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Indo- Europeans

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Autumn Mckinney

on 15 December 2013

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Transcript of Indo- Europeans

Indo- Europeans
Who made the Indo-European language?
It was first noticed by Sir William Jones.
Culture of Indo- Europeans
Fun Facts about the Indo- Europeans
Bibliography
Dalal, A. The Aryan civilization. (pp. 45-47).
Aryan. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aryan
Dalal, A. Culture. (pp. 38-39). Washington DC: National Geographics.
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A large number of related languages form what is called the Indo-European macrofamily.
These languages all evolved from a common ancestral tongue called Proto-Indo-European (PIE), spoken ca. 6,000 years ago by a people living (by "traditional" hypothesis) somewhere in the general vicinity of the Pontic Steppe north of the Black Sea and east to the Caspian -- an area that, perhaps not accidentally, seems to coincide with the land of the ancient Scythians, from the Ukraine across far southwestern Russia to western Kazakhstan. (N.B.
Many claims on this page are debated, in their details, but on the whole they seem best to fit the evidence and are accepted by most scholars; herein, we shall not bother to acknowledge the myriad debates but instead present a broad-brush picture for a general audience.)
wikepedia, (29, november 13). Proto-indo-european language. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Indo-European_language
http://www.his.com/~anderrj/indotri1.html
☆ Indo-European is merely one of the hundreds of the known language families.

☆ The Indo-Europeans believed that in medicine, three types of approaches were recognized--Chants and spells , surgery , and herbs and medicines.

What are the Indo-Europeans: Its a languge
*The Cow Cycle
Harris, W. (n.d.). The indo-european background. Retrieved from http://community.middlebury.edu/~harris/LatinBackground/IndoEuroBackground.html
They practiced a polytheistic religion centered on sacrificial rites, probably administered by a class of priests or shamans.

Animals were slaughtered (*gʷʰn̥tós) and dedicated to the gods (*déiwos) in the hope of winning their favour. The king as the high priest would have been the central figure in establishing favourable relations with the other world.

The Kurgan hypothesis suggests burials in barrows or tomb chambers. Important leaders would have been buried with their belongings, and possibly also with members of their household or wives (sati). The practice of human sacrifice is inferred from the Luhansk sacrificial site.

agriculture and cereal cultivation, including technology commonly ascribed to late-Neolithic farming communities, e.g., the plow

worship of a sky god *dyeus ph2tēr (lit. "sky father"; > Ancient Greek Ζεύς (πατήρ) / Zeus (patēr); *dieu-ph2tēr > Latin Jupiter; Illyrian Deipaturos

oral heroic poetry or song lyrics that used stock phrases such as imperishable fame and wine-dark sea
INDO
He conjectured a Proto-Indo-European language had existed many years before. Although there is no concrete proof to support this onelanguage had existed, it is believed that many languages spoken in Europe and Western Asia are all derived from a common language. A few languages that are not included in the Indo-European branch of languages include Basque, Finnish, Estonian and Hungarian; of which the last three belong to the Finno-Ugric language family.
Fennell, B. A. (n.d.). Indo-european language and people. Retrieved from http://ielanguages.com/enghist.html
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