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German Sign Language
Transcript of German Sign Language
2000 implantation per year
difficult operation; the earlier the better
deaf people: afraid of losing their culture
family problems are often caused by a CI
difference: hearing/deaf relatives
different opinions about education
German Sign Language
"bi-lingual way" (France, later USA)
possibility of developing in a manner appropriate to their age
1864: first university for deaf people (USA)
German Sign Language in Detail
Conflict: Cochlea Implant and SL
"oral way" (Germany)
Convention of Milan (1880)
National Socialism: enforced sterilisation
1987: University for GSL and Communication
of deaf people (Hamburg)
2002: GSL generally accepted language
but even today: oral method
about 100.000 to 200.000 people
years ago: just in big cities
teaching the younger ones in secret
nowadays small communities
even in smaller cities
doesn't matter, if you can hear or not as long
as you are able to communicate via sign-language
the deaf don't feel disabled by using sign-language
theatre, art, cinema, dance ...
There are "rules"!
advise the opposite, that you want to talk to him
it is important to be as exact as possible
use hand signals, posture, facial expressions (!), posture of the head
finger spelling alphabet
own grammar: subject - object - verb
equal to spoken language
every word has a sign
whisper, cry, speak normal, jokes, satire, philosophy...
new words coming up "every day"
Different ways using posture
GSL in Detail
approx. 80,000 germans are deaf
140.000 people need an interpreter
10% of deaf children have also deaf parents
GSL is equal to spoken languages
GSL is a foreign language
different from pantomime
approx. 200.000 germans are able to use GSL
you do not have to be deaf to use it