990s
Dating and Marriage
Historically, all marriages were arranged marriages, set up by the families of the bride and groom, as well as a match maker.

Today, many marriages are "love" marriages, though family approval is still an important aspect.

However, matchmaking and arranged marriages are still quite popular, and there are numerous businesses that create "Resumes" for single men and women and arrange meetings for those that could potentially make a good match.

Marriage ceremonies are similar now to a Western marriage, though there specific "marriage halls" used for the ceremony. In addition, there is a brief traditional ceremony after the wedding involving the wearing on hanbok.


Western Image
Westernization of South Korea has caused a drastic change in perception of what is beautiful and attractive. Plastic surgery is as common as braces and is frequently given as a birthday or graduation gift to children.

In Korean society, good looks ensures a successful job, a happy marriage, and an overall happy life in today's culture.

Surgery is conducted to make an individual look more "Western" with wider eyes, a high bridge on the nose, and a change in cheek bones and jawline.

In 2010, South Korea had the highest rate of plastic surgery in the world. In many cases, surgeons are required to give certificates to their patients to prove their identities, as they look so different from their pre-op ID cards.
http://abcnews.go.com/Lifestyle/south-koreas-growing-obsession-cosmetic-surgery/story?id=24123409
Conclusion
Since the Korean War, the US has had a large influence on the development of Korean society.

This has impacted their culture in terms of religion, social media, food, marriage, and self-image in relation to success.

While there are those who argue for and against Westernization in South Korea, it can be said that regardless, its presence has now become a consistent aspect of the culture as a whole.
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