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Needs Satisfaction

BSc/FdSc Sport Performance
by

Alice Tocknell

on 6 October 2016

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Transcript of Needs Satisfaction

Athlete
Needs

Alice Tocknell
alice.tocknell@hartpury.ac.uk
BSc/FdSc Sport Performance
What does a client/athlete ‘need’ within their performance environment?
Previous research has convincingly confirmed the importance of
basic need satisfaction
for people’s motivation, well-being, and health in a broad variety of life domains (Ryan & Deci, 2000; Vansteenkiste, Niemiec, & Soenens, 2010).

Maslow (1943) suggested that people are
motivated
to achieve certain needs. When one need is fulfilled, a person seeks to fulfil the next one
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
(Maslow, 1943)
Humans have an innate need to succeed
How can we apply this to sport?
BSc SP: Group Oral Presentation: LO1: Analyse the client needs for a specific performance environment.
FdSc SP: Written Portfolio: LO2: Analyse the client needs for a specific performance environment
Need Satisfaction
In sports, need satisfaction has been found to foster different aspects of
motivation
, such as self-determined regulation (Edmunds et al., 2006), intrinsic motivation and flow (Schüler et al., 2010), and exercise behavior (Wilson et al., 2003).

Need satisfaction also enhances well-being while engaging in sports (Adie, Duda, Ntoumanis, 2008, 2012; Reinboth & Duda, 2006).

Well-being is described by Huppert et al (2005; pp13) as ‘A positive and sustainable state that allows individuals, groups or nations to thrive and flourish’.
SDT researchers conceptualize basic needs as being innate and universal requirements for one’s well-being and psychological growth (Ryan & Deci, 2000).

Three innate psychological needs “that appear to be essential for facilitating optimal functioning of the natural propensities for growth and integration, as well as for constructive social development and personal well-being” (Ryan & Deci, 2000, p. 68).

Autonomy
involves the perception of being the origin of one’s choices and decisions, and not feeling controlled by forces alien to the self.

Competence
refers to feelings of mastery and effectiveness, achieved through an effective interaction within one’s environment.

Relatedness
involves feelings of being respected, understood, and securely attached to others.
Self-Determination Theory: Motivation
Autonomy
involves the perception of being the origin of one’s choices and decisions, and not feeling controlled by forces alien to the self.

Competence
refers to feelings of mastery and effectiveness, achieved through an effective interaction within one’s environment.

Relatedness
involves feelings of being respected, understood, and securely attached to others.
How can we meet these needs within the performance environment?

Provide a specific example for each
Meeting athletes needs: Application for Coaches
How are client needs met within specific performance environment?
Self-Determination Theory
Autonomy
involves the perception of being the origin of one’s choices and decisions, and not feeling controlled by forces alien to the self.

Competence
refers to feelings of mastery and effectiveness, achieved through an effective interaction within one’s environment.

Relatedness
involves feelings of being respected, understood, and securely attached to others.
Provide a specific example of an analysis of client needs within a performance environment of your choice
If we can understand the needs of the athletes/clients, we are better able to create a performance environment that is effective and sustainable.
Autonomy
involves the perception of being the origin of one’s choices and decisions, and not feeling controlled by forces alien to the self.

Competence
refers to feelings of mastery and effectiveness, achieved through an effective interaction within one’s environment.

Relatedness
involves feelings of being respected, understood, and securely attached to others.
Case Study: Victoria Pendleton
Background:
No-one to support female sprinter in UK.
Left team in UK to go and train with Frederik Magne in Switzerland on her own.
Pre-Athens Olympics - Victoria's first Olympics.
Were Victoria Pendleton's needs met in this example?
Club - What kind of environment
Participants - Age / Ability / Needs
Coaching / Staff - knowledge / training / awareness
Processes / Strategies

Recommendations for improvement
Is this useful for coaches / support staff? Why?
Seminars
References
Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227–268.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J.L. (2006). A test of self-determination theory in the exercise domain. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36, 2240–2265.

Schüler, J., Sheldon, K.M., & Fröhlich, S.M. (2010). Implicit need for achievement moderates the relationship between felt competence and subsequent motivation. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 1–12.

Stenlinga, A., and Tafvelina, S. (2014). Transformational Leadership and Well-Being in Sports: The Mediating Role of Need Satisfaction. Journal of Applied Sports Psychology, 26, 182-196.

Schüler, J., Wegner, M., and Knechtle, B. (2014) Implicit Motives and Basic Need Satisfaction in Extreme Endurance Sports. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 36, 293-302.

Wu, A., Lai, M., and Chan, I. (2014). Behaviors, Satisfaction of Needs, and Intrinsic Motivation Among Chinese University Athletes. Journal of Applied Sports Psychology, 26, 334-348.

Vansteenkiste, M., Niemiec, C., & Soenens, B. (2010). The development of the five mini-theories of self-determination theory: An historical overview, emerging trends, and future directions. In T. Urdan & S. Karabenick (Eds.). Advances in Motivation and Achievement, vol. 16: The decade ahead (pp. 105–166). Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing.

Wilson, P.M., Rodgers, W.M., Blanchard, C.M., & Gessell, J. (2003). The relationship between psychological needs, self-determined motivation, exercise attitudes, and physical fitness. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33, 2373–2392.

Videos
Youtube: Supporting Athletes' Needs
Youtube: Victoria Pendleton - Cycling's Golden Girl (Part 2)
Independent Reading on Moodle
For the next 2 weeks we will go through each assessment in detail using previous examples to help.

Attendance is strongly advised.
Full transcript