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Why did Rizal have to travel abroad?
Transcript of Why did Rizal have to travel abroad?
After completing his studies in Madrid, Rizal went to Paris and Germany in order to specialize in ophthalmology. He particularly chose this branch of medicine because he wanted to cure his mother's eye ailment.
Governor General Terrero summoned Rizal and "advised" him to leave the Philippines for his own good.
This time Rizal had to go. He was compelled to leave Calamba for two reasons:
his presence in Calamba was jeopardizing the safety and happiness of his friends
he could fight better enemies and serve his country's cause with greater efficacy by writing in foreign countries.
Last Trip Abroad
After finishing the fourth year of his medical course, Jose Rizal left the country in May 1882 to pursue further studies abroad.
His older brother readily approved his going to Spain and his two sisters, as well as his uncle, Antonio Rivera, the Valenzuela family, and some friends.
Decision to Study Abroad
He used the name Jose Mercado and before his secret departure, he wrote a farewell letter for his beloved parents and another one for his sweetheart Leonor Rivera - both delivered shortly after he sailed away.
Rizal did not seek his parents' permission and blessings to go abroad because he knew that they, especially his mother, would disprove it.
His girlfriend, Leonor Rivera, did not know anything as well of his plans of going abroad because according to him, Leonor, being a woman, young and romantic at that, could not keep a secret.
Rizal lived in Germany for five reasons:
To gain further knowledge of ophthalmology
To further his studies of sciences and languages
To observe the economic and political conditions of the German nation
To associate with famous German scientist and scholars, and
To publish his novel, Noli Me Tangere.
No longer an exile, he had a pleasant trip from Dapitan to Manila. Rizal, worried about the raging revolution, left for Spain on the steamer Isla de Panay on September 3, 1896.
It was his last trip abroad.
Months before the Katipunan contacted him, Rizal had offered his services as a military doctor in Cuba, which was then in the throes of a revolution and a raging yellow fever epidemic.
There was a shortage of physicians to minister the needs of the Spanish troops and the Cuban people. Acting upon a friend's advice, Rizal wrote to Gov. General Ramon Blanco, offering his services as a military doctor in Cuba.
When he least expected it, a letter from Gov. Blanco arrived in Dapitan, notifying him of the acceptance of his offer.
It was also stated that the politico-military commander of Dapitan would give him a pass so that he could come to Manila, where he would be given a safe-conduct to Spain wherein he will be then assigned to the Army of Operations in Cuba.