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Paraphrasing 101

An overview of how to paraphrase a quote or passage.
by

Antonia Keithahn

on 14 February 2013

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Transcript of Paraphrasing 101

Using these vocabulary words, try to rewrite the passage: Han Fei taught that rulers are like tigers. If a tiger throws away his claws, a dog will pick them up and have power over the tiger. Likewise, if a ruler throws away the laws and punishments he uses for control and lets others use them, other people in the government will control the ruler instead. Was there anything that was left out?



Was any language too close to the original?

Are there any sentences that could sound better? Input:
The input is a quote from a text: Output Think: What does this quote mean? Han Fei taught that rulers are like tigers. A tiger has superior claws and teeth and can beat a dog in a fight. If a tiger gives up his claws and teeth, a dog will pick them up and have power over the tiger. Likewise, if a ruler gives up the rewards and punishments he uses for control and lets others use them, other people in the government will control the ruler instead. "The tiger is able to overpower the dog because of his claws and teeth, but if he discards his claws and teeth and lets the dog use them, then on the contrary he will be overpowered by the dog. In the same way the ruler of men uses punishments and favors to control his ministers, but if he discards his punishments and favors and lets his ministers employ them, then on the contrary he will find himself in the control of his ministers." Paraphrasing 101 Social Studies for Innovators! Han Fei Tzu, "The Two Handles." From Basic Writings of Mo Tzu, Hsun Tzu, and Han Fei Tzu. Burton Watson, trans., p. 30. Columbia University Press, 1967. What synonyms can I use to put it in my words and carefully explain it to someone else? Han Fei is using a simile, comparing a leader to a tiger. Leaders and tigers must keep their weapons in order to stay in power. discard: to throw away overpower: to beat or control on the contrary: oppositely, instead Then, go back and check the original. I didn't describe the tiger. I left out "teeth" and said "laws" instead of "favors." I need to come up with a way of making these changes without copying the original source. Not too bad. Maybe "gives up" would be a better substitute than "throws away." I'm going to try that instead. Then, be sure to cite your source. Han Fei Tzu, "The Two Handles." From Basic Writings of Mo Tzu, Hsun Tzu, and Han Fei Tzu. Burton Watson, trans., p. 30. Columbia University Press, 1967. You just paraphrased that passage like a boss. Now, why don't you give it a try on your own? ministers: people in government employ: to use
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